Talwandi Sabo Power Project

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Talwandi Sabo Power Project is an operating power station of at least 1980-megawatts (MW) in Banawala, Mansa, Punjab state, India with multiple units, some of which are not currently operating.


Table 1: Project-level location details

Plant name Location Coordinates (WGS 84)
Talwandi Sabo Power Project Banawala, Mansa, Mansa, Punjab state, India 29.92458, 75.238929 (exact)

The map below shows the exact location of the power station.

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Unit-level coordinates (WGS 84):

  • Unit 1, Unit 2, Unit 3, Unit 4: 29.92458, 75.238929

Project Details

Table 2: Unit-level details

Unit name Status Fuel(s) Capacity (MW) Technology Start year Retired year
Unit 1 operating coal - bituminous 660 supercritical 2014
Unit 2 operating coal - bituminous 660 supercritical 2015
Unit 3 operating coal - bituminous 660 supercritical 2016
Unit 4 cancelled coal - unknown 660 unknown

Table 3: Unit-level ownership and operator details

Unit name Owner
Unit 1 Sterlite Energy Ltd [100.0%]
Unit 2 Sterlite Energy Ltd [100.0%]
Unit 3 Sterlite Energy Ltd [100.0%]
Unit 4 Sterlite Energy Ltd [100.0%]

Project-level coal details

  • Permit(s): July 11, 2008 – Environmental Clearance; Environmental Clearance Extension: 2013-09-30


Source of financing: Units 1-3: US$2,241.3 million in debt[1]


The proposed power station is being promoted by Talwandi Sabo Power Limited, a special project company created by the State of Punjab for the project but which is now a wholly owned subsidiary of the private firm Vendanta Limited.[2]

The original proposal was for a 4 x 500MW power station, which was granted environmental clearance (EC) in 2008.[3] An EC extension was granted in 2013, at which time the power station was to be 3 units of 660MW each.[4] A proposal for a fourth additional 660 MW at the same site had been cancelled.[5]

Unit 1 was inaugurated in December 2013 but did not become fully operational until June 2014. Units 2 and 3 were planned to become operational in 2014-5, once a coal linkage is also secured for these units.[6] Commissioning of the second unit was tried in January 2015, but the attempt failed due to a fire incident. Units 2 and 3 are now planned for operation in May and July 2015, respectively, although the company said it may be later.[7][8] Unit 2 was commissioned on 30 October 2015.[9]

On its website, updated August 8, 2015, Vedanta Limited states that unit 2 is under trial run and unit 3 is planned for synchronization in FY 2015-16.[10]

Unit 2 was commissioned in October 2015 and unit 3 in March 2016.[11]

Financing for Units 1-3

In October 2015, a financing agreement for US$2,241.3 million in loans was closed. The source of the loans is not available. SBI Capital Markets acted as financial adviser to the sponsor, and Power Finance Corporation acted as financial adviser to the awarding authority.[1]

SEPCO involvement

Engineering and construction for the project is being conducted by the Chinese company Shandong Electric Power Construction Corporation (SEPCO), based in east China's Shandong Province. SEPCO has already worked on projects for Sterlite in Orissa and elsewhere.[12]

MoEF Compliance report

The Ministry of Environment and Forestry approved the project on March 25, 2010. The clearance number is J-13011/24/2008-IA.II. The company posted the 6-month compliance report for the project for the period April 2011 to September 2011 on its website.[13]

Environmental impact

A November 2023 report by the Centre for Science and Environment (CSE) argued that the ongoing air pollution crisis in the New Delhi National Capital Region (NCR) had been made worse by the failure of nine out of 11 coal plants in the region to comply with air pollution standards. The Talwandi Sabo Power Project reportedly exceeded standards for sulphur dioxide emissions during the 17-month reporting period from April 2022 to August 2023. After repeatedly postponing emissions compliance deadlines, the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change set the power station's compliance deadline for 2026.[14][15]

Articles and Resources


  1. 1.0 1.1 "Preview of Talwandi Sabo Coal Plant (1980MW) | Transaction | IJGlobal". ijglobal.com. Retrieved 2020-10-27.
  2. "Overview", Talwandi Sabo Power Limited website, accessed March 2012.
  3. Environmental Clearance, India MoEF, July 11, 2008.
  4. Environmental Clearance Extension, India MoEF, September 30, 2013.
  5. Shubhashish and Katya B Naidu, "Sterlite shelves expansion of Talwandi Sabo project," Business Standard, November 7, 2012
  6. "First unit of Talwandi Sabo Power Ltd. plant starts production," News on projects, June 21, 2014.
  7. VK Gupta, "Huge slippage in commissioning of Talwandi Sabo's units," Merinews, Apr 13, 2015
  8. "Broad Status of Thermal Power Projects in Punjab," India CEA, Feb 2015
  9. Monthly Report on Broad Status of Thermal Power Projects in the Country, Central Electricity Authority, November 2015
  10. "Power," Vedanta Limited website, accessed August 2015
  11. "Monthly Report on Broad Status of Thermal Power Projects in the Country," Government of India Ministry of Power, March 2016
  12. "Chinese company to build 1980 MW Talwandi Sabo thermal plant," Punjab Newsline, accessed March 2012
  13. "Talwandi Sabo Power Limited Six Month Compliance Report," April 2011 to September 2011
  14. "Environmental Status of Coal-Based Thermal Power Plants in the National Capital Region," Centre for Science and Environment, November 24, 2023
  15. "11 coal-based power plants around Capital not complying with emission norms: Study," Energy Central, November 27, 2023

Additional data

To access additional data, including an interactive map of coal-fired power stations, a downloadable dataset, and summary data, please visit the Global Coal Plant Tracker on the Global Energy Monitor website.