Shivani Coal Mine
|This article is part of the Global Coal Mine Tracker, a project of Global Energy Monitor.|
The Shivani Opencast Coal Mine is a proposed mine located in Wardha Valley coal mines in Maharashtra state, India. The mine is part of the Yekona-II Extension block. Yekona-II Extension block forms the northern part of the Wardha Valley Coalfield.
The satellite image below shows the area of the proposed mine in Shivani village, Yavatmal District, Maharashtra.
Background on Mine
The Shivani Opencast Mine has a proposed normative capacity of 1.25 million ton-per-annum and a peak capacity of 1.4375 million ton-per-annum. The mine is owned by Western Coalfields Limited, a subsidiary of Coal India Limited. The presence of coal in the Yekona-II extension block was proved in scout drilling by Mineral Exploration Corporation Limited (MECL) in December 1991. A geological note "Status note on exploration for coal in Manegaon and Yekona area, Wardha Valley Coalfield" was prepared by MECL in January 1992. The main consumers of the proposed mine are thermal plants of MAHAGENCO. The life of the proposed mine is 20 years.
Wardha river flows in between the Yekona-II Mine and the proposed Shivani Opencast Mine..
Scrapping of the River Regulatory Zone (RRZ) Policy
The RRZ policy was notified through a Government Resolution dated 15.07.2000, of the Maharashtra State through which rivers basins were divided into 4 zones/categories from A1 to A4 and each zone had specific regulations about siting industries and sewage from settlements on river banks. The zones were based on water quality.
The Maharashtra Government vide Government Resolution dated 3rd February 2015 revoked the RRZ policy. The state government’s decision to scrap the policy will pave way for the proposed Western Coalfield mines and expansions projects proposed in Wardha valley. These mines were in the close range of 1,200metres or less from Wardha river and held up for years due to RRZ policy.
The proposed mines that would be benefited by scrapping of RRZ policy include Mungoli opencast mine (WCL, Wani area), Dhorwasa opencast mine, (WCL, Majri area), Ukni Deep opencast mine (WCL, Wani North area), Telwasa opencast mine (WCL, Majri area), Naigaon opencast mine (WCL, Wani area), Yekona-I and Yekona-II opencast mines (both in WCL, Majri area).
- Sponsor: Western Coalfields Limited
- Parent company: Coal India Limited
- Location: Shivani Village, Wani Tehsil, Yavatmal District, Maharashtra, India
- GPS coordinates: 20.234722, 78.906388 (approximate)
- Status: Proposed
- Production Capacity: 1.4375 million tons per year
- Total Resource: 23.33 million tonnes
- Mineable Reserves: 18.90 million tonnes
- Coal Type: Non-coking coal
- Mine Size: 780 hectares
- Mine Type: Surface
- Start Year:
- Source of Financing:
- Permits and Applications:Terms of Reference of Shivani Opencast Mine, India MoEF&CC, 23 March, 2012; EIA Summary for Public Hearing, Western Coalfields, August 2012;EIA, Western Coalfields, March 2014; Environmental Clearance of Shivani Opencast Mine, India MoEF&CC, 24 December, 2014
Articles and Resources
- EIA of Shivani Opencast Mine, Western Coalfields, March 2014
- EC of Shivani Opencast Mine India MoEF&CC, 24 December 2014
- Maharashtra scraps River Regulation Zone : Pandering to industry at the cost of Rivers and People, SANDRP, 12 February 2015
- 7 WCL mines to benefit from scrapping of RRZ policy, Times of India, 29 March 2015