Reftinskaya GRES power station

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Reftinskaya GRES power station (Рефтинская ГРЭС) is an operating power station of at least 3800-megawatts (MW) in Reftinsky, Sukhoy Log, Sverdlovsk, Russia with multiple units, some of which are not currently operating.


Table 1: Project-level location details

Plant name Location Coordinates (WGS 84)
Reftinskaya GRES power station Reftinsky, Sukhoy Log, Sverdlovsk, Russia 57.110841, 61.705909 (exact)

The map below shows the exact location of the power station.

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Unit-level coordinates (WGS 84):

  • Unit 1, Unit 10, Unit 2, Unit 3, Unit 4, Unit 5, Unit 6, Unit 7, Unit 8, Unit 9: 57.110841, 61.705909
  • Unit 11: 57.11099, 61.70614

Project Details

Table 2: Unit-level details

Unit name Status Fuel(s) Capacity (MW) Technology Start year Retired year
Unit 1 operating coal - bituminous 300 supercritical 1970
Unit 10 operating coal - bituminous 500 supercritical 1980
Unit 11 cancelled coal - unknown 660 unknown
Unit 2 operating coal - bituminous 300 supercritical 1971
Unit 3 operating coal - bituminous 300 supercritical 1971
Unit 4 operating coal - bituminous 300 supercritical 1972
Unit 5 operating coal - bituminous 300 supercritical 1974
Unit 6 operating coal - bituminous 300 supercritical 1975
Unit 7 operating coal - bituminous 500 supercritical 1977
Unit 8 operating coal - bituminous 500 supercritical 1977
Unit 9 operating coal - bituminous 500 supercritical 1978

Table 3: Unit-level ownership and operator details

Unit name Owner
Unit 1 Kuzbassenergo JSC [100.0%]
Unit 10 Kuzbassenergo JSC [100.0%]
Unit 11 Kuzbassenergo JSC [100.0%]
Unit 2 Kuzbassenergo JSC [100.0%]
Unit 3 Kuzbassenergo JSC [100.0%]
Unit 4 Kuzbassenergo JSC [100.0%]
Unit 5 Kuzbassenergo JSC [100.0%]
Unit 6 Kuzbassenergo JSC [100.0%]
Unit 7 Kuzbassenergo JSC [100.0%]
Unit 8 Kuzbassenergo JSC [100.0%]
Unit 9 Kuzbassenergo JSC [100.0%]

Project-level coal details

  • Coal source(s): Ekibastuz coal


Reftinskaya GRES, the largest coal-fired power plant in Russia, is a 10-unit, 3,800-MW coal-fired power plant in Sverdlovsk province.

Construction on the plant began in 1963; the first six 300-MW units came online in 1970-75, and the remaining four 500-MW units came online in 1977-80.

The plant uses coal from Ekibastuz basin in Kazakhstan.

In 2021 Reftinskaya produced 22.7 billion kWh of electricity, covering 53% of the consumption in the Sverdlovsk province and demonstrating high utilization factor of 68%. 2020 generation was 11.5% lower.[1] In 2022, the plant produced 20.9 billion kWh of electricity.[2]

Ownership Change

From 2007 to 2019, Reftinskaya GRES was owned by the Fifth Generation Company of the Wholesale Electricity Market (OGK-5), which in turn was majority-owned by Italian energy company Enel.[3][4][5]

In April 2016, Enel was evaluating the sale of the plant due to the end of the subsidies that apply in the first 10 years for a new unit as well as the weakness of the Russian economy.[6] As of January 2018, Enel had received bids from three companies.[7] In June 2019 Enel agreed to sell the plant to the Siberian Generation Company (SGK), owned by Siberian Coal Energy Company (SUEK), for 21 billion roubles.[8] In November 2019 the sale was completed with a transfer of ownership to Kuzbassenergo JSC, part of Siberian Generation Company, for 16.7 billion roubles (USD 345 million). [9] The sale marked the departure of Russia's biggest foreign-owned utility company from the Russian coal power market.[10]

During the 9-month transition period (from October 1, 2019 to June 30, 2020), Enel Russia and Kuzbassenergo JSC jointly managed the power plant under a lease agreement, and once the transition period expired, Kuzbassenergo JSC started to operate the plant independently.[11]


Reftinskaya power plant was selected for the nation-wide COMMod program for modernizing energy generation equipment, where selected plants receive capacity payments for 15 years.[12] Unit 1 and Unit 4 of Reftinskaya participate in the program, with projects starting in July 2024 and 2025.[13] SGK will be mainly replacing turbines and generators.[14] In June 2021, SGK announced that it planned to invest RUR 9 billion toward modernization at the station.[15] It was anticipated that the modernization of Unit 1 will be completed by 2026 and Unit 4 by 2027, with capacities increasing from 300MW to 315MW for each unit.[16] As of June 2022, planning was on-going with regards to Unit 1 and a technical project was being developed for the new turbine and generator.[13]

