Power of Siberia 2 Gas Pipeline

From Global Energy Monitor
This article is part of the Global Fossil Infrastructure Tracker, a project of Global Energy Monitor.
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Power of Siberia 2 Gas Pipeline (Russian: Сила Сибири - 2; Chinese: 西伯利亚力量-2号) is a proposed natural gas pipeline in Russia.[1] It is also referred to as Soyuz Vostok (Russian: Союз Восток). The pipeline was previously proposed to follow a different route into China, at which time it was referred to as the Altai Gas Pipeline.[2]

Location

The pipeline would run from the Bovanenkovo and Kharasavey gas fields in Yamal, Russia through Urengoy, Krasnoyarsk Territory, Irkutsk Region, Buryatia and Transbaikalia.[1] It would pass close to Lake Baikal, crossing the border of Mongolia, pass by Ulan Bator, and go on to China.[3]

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Project Details

  • Owner: Gazprom[1]
  • Capacity: 80 billion cubic meters per year[1]
  • Length: 1,612 miles / 2,594 kilometers[4]
  • Status: Proposed[1]
  • Start Year:

Background

A memorandum on deliveries of Russian natural gas to China was signed by Gazprom CEO Alexei Miller and China National Petroleum Corp. (CNPC) CEO Chen Geng during the Russian President Vladimir Putin's visit to China in March 2006.[5][2] The project was put on hold due to disagreements over natural gas prices and competition from other gas sources in the Chinese market.[6][7]

In 2013, Gazprom and CNPC agreed to instead pursue a more eastern route, the Power of Siberia gas pipeline.[8][9] Planning for this project occurred at the 2014 APEC China summit.[10][11][11] In November 2014, CNPC signed a preliminary agreement with Gazprom for construction of the $300 billion Altai gas pipeline (a western route) that was to deliver 30 bcm of gas per year for 30 years from western Siberia in Russia to China's Xinjiang region.[12] In July 2015 the pipeline was indefinitely postposed by Russia due to a slowdown in the Chinese economy.[12]

Chinese and Russian officials revived the project in 2019.[13] In March 2019, the Chinese Vice Premier Zhang Gaoli urged the Gazprom CEO Alexei Miller to accelerate the development of the pipeline.[14] In September 2020, the Gazprom CEO Alexey Miller and the Mongolian Prime Minister Ukhnaagiin Khurelsukh signed a letter of intent to develop a pipeline with a capacity of 50 bcm/yr.[15]

The original route of the pipeline was through the Altai mountains towards Xinjiang. In September 2019, China had expressed a preference for routing the line through Mongolia instead of Xinjiang, a new route was proposed through Ulan Bator in the Mongolian steppes and in the direction of Beijing in China.[4] In April 2021, Gazprom approved the preliminary technical and economic analysis (feasibility study) of the proposed pipeline. This analysis proposed the optimal route, length, diameter, operating pressure, and quantity of compressor stations.[1]

Preparations to develop the line’s Mongolian section have also begun.[4] The government of Mongolia and Gazprom have signed a memorandum of understanding in December 2019 which established a joint working group. On March 11, 2021, the plan of activities of the Joint Working Group for 2021–2022 was approved.[1] A special-purpose company has also been established between Gazprom and the government of Mongolia to carry out design and survey work and to conduct a second feasibility study for the pipeline’s route, including a detailed calculation of investment and operating costs. In February 2021, the company expected results of the study to be available as early as the first quarter of 2021.[4]

Route

The 2,594 km (1,612 mi) long pipeline would start from the Bovanenkovo and Kharasavey gas fields in Yamal.[3] A new pipeline corridor would have to be built after Urengoy[16], passing through the Krasnoyarsk Territory, Irkutsk Region, Buryatia and Transbaikalia.[3] Currently there are no existing gas corridors on this route.[16] The pipeline would then pass close to Lake Baikal, near which it would cross the border of Mongolia, pass by Ulan Bator, and go on to China. Later on, there is a possibility of an additional segment being constructed to connect the Power of Siberia and Power of Siberia 2.[17] In China, near Yongqing / Beijing, the pipeline may connect to the Russia-China East Line Domestic Extension Phase III (Yongqing - Shanghai) gas pipeline currently under construction.[18]

There is also an alternative route listed in the Petroleum Economist database[19] and cited by one news source[20] which fairly significantly differs from this proposed route. We have chosen a route provided by Gazprom and the majority of the most recent news sources which we consider to be more accurate at this time.[3][17][21]

