Sakhalin II LNG Terminal

From Global Energy Monitor
This article is part of the Global Fossil Infrastructure Tracker, a project of Global Energy Monitor.

Sakhalin II LNG Terminal is an LNG export terminal in Sakhalin, Russia.


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Project Details

Project Details, Trains 1 & 2

  • Operator: Sakhalin Energy Investment Company[1]
  • Owner: Sakhalin Energy Investment Company[1]
  • Parent: Gazprom (50%), Shell (27.5%), Mitsui (12.5%), Mitsubishi (10%)[2][1]
  • Location: Prigorodnoye, Aniva Bay, Korsakovsky District, Sakhalin , Russia
  • Coordinates: 46.6288, 142.9112 (exact)
  • Type: Export[2]
  • Capacity: 10 mtpa (5 mtpa per train)[3], 10.8 mtpa (5.4 mtpa per train)[4]
  • Status: Operating[2]
  • Start Year: 2009[2][1]

Project Details, Trains 3

  • Owner:Gazprom (50%), Shell (27.5%), Mitsui (12.5%), Mitsubishi (10%)[2]
  • Location: Prigorodnoye, Aniva Bay, Korsakovsky District, Sakhalin , Russia
  • Coordinates: 46.6288, 142.9112 (exact)
  • Type: Export[3]
  • Capacity: 5 mtpa[3]
  • Status: Cancelled[5]
  • Start Year: 2023[3]

Note: mtpa = million tonnes per year; bcfd = billion cubic feet per day


The project is supplied by the Piltun-Astokhskoye and Lunskoye Oil and Gas Fields (Russia).[6] In response to Russia's invasion of Ukraine, Shell announced it would exit all oil and gas projects involving Gazprom, including Sakhalin-2 in 2022.[7] In July 2022, Shell was reportedly assessing the implications of a Russian decree that would allow the Russian state to take over foreign companies' stakes in the project.[8]

Background, Trains 1 & 2

Sakhalin II LNG Terminal is an LNG terminal in Sakhalin, Russia.[2]

In 2015, Sakhalin LNG exported more than 500 billion cubic feet (Bcf) of gas, Seventy-two percent went to Japan, 24% to South Korea, 2% to Taiwan, and 2% to China.[9]

In February 2022, following Russia's invasion of Ukraine, Shell announced that it would exit all of its Russian operations including the Sakhalin II LNG Terminal. It was reported in April 2022 that Shell was discussing the sale of its 27.5% stake in the project with the Chinese state-run oil companies CNOOC Ltd, China National Petroleum Corp (CNPC) and Sinopec, although all of the companies refused to comment on the speculation.[10] Citing energy security reasons, Japanese Prime Minister Fumio Kishida said in March 2022 that Japan would not be withdrawing from the project in which Mitsui and Mitsubishi have 12.5% and 10% stakes respectively.[11]

Background, Train 3

Sakhalin proposed a capacity expansion by adding a third train. As of 2017, it had not yet reached a final investment decision.[12]

International Gas Union reported in 2017 that a third liquefaction and purification train at Sakhali LNG has been delayed in part by sanctions imposed against the development of the Yuzhno-Kirinskoye natural gas field, which was to feed to Sakhali.[12] In July 2019 Russian President Vladimir Putin met with Shell CEO Ben Van Buerden to secure additional investments by Shell in Russia, after which Shell announced a plan to build 260 additional gas stations, but did not announce further commitments to a Sakhalin II expansion.[13]

In November 2019, Reuters reported that the plans for the third line have been put on hold, citing a lack of gas resources as well as the international sanctions regime imposed on Russia as the main reasons.[5]

Articles and resources


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 International Group of Liquefied Natural Gas Importers (May 24, 2022). "Annual Report 2022 Edition" (PDF). GIIGNL. Retrieved July 11, 2022.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 Sakhalin II LNG Terminal, GEO, accessed April 2017
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 Russia's Gazprom plans to launch third LNG train at Sakhalin-2 in 2021, Gas Processing and LNG, accessed April 2021
  4. "GIIGNL 2021 Annual Report”, page 43, GIIGNL, accessed May 4, 2021.
  5. 5.0 5.1 Russia's Sakhalin-2 LNG plant's expansion put on hold – sources, Reuters, Nov. 1, 2019
  6. "Sakhalin-2 – an overview". Retrieved 2022-06-28.
  7. "Japan-backed Sakhalin-2 LNG project rocked by Shell exit". Nikkei Asia. Retrieved 2022-06-28.
  8. Staff, LNG Prime (2022-07-01). "Shell says assessing implications of Russia's Sakhalin LNG move". LNG Prime. Retrieved 2022-07-05.
  9. "Arctic Will Make Novatek Biggest LNG Exporter," The Maritime Executive, Jun. 30, 2017
  10. Radhika Anilkumar, Muyu Xu, Chen Aizhu, "Shell in talks with Chinese firms to sell stake in Russian gas project - The Telegraph," Reuters, Apr. 22, 2022
  11. Kantaro Komiya, Kiyoshi Takenaka, "Japan will not abandon Sakhalin-2 LNG stake, PM Kishida says," Reuters, Mar. 31, 2022
  12. 12.0 12.1 "2017 World LNG Report" International Gas Union, Accessed June 20, 2017.
  13. Russia's Putin seeks to woo Shell back to LNG projects, BNE Intellinews, Jul. 19, 2019

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