Middelburg Complex (MBO)

From Global Energy Monitor
This article is part of the Global Coal Mine Tracker, a project of Global Energy Monitor.
Please visit Global Energy Monitor to download the dataset

Middelburg Complex (MBO) Coal Mine is a SURFACE mine in Middleburg, Mpumalanga, South Africa. [1]


The map below shows the EXACT location of the Townlands section of the complex.

Loading map...


Izimbiwa Coal operates the mine, which is owned by Phembani(50.1%) and Glencore (49.9%). Coal from the mine is mainly for export. The project consists of a number of smaller operations; Graspan, Townlands, Steelcoal, and Corobrik collieries which were absorbed into the complex in 2018. The complex also contains Springlake(Care and Maintenance), Argent(Proposed), and Springboklaagte (Proposed). [1] [2] [3]

Mine Details

  • Operator: Izimbiwa Coal [2]
  • Owner: Phembani(50.1%) and Glencore (49.9%) [2]
  • Location: Middleburg, Mpumalanga, South Africa [2]
  • Coordinates: -25.8123128, 29.4029868 (Townlands)(Exact) -25.780846, 29.410789 (Graspan)(Exact)
  • Status: Operating
  • Capacity: 2.7 million tonnes per annum (Mtpa) [1]
  • Total Resources: 173 million tonnes (Measured, Indicated, and Inferred Resource) [1]
  • Reserves: 18 million tonnes (Proven and Probable Reserve) [1]
  • Coal Type: BITUMINOUS (Thermal) [4]
  • Mine Type: SURFACE
  • Start Year:
  • Source of Financing:

Articles and resources


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 Glencore, "Resources Reserves Report 2020", Glencore website, Accessed March 2021
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 Izimbiwa, "Izimbiwa Coal", Phembani website, Accessed March 2021
  3. Glencore, "Resources Reserves Report 2018", Glencore website, Accessed March 2021
  4. South Africa Department of Mineral Resources, "Operating Mines Mpumalanga", DMR website, Accessed March 2021

External articles