Kazakhstan–China Oil Pipeline

From Global Energy Monitor
This article is part of the Global Fossil Infrastructure Tracker, a project of Global Energy Monitor.

Kazakhstan-China Oil Pipeline 哈萨克斯坦-中国输油管道 (Kazakh: Қазақстан-Қытай Құбыры; Russian: Казахстанско-Китайский Трубопровод) is China's first direct oil import pipeline allowing oil import from Central Asia. It runs from Kazakhstan's Caspian shore to Xinjiang in China.


The pipeline route runs from Atyrau Port, Kazakhstan, to Alashankou, Xinjiang, China.

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Project details

Kenkiyak-Kumkol Oil Pipeline

Kenkiyak-Kumkol Oil Pipeline runs from Kenkiyak pumping station to Kumkol pumping station in Kazakhstan.[1]

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Atasu-Alashankou Oil Pipeline

Atasu-Alashankou Oil Pipeline runs from Atasu pumping station in Kazakhstan to Alashankou in China.[4]

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The construction of the pipeline was agreed upon between China and Kazakhstan in 1997.[6] Atasu-Alashankou and Kenkiyak-Kumkol oil pipelines were built as part of the first stage of the Kazakhstan-China pipeline project.[2] The remaining three segments (Kenkiyak-Atyrau Oil Pipeline, Kumkol-Karakoin Oil Pipeline and the Karakoin-Atasu segment of the Pavlodar-Shymkent Oil Pipeline) were designed for other purposes and are operated in a reverse flow for the Kazakhstan-China pipeline.

Kenkiyak-Kumkol oil pipeline is intended for transportation of oil from West-Kazakhstan and Aktobe oilfields. The project includes construction of relay pump stations along the pipeline to increase oil transportation volumes. Atasu - Alashankou oil pipeline is designed for transportation of oil from West-Kazakhstan, Aktobe and Kumkol oilfields to China, as well as for transit of Russian oil.[2] Rosneft transports 200,000 b/d of crude to China through the Atasu-Alashankou oil pipeline.[7]

In 2015 Pavlodar-Shymkent oil pipeline was reconstructed to increase the capacity of the reverse flow for the route Karakoin-Atasu (Dzhumagaliev pumping station - Atasu pumping station) by 20 mtpa.[8]

Articles and resources


  1. "Казахстанско-Китайский Трубопровод – Кенкияк – Кумколь". www.kcp.kz (in русский). Retrieved 2023-02-03.
  2. 2.00 2.01 2.02 2.03 2.04 2.05 2.06 2.07 2.08 2.09 2.10 2.11 2.12 2.13 2.14 2.15 "Kazakhstan-China Pipeline". www.kcp.kz. Retrieved 2023-02-03.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 "ТОО «КАЗАХСТАНСКО-КИТАЙСКИЙ ТРУБОПРОВОД»". kaztransoil.kz. 2022. Retrieved 2023-02-03.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 "Казахстанско-Китайский Трубопровод – Атасу – Алашанькоу". www.kcp.kz (in русский). Retrieved 2023-02-03.
  5. "China-Kazakhstan pipeline starts to pump oil". China Daily. 2005-12-25. Retrieved 2008-03-15.
  6. "Kazakhstan-China oil pipeline opens to operation". Xinhua. 2006-07-12. Retrieved 2008-03-15.
  7. "Rosneft to extend oil supply to China via Kazakhstan | Argus Media". 2022-02-04. Retrieved 2023-02-03.
  8. "АО «КазТрансОйл» завершило реконструкцию участка Барсенгир – Атасу МН Павлодар – Шымкент". www.kmg.kz (in русский). Retrieved 2023-02-06.