Technical description

The diameter of the pipeline would be 1,420 mm (56 in).[4] The designed capacity of the pipeline would be approximately 80 billion cubic meters (bcm) of natural gas annually. This estimate is based on a statement that the new pipeline’s capacity would be 1.3 times higher than the capacity of the Power of Siberia pipeline. The capacity of the Power of Siberia pipeline is 60 billion cubic meters of natural gas annually.[1] The pipeline would be built and operated by Gazprom with support from the Mongolian government.[1]

Controversy

The pipeline project was originally criticized by environmental organizations because it would go through the Ukok Plateau, which is the natural habitat of the snow leopard and other endangered species. Altai national leaders also feared that laying the pipeline and accompanying technical highway would pave way for a Chinese expansion into Altai; the pipeline route would have also impacted burial sites and shrines in the region.[22]

The new route would not go through the Ukok Plateau but instead pass through the Mongolian steppes where it would be less challenging to complete construction than in the mountainous area of the Altai mountains.[23]

Articles and resources

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.7 1.8 "Газопровод «Союз Восток» станет продолжением «Силы Сибири — 2»". Энергетика и промышленность России. April 13, 2021. Retrieved July 15, 2021.
  2. 2.0 2.1 "Altai Project". Gazprom. Archived from the original on 3 October 2010. Retrieved 2010-10-09. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 Дятел, Татьяна (April 13, 2021). "«Газпром» наметил путь через Монголию. Компания утвердила технико-экономический анализ проекта". Коммерсантъ. Retrieved July 22, 2021.
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 Smith, Christopher E. (February 1, 2021). "Global liquids, gas pipeline construction plans shrink". Oil and Gas Journal.
  5. "Natural Gas in Exchange for Time". Kommersant. 2006-09-16. Retrieved 2008-12-21.
  6. Richard Weitz (2009-06-23). "Global Insights: Chinese-Russian Relations the Best Ever?". World Politics Review. Archived from the original on 29 June 2009. Retrieved 2009-07-15. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  7. Kelly Zang (2008-10-08). "Russia to delay construction of proposed gas pipeline to China - Xinhua". Forbes. Retrieved 2009-07-15.
  8. "Gazprom, CNPC sign memorandum on eastern route pipeline gas supplies to China (Part 2)". Interfax. March 22, 2013. Retrieved 2014-04-10.
  9. Svetlana Kyrzhaly (March 27, 2013). "Gazprom "has forgot" about "Altai", concentrated at the "Power of Siberia" project". Oil and Gas, Metals and Mining News. Retrieved 2014-04-10.
  10. http://chinababe.ru/delkit/politics/2014/11/11/apec-results/
  11. 11.0 11.1 http://interfaxenergy.com/gasdaily/article/14214/altai-pipeline-will-go-direct-from-russia-to-china
  12. 12.0 12.1 Russian-Chinese Gas Pipeline Cancellation Offers LNG Opportunities, Rigzone, Aug. 18, 2015
  13. Moscow And Beijing Discuss Natural Gas Megaproject, Oil Price, Feb. 23, 2019
  14. China’s vice premier seeks acceleration of Altai gas pipeline with Russia, Gas Processing News, Mar. 23, 2019
  15. Christopher E. Smith, Gazprom advancing Power of Siberia 2 gas pipeline, Oil & Gas Journal, Sep. 18, 2020
  16. 16.0 16.1 "Активизация проекта «Сила Сибири-2» станет толчком к развитию регионов". ЧС Инфо. September 10, 2020. Retrieved July 22, 2021.
  17. 17.0 17.1 "«Сила Сибири-2» анонсирована для спасения «Силы Сибири»". Лента.ру. May 28, 2020. Retrieved July 22, 2021.
  18. "China starts building southern part of China-Russia East gas pipeline". Reuters. July 28, 2020. Retrieved Sep 22, 2021.
  19. "Interactive World Gas Map, 2021 Version". Petroleum Economist. Retrieved Sep 20, 2021.
  20. "Газопровод "Сила Сибири-2" может пройти через Красноярский край". KrasnoyarskMedia.ru. May 20, 2020. Retrieved Sep 20, 2021.
  21. "«Газпром» начал проектировать, как перенаправить «европейский» газ в Китай". EurAsia Daily. May 18, 2020. Retrieved Sep 20, 2021.
  22. Pilgrims and Tourists, Earth Island Institute, May 5, 2015
  23. Дятел, Татьяна (December 4, 2019). "«Газпром» взял Алтай-аут. Новый газопровод в Китай пройдет через Монголию". Коммерсантъ. Retrieved July 22, 2021.

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External resources

External articles

Wikipedia also has an article on Altai gas pipeline (Altai gas pipeline). This article may use content from the Wikipedia article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License].