Nor Andino Gas Pipeline
|This article is part of the Global Fossil Infrastructure Tracker, a project of Global Energy Monitor.|
The Nor Andino Gas Pipeline is an operating natural gas pipeline in Argentina and Chile.
The pipeline runs west from the Pichanal natural gas compressor station in Argentina's Salta province, passing through Tres Cruces (Jujuy province), crossing the Argentine-Chilean border at Paso de Jama, and continuing through the Antofagasta region to Engie's Tocopilla and Mejillones power stations and the Mejillones LNG Terminal on Chile's Pacific coast.
- Operator: Nor Andino Gasoducto
- Parent Company: Tractebel 79%; Southern Co. 21%
- Current capacity: 282.5 million cubic meters per day
- Proposed capacity:
- Length: 659 miles / 1,060 kilometers
- Status: Operating
- Start Year: 1999
The pipeline was originally designed to transport natural gas from northern Argentina to Chile. However, starting in 2004, Argentina began reducing gas exports to Chile due to insufficient supply, and by 2007 gas transport through the pipeline had been completely halted.
In 2012, Argentina and Chile began discussing possible conversion of their trans-Andean pipelines to permit bi-directional flow. By 2016 the two governments had developed scenarios calling for Chile to export natural gas received at its Mejillones LNG Terminal and Quintero LNG terminal to the Argentine provinces of Salta and Mendoza, respectively, during the winter months, while Argentina would ship natural gas from its own production to Chile during the summer. The two pipelines identified as the best candidates for this initiative were the Nor Andino Gas Pipeline in the north and the GasAndes Pipeline in the south.
In December 2017, Engie Energía Chile and Argentina Energy Consulting Services (ECS) became the first private companies to take advantage of the Nor Andino Pipeline's new bi-directional capacities. Under the terms of their agreement, ECS would export up to 2.5 million cubic meters of Argentine natural gas per day for use in Engie's Chilean operations through May 15, 2018; after that date, and within 240 days of its initial shipment, ECS would reimport an equivalent volume of gas from Chile.
Articles and resources
- Gasoducto NorAndino S.A., BN Americas, accessed October 2018
- José Manuel Ponce (TGN), Juan Bustinza (Tecnored Ingeniería S.R.L.) & Rodolfo Reale (Gasoducto Nor Andino S.A.). "Aspectos Geotécnicos del Gasoducto Nor Andino en la Cuesta de Mal Paso" (PDF). Retrieved August 7, 2020.
- Andreotti, Jorge Ignacio (2016-05-14). "Análisis de la importación de Gas desde Chile". Electrónica, Electricidad y Telecomunicaciones.
- Nor Andino to Appeal Injunction Halting Construction of Pipeline, Wall Street Journal, Jun. 19, 1998
- "Chile vuelve a importar gas natural desde Argentina una década después". Efe. October 30, 2018.
- "De Vaca Muerta al Hogar de los Argentinos: El Desafío del Downstream del Gas en Argentina" (PDF). Shale en Argentina / Instituto Argentino del Petróleo y del Gas. 2015.
- "Engie hará la mayor compra de gas argentino para usar en Chile desde firma de protocolo". Electricidad (in español). December 27, 2017.