According to the interview with plant's engineer in summer 2022, the power plant has to prepare for COMMod by implementing repairs prior to the start of program, as not all equipment is covered.[13] By June 2022, an overhaul of Unit #4 was completed, which included refurbishing of the old turbine and boiler (without replacement). It was reported that several issues were encountered during modernization, such as substitution of imported components and increase in the cost of materials.[13] Starting from July 2024, the plant will participate in COMMod-2 program that will last for 2.5 years for Units 1 and 4, including full replacement of the turbines and generators. Unit 1 will be taken out of operations from July 2024 until the end of 2025.[17]

In July 2021, Reftinskaya GRES power station completed a pilot combustion using mixed coal types. They confirmed that the power station could run on a mixture of Kuzbass coal and Ekibastuz coal.[18][19] As of April 2023, the power plant still used coal from Bogatyr coal mine (about 10 million tonnes per year). In the last 2.5 years the plant confirmed the capability of the plant to use Russian coal from Kiyzassky coal mine and Zarechny coal mine in Kuzbass basin and was reviewing the possibility to use coal from Khakassiya. The decision on the switch of coal would be taken in 2024, according to the source.[20]


In August 2016, a complete failure of the coupling capacitator resulted in the plant shutting down entirely, cutting power to large parts of Siberia; there were no injuries.[21]

Description of Expansion

The RAO UES 2006-10 five-year plan (from before the restructuring of RAO UES), which RAO management approved in January 2007, lists as a long-term project the addition of a 660-MW eleventh coal-fired unit at Reftinskaya, with a completion date of 2012.[22] Enel OGK-5, in its most recent annual report and on its website, makes no mention of any other projects at Reftinskaya GRES other than the renovation of Units 1-6 and the installation of dry ash removal units.[23][24] It would appear that this project has been cancelled.

Articles and Resources


  1. "Рефтинская ГРЭС показала рост эффективности в 2021 году". February 15, 2022.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  2. "Выработка СГК в 2022г достигла рекордного уровня, увеличившись почти на 14%". January 2023.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  3. Reftinskaya GRES, Enel OGK-5 website, accessed Mar. 2014.
  4. Reftinskaya GRES Coal CHP Power Plant Russia, Global Energy Observatory, accessed Mar. 2014.
  5. Рефтинская ГРЭС, Wikipedia (Russian), accessed June 2018.
  6. Elena Mazneva, "Enel May Sell Its Biggest Power Plant in Russia as Profit Slips," Bloomberg, April 5, 2016.
  7. Источник: интерес к покупке Рефтинской ГРЭС проявили три компании, TASS, 16 Jan. 2018.
  8. Рефтинская ГРЭС наконец сменит владельца, Komersant, Jun. 6, 2019
  9. Fitch подтвердило рейтинги "Энел Россия" на уровне "ВВ+",, Dec. 6, 2019
  10. Renewables Drive Accelerates as Enel Russia Sells its Largest Coal Power Station, The Moscow Times, Oct. 24, 2019
  11. "2020 Enel Russia Annual Report". Retrieved November 2022. {{cite web}}: Check date values in: |access-date= (help)CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  12. "Программы ДПМ и КОММод в электроэнергетике". February 2021.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  13. 13.0 13.1 13.2 13.3 "Директор Рефтинской ГРЭС: «Наша станция не такая и огромная: всего в 2 раза больше следующей по мощности»". Jun 17, 2022. Retrieved Jun 29, 2022.
  14. К 2026 году СГК модернизирует оборудование своих станций по федеральной программе,, Dec. 9, 2020
  15. СГК инвестирует около 12 млрд рублей в обновление новосибирской ТЭЦ-3,, June 8, 2021
  16. "Приказ Министерства энергетики РФ от 28 февраля 2022 г. № 146 "Об утверждении схемы и программы развития Единой энергетической системы России на 2022 - 2028 годы"". May 2022.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  17. "Рефтинская ГРЭС масштабирует ремонтную программу и входит в ДПМ-2". February 2024.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  18. На Рефтинской ГРЭС подтвердили возможность использования кузбасского угля марки Д, EP Russia, Sep. 7, 2021
  19. Ожидания VS реальность. Руководители филиалов СГК подвели итоги уходящего года, SGK Online, Dec. 28, 2021
  20. "Рефтинская ГРЭС готова отказаться от экибастузского угля: выверенный шаг или ценовой торг". April 2023.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  21. «Раздался взрыв, потом — треск и на полнеба — искры», URA.RU, 24 Aug. 2016.
  22. Investment Program of RAO UES of Russia Thermal Generation Companies for 2006-2010 and Key Power-Generating Equipment Required by OGK/TGK for its Implementation, RAO UES document, Jan. 29, 2007.
  23. Reftinskaya GRES, Enel OGK-5 website, accessed Mar. 2014.
  24. Enel OGK-5 2012 Annual Report, pp. 50-51, accessed Mar. 2014.

Additional data

To access additional data, including an interactive map of coal-fired power stations, a downloadable dataset, and summary data, please visit the Global Coal Plant Tracker on the Global Energy Monitor website.