Stanton Energy Center

From Global Energy Monitor

Curtis H. Stanton Energy Center is a 929.0-megawatt (MW) coal-fired power station owned and operated by the City of Orlando, Florida. The power station co-fires with landfill gas.[1]


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Plant Data


The Stanton Energy Center is owned by 3 companies, Orlando Utilities, Florida Municipal Power Agency and the Kissimmee Utility Authority, the first 2 released their ownership percentages in their financial filings but KUA did not. The exact percentages may variate in reality but this is the closest sources i could find.

Emissions Data

  • 2006 CO2 Emissions: 6,534,109 tons
  • 2006 SO2 Emissions:
  • 2006 SO2 Emissions per MWh:
  • 2006 NOx Emissions:
  • 2005 Mercury Emissions:

Death and disease attributable to fine particle pollution from the Stanton Energy Center

In 2010, Abt Associates issued a study commissioned by the Clean Air Task Force, a nonprofit research and advocacy organization, quantifying the deaths and other health effects attributable to fine particle pollution from coal-fired power plants.[6] The study found that over 13,000 deaths and tens of thousands of cases of chronic bronchitis, acute bronchitis, asthma-related episodes and asthma-related emergency room visits, congestive heart failure, acute myocardial infarction, dysrhythmia, ischemic heart disease, chronic lung disease, peneumonia each year are attributable to fine particle pollution from U.S. coal-fired power plants. Fine particle pollution is formed from a combination of soot, acid droplets, and heavy metals formed from sulfur dioxide, nitrogen oxide, and soot. Among those particles, the most dangerous are the smallest (smaller than 2.5 microns), which are so tiny that they can evade the lung's natural defenses, enter the bloodstream, and be transported to vital organs. Impacts are especially severe among the elderly, children, and those with respiratory disease. Low-income and minority populations are disproportionately impacted as well, due to the tendency of companies to avoid locating power plants upwind of affluent communities.

The table below estimates the death and illness attributable to the Stanton Energy Center. Abt assigned a value of $7,300,000 to each 2010 mortality, based on a range of government and private studies. Valuations of illnesses ranged from $52 for an asthma episode to $440,000 for a case of chronic bronchitis.[7]

Table 1: Death and disease attributable to fine particle pollution from the Stanton Energy Center

Type of Impact Annual Incidence Valuation
Deaths 11 $78,000,000
Heart attacks 15 $1,600,000
Asthma attacks 150 $8,000
Hospital admissions 7 $180,000
Chronic bronchitis 6 $2,700,000
Asthma ER visits 9 $3,000

Source: "Find Your Risk from Power Plant Pollution," Clean Air Task Force interactive table, accessed February 2011


In December 2018, residents living near the Stanton plant filed a lawsuit claiming that plant owner Orlando Utilities Commission are exposing residents to toxic chemicals and radioactive elements contained primarily in airborne dust from coal ash, and that rare adult cancers and pediatric cancers have been on the rise in nearby neighborhoods. The lawsuit claims an investigation of soil at homes north of the coal plants found radioactive polonium and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, both cancer-causing byproducts of burning coal, at levels exceeding government limits. Lawyers are seeking class-action status for the suit.[8] The class action was filed on March 27, 2019.[9]

Stanton ranked 1st on list of most polluting power plants in terms of coal waste

In January 2009, Sue Sturgis of the Institute of Southern Studies compiled a list of the 100 most polluting coal plants in the United States in terms of coal combustion waste (CCW) stored in surface impoundments like the one involved in the TVA Kingston Fossil Plant coal ash spill.[10] The data came from the EPA's Toxics Release Inventory (TRI) for 2006, the most recent year available.[11]

Stanton Energy Center ranked number 1 on the list, with 8,423,056 pounds of coal combustion waste released to surface impoundments in 2006.[10]

As of August 2022, the 90 acre coal ash landfill was continuing to contaminate local groundwater. The landfill evades EPA environmental protections due to an unclosed loophole in the 2015 coal ash rule.[12]

Citizen groups

Proposed IGCC plant

Southern Company, in partnership with the Orlando Utilities Commission and the U.S. Department of Energy, proposed to build a 285 MW IGCC coal plant at the Stanton Energy Center. The project received a Department of Energy pledge of US$293 million in long-term loans.[13]

In November 2007, Southern Company took the unusual step of canceling the project two months after ground had been broken.[14] The company cited concerns that Florida Governor Charlie Crist would press for additional carbon controls.[15]

IGCC Project Details

Sponsor: Orlando Utilities Comm. / Southern Company/ DOE
Location: Orange County, FL
Size: 285 MW
Type: IGCC
Projected in service: 2010
Status: Cancelled 11/07

Articles and Resources


  1. Landfill Gas: Turning Trash Into Energy, Orlando Utilities Commission, accessed September 2022.
  2. 2.0 2.1 "2019 financials", accessed October 18, 2020
  3. 3.0 3.1 "Financial Statements", accessed October 18, 2020
  4. "EIA 923 July 2020" EIA 923 July 2020.
  5. 5.0 5.1 "Orlando Utility Pulling Plug on Coal-Fired Generation", October 14, 2020
  6. "The Toll from Coal: An Updated Assessment of Death and Disease from America's Dirtiest Energy Source," Clean Air Task Force, September 2010.
  7. "Technical Support Document for the Powerplant Impact Estimator Software Tool," Prepared for the Clean Air Task Force by Abt Associates, July 2010
  8. "Lawsuit alleging contamination from Orlando coal plants may take in more east Orange neighborhoods," Orlando Sentinel, Feb 20, 2019
  9. CASE NO: 6:19-cv-268-Orl-37TBS, Orlando U.S. district court, March 27, 2019
  10. 10.0 10.1 Sue Sturgis, "Coal's ticking timebomb: Could disaster strike a coal ash dump near you?," Institute for Southern Studies, January 4, 2009.
  11. TRI Explorer, EPA, accessed January 2009.
  12. EPA Faces Lawsuit for Exempting Half a Billion Tons of Toxic Coal Ash from Health Protections, Earthjustice, August 25, 2022.
  13. "Stopping the Coal Rush", Sierra Club, accessed January 2008. (This is a Sierra Club list of new coal plant proposals.)
  14. “Southern Company Scraps Florida Advanced Clean-coal Plant,” Reuters UK, November 14, 2007.
  15. "IGCC Stumbles and Falls in the U.S.: The Spate of Cancellations Is Becoming a Flood," Modern Power Systems, November 26, 2007.

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