Janschwalde power station

From Global Energy Monitor

The Janschwalde power station is a 3,210-megawatt (MW) lignite-fired power plant at Jänschwalde in Germany, which is owned and operated by Vattenfall.


The undated satellite below shows the plant near the village of Jänschwalde in Brandenburg on the German-Polish border.

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The lignite fired Jänschwalde power plant had an installed capacity of 3000 MW, consisting of six 500 MW units. The six units were commissioned from 1981 to 1989. The units were later increased to 535 MW each. It is the second-largest brown coal power plant in operation in Germany and is owned by Swedish utility Vattenfall.[1] The four operating units (Units A-D) co-fire with refuse, a waste-based fuel.[2]

Mothballed Units Spark Protest

In September 2022, climate activists successfully blocked the coal storage area, conveyor system and rail access of the plant, halving the day's power generation. The protest was sparked by the plant's owner seeking approval to reopen the two mothballed units (Units E and F) due to energy security concerns in light of the war in Ukraine.[3]

CCS plant

The plant had been selected as the site for a Carbon Capture and Storage demonstration project of oxyfuel technology. The tech had been initially trialled by Vattenfall at the Schwarze Pumpe power station. Vattenfall states that the Janschwalde CCS oxyfuel boiler project would be "of 650 MW thermal (around 250 MW electric), which is about 20 times more than Vattenfall's 30 MW pilot plant under construction and compares to today’s largest Oxyfuel test rigs of 0.5 MW." It also states that postcombustion capture technology will also be tested at Jänschwalde.[4]


A 2011 analysis by the European environment agency (EEA), 'Revealing the costs of air pollution from industrial facilities in Europe,' estimated that the Janschwalde plant is the third largest polluting plant in all of Europe. Greenpeace and Oxfam protested in front of the plant in November 2011.[5]

Project Details

  • Sponsor: Vattenfall Europe AG
  • Parent company: Vattenfall
  • Developer:
  • Location: Peitz , Spree-Neiße, Brandenburg, Germany
  • Coordinates: 51.835666, 14.457808 (exact)
  • Status: Operating
  • Capacity: 3,210 MW (Units A-F: 535 MW)
  • Start date: 1981-1989
  • Type: Subcritical
  • Coal Type: Lignite
  • Coal Source: Domestic
  • Source of financing:

Articles and Resources


  1. "Turbine retrofit in the Jänschwalde lignite fired power plant in Germany," PEI, 01/04/2011
  2. Piotr Krawczyk, Krzysztof Badyda and Aleksandra Mikołajczak "Possibilities of Waste Derived Fuel Use in the Energy Sector in Poland," Waste Management, Volume 8, 2018
  3. "Germany: Arrests as climate protests disrupt coal power plant, Berlin traffi", DW, September 19, 2022.
  4. Vattenfall, "Demonstration plant in Jänschwalde", Vattenfall, March 5, 2010.
  5. John Vidal and Hanna Gersmann, "Industrial pollution 'costs UK billions each year'" BBC, Nov. 24, 2011.

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