OPAL Gas Pipeline

From Global Energy Monitor
This article is part of the Global Fossil Infrastructure Tracker, a project of Global Energy Monitor.

OPAL Gas Pipeline is an operating natural gas pipeline.[1]


The pipeline runs from Greifswald, Germany to Olbernhau, Germany. It connects with the Nord Stream and Nord Stream 2 Gas Pipelines at Lubmin; with the JAGAL Gas Pipeline at Kienbaum (and, via a spur pipeline, to the Steinitz-Bernau Gas Pipeline); and with the Czech gas network at Olbernhau.

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Project Details

  • Operator: OPAL Gastransport GmbH & Co KG
  • Parent Company: BASF (50%) and Gazprom (50%)
  • Capacity: 35 billion cubic meters per year
  • Length: 290 miles / 470 kilometers
  • Status: Operating
  • Start Year: 2011


The OPAL (Ostsee-Pipeline-Anbindungsleitung, or "Baltic Sea Pipeline Connector") is a natural gas pipeline in Germany that runs along its eastern border. The OPAL pipeline is one of two projected pipelines connecting the Nord Stream pipeline to the existing pipeline grid in Middle and Western Europe, the other one being the NEL pipeline.

The pipeline connects the Nord Stream pipeline with the JAGAL, which distributes gas from the Yamal-Europe pipeline, and the STEGAL, which distributes gas from the Central-European Russian gas transit system (Transgas). On the German-Czech border the pipeline will be connected with the planned Gazela Pipeline, to connect gas export pipelines in the Czech Republic.[2]

Technical features

The diameter of the pipeline is 1400 mm (55 in) and it has an operating pressure up to 100 bar.[3] The capacity of the pipeline is 35 billion cubic meters per year of natural gas. The compressor station in Radeland, Brandeburg, is built by Siemens.[4]

The pipeline cost around €1 billion. Construction was completed in 2011 and in August 2011 Nord Stream was connected with the OPAL pipeline.[5]


On 25 February 2009, Germany's energy regulator exempted the OPAL pipeline from network access and transit fees regulation for 22 years after its launch.[6]

Access by Gazprom

Polish state-run gas firm PGNiG and PGNiG Supply & Trading tried to restrict Gazprom's access to the pipeline. Oberlandesgericht Düsseldorf lifted the restrictions [7] After the decision Gazprom increased the throughput to 72.5 million cubic meters per day, or 26.462 billion per year.[8]


The SciGRID_gas combined IGG gas transmission network data set refers to the pipeline as INET_PL_4951, INET_PL_4950, INET_PL_4921, and INET_PL_4920.[9]

Articles and resources


  1. OPAL pipeline, Wikipedia, accessed April 2018
  2. Markéta Hulpachová\ (2007-05-23). "RWE plans new pipeline". The Prague Post. Retrieved 2007-11-24.
  3. Lochner, Stefan; Bothe, David (September 2007). "From Russia with Gas An analysis of the Nord Stream pipeline's impact on the European Gas Transmission System with the Tiger-Model" (PDF). EWI Working Paper. Institute of Energy Economics at the University of Cologne (7.02). Retrieved 2008-03-05.
  4. "Siemens wins Baltic pipeline compressor order". Offshore. PennWell Corporation. 2010-03-17. Retrieved 2010-03-18.
  5. Blau, John (2011-08-26). "Nord Stream pipeline now connected to German link". Deutsche Welle. Retrieved 2011-09-10.
  6. Vera Eckert (2009-02-25). "Germany rules favourably on OPAL gas pipeline". Reuters. Retrieved 2009-03-15.
  7. https://www.worldpipelines.com/business-news/31072017/gazprom-gets-access-to-opal-pipeline/
  8. https://sputniknews.com/russia/201708041056178699-russia-gas-pipeline/
  9. Diettrich, Pluta, Medrjoubi (July 23, 2020). "The combined IGG gas transmission network data set". DLR Institute for Networked Energy Systems. Cite journal requires |journal= (help)CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)

Related GEM.wiki articles

Natural Gas Pipelines in Europe

External resources

External articles

Wikipedia also has an article on OPAL Gas Pipeline (OPAL pipeline). This article may use content from the Wikipedia article under the terms of the Wikipedia:Text_of_Creative_Commons_Attribution-ShareAlike_3.0_Unported_License Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License]].