The mine started operations in 2002 under the Madison Mining Company LLC. A year later, Amfire Coal Co., a subsidiary of the Alpha Natural Resources, started operating the Madison Mine. Rosebud Mining Co. acquired Amfire Operations for $86 million in December 2014, adding Madison Mine alongside 9 others to its operations. The sale occurred in a year where Alpha Natural Resources was financially struggling, and only 6 months prior to its bankruptcy.
In 2020, the mine produced 0.5 million short tons, and had 65 employees.
- MSHA ID: 3609127
- Operator: Rosebud Mining Company
- Controller: J. Clifford Forest
- County: Cambria
- State: PA
- Coordinates: 40.404865, -78.810134
- 2020 Production (short tons): 548,288 short tons or 497,398 metric tons
- Coal Type: Bituminous
- Mining Method: Underground
- Mine Status: Active
- Average No. of Employees: 65
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- Dennis, Justin (November 11, 2014). "Rosebud buying Amfire mines". The Tribune-Democrat. Retrieved June 23, 2021.
- Hurst, David (December 31, 2014). "Rosebud Mining acquires Amfire operations". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Retrieved June 23, 2021.
- U.S. department of labor, MSHA, Mine Data Retrieval System, accessed June 23 2021
- Dennis, Justin (November 11, 2014). "Rosebud buying Amfire mines". The Tribune Democrat. Retrieved June 23, 2021.
- Vardi, Nathan (August 3, 2015). "U.S. Coal Company Alpha Natural Resources Files For Bankruptcy". Forbes. Retrieved June 23, 2021.
- "Major U.S. Coal Mines," Energy Information Administration