Rumford Cogeneration Plant

From Global Energy Monitor

Rumford Cogeneration Plant is a 102.6-megawatt (MW) biomass and coal-fired power station owned and operated by ND Paper within the ND Paper pulp and paper mill in Rumford, Maine.


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Plant Data

  • Owner: ND Paper
  • Parent Company: ND Paper
  • Plant Nameplate Capacity: 102.6 MW (Megawatts)
  • Units and In-Service Dates: Unit 1: 102.6 MW (1990)
  • Location: 35 Hartford St., Rumford, ME 04276
  • GPS Coordinates: 44.552138, -70.542625
  • Technology: Subcritical Fluidized Bed Technology
  • Coal type: Bituminous
  • Coal Consumption:
  • Coal Source: Santa Marta Mine (Colombian Import)[1]
  • Number of Employees:
  • Unit Retirements: Unit converted to biomass but still cofires coal.

Conversion to Biomass

In 2014/2015 the cogeneration unit switched from a coal fired unit that cofired biomass to a biomass unit that cofires coal.[2]

Coal Purchases

According to, the Rumford Cogeneration plant purchases coal from companies who practice mountaintop removal mining (MTR), though does not burn coal directly from MTR mines.[3]

Emissions Data

  • 2006 CO2 Emissions: 295,300 tons
  • 2006 SO2 Emissions:
  • 2006 SO2 Emissions per MWh:
  • 2006 NOx Emissions:
  • 2005 Mercury Emissions:

Death and disease attributable to fine particle pollution from Rumford

In 2010, Abt Associates issued a study commissioned by the Clean Air Task Force, a nonprofit research and advocacy organization, quantifying the deaths and other health effects attributable to fine particle pollution from coal-fired power plants.[4] Fine particle pollution consists of a complex mixture of soot, heavy metals, sulfur dioxide, and nitrogen oxides. Among these particles, the most dangerous are those less than 2.5 microns in diameter, which are so tiny that they can evade the lung's natural defenses, enter the bloodstream, and be transported to vital organs. Impacts are especially severe among the elderly, children, and those with respiratory disease. The study found that over 13,000 deaths and tens of thousands of cases of chronic bronchitis, acute bronchitis, asthma, congestive heart failure, acute myocardial infarction, dysrhythmia, ischemic heart disease, chronic lung disease, and pneumonia each year are attributable to fine particle pollution from U.S. coal plant emissions. These deaths and illnesses are major examples of coal's external costs, i.e. uncompensated harms inflicted upon the public at large. Low-income and minority populations are disproportionately impacted as well, due to the tendency of companies to avoid locating power plants upwind of affluent communities. To monetize the health impact of fine particle pollution from each coal plant, Abt assigned a value of $7,300,000 to each 2010 mortality, based on a range of government and private studies. Valuations of illnesses ranged from $52 for an asthma episode to $440,000 for a case of chronic bronchitis.[5]

Table 1: Death and disease attributable to fine particle pollution from Rumford Cogeneration Plant

Type of Impact Annual Incidence Valuation
Deaths 3 $24,000,000
Heart attacks 6 $640,000
Asthma attacks 50 $3,000
Hospital admissions 3 $61,000
Chronic bronchitis 2 $880,000
Asthma ER visits 2 <$1,000

Source: "Find Your Risk from Power Plant Pollution," Clean Air Task Force interactive table, accessed March 2011

Articles and Resources


  1. "EIA 923 March 2020" EIA 923 2020.
  2. "EIA 860 2014 and 2015", 860 database 2014 and 2015
  3. "What's my connection?", website, Accessed March 2010.
  4. "The Toll from Coal: An Updated Assessment of Death and Disease from America's Dirtiest Energy Source," Clean Air Task Force, September 2010.
  5. "Technical Support Document for the Powerplant Impact Estimator Software Tool," Prepared for the Clean Air Task Force by Abt Associates, July 2010

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