TurkStream Gas Pipeline
|This article is part of the Global Fossil Infrastructure Tracker, a project of Global Energy Monitor.|
TurkStream Gas Pipeline, also known as the Turkish Stream Gas Pipeline, is a gas pipeline delivering Russian gas to Turkey's gas transmission network.
The parallel pipelines enter the water near Anapa, on the Russian coast, and come ashore on the Turkish coast almost 100 kilometers west of Istanbul, near the village of Kiyikoy.
- Operator: Gazprom
- Parent Company: Gazprom and Botas Petroleum Pipeline Corporation
- Proposed capacity: 15.75 bcm/year
- Length: 930 kilometers / 578 miles
- Cost: US$7.8 billion
- Finance: €2.14 billion (US$2.5 billion) loan from Gazprom to its subsidiary South Stream Transport B.V. which oversaw the construction of the project
- Status: Operating
- Start Year: 2020
The project seeks to replace an older gas delivery system that runs through Ukraine, and provide a direct connection to Russian gas reserves for Turkey and other European markets.
A memorandum of understanding (MoU) was signed between Gazprom and Turkish company Botaş Petroleum Pipeline Corporation in December 2014 for the construction of the offshore gas pipeline. In June 2015, A permit was issued by Turkish authorities for conducting engineering surveys for the offshore section. Greece and Russia signed a memorandum of co-operation pertaining to the construction and operation of the pipeline on Greek territory, in the same month.
The pipeline's construction began in May 2015, with Gazprom being responsible for constructing the offshore section, whereas the Turkish gas transportation facilities will be built together.
The TurkStream pipeline project consists of two parallel pipelines each with the ability to deliver up to 15.75 bcm/year. The pipeline will transport gas from Russia's gas fields to Turkey along with Southern and Southeastern European markets. The project is currently scheduled to be commissioned in 2019. In July 2019 Russia's Energy Minister Alexander Novak announced that the TurkStream 2 Gas Pipeline would run through Bulgaria, Serbia, and Hungary.
In January 2021, Gazprom announced that a total of six European countries are receiving Russian gas supplies via TurkStream: Bosnia, Bulgaria, Greece, North Macedonia, Romania and Serbia.
The pipeline will begin at the Russkaya compressor station near Anapa on the Russian coast of the Black Sea and run approximately 230km in Russia's territory in the Black Sea. The remaining 700km of the offshore pipeline will lie within Turkey’s Exclusive Economic Zone. The onshore section will stretch for 180km from the Black Sea coast of Turkey to the Turkish-Greek border. It will connect to Kiyikoy village, 100km west of Istanbul, in the European part of Turkey and run further to Ipsala on the border between Turkey and Greece, via Luleburgaz.
Articles and resources
- Project, Turkstream, accessed May 2020
- Todd Prince, Russia Launches Into New Export Territory With TurkStream Natural-Gas Pipeline, Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty, Jan. 7, 2020
- Russia's Gazprom says loans 2.14 billion Euro to TurkStream operator, The Economic Times, Jun. 4, 2018
- PJSC Gazprom (2019). "PJSC Gazprom Annual Report" (PDF). Gazprom. Retrieved October 6, 2020.
- Turkstream Pipeline, Offshore Technology, accessed April, 2018
- Turkstream Gas Pipeline, Hydrocarbons Technology, accessed April, 2018
- UPDATE 1-TurkStream 2nd leg to go via Bulgaria, Serbia and Hungary, Reuters, Jul. 26, 2019
- Turkish Stream Pipeline is Almost Finished, Gazprom Says, The Moscow Times, Jul. 10, 2019
- TurkStream: Russia’s Newest Gas Pipeline to Europe, Congressional Research Service, Feb. 5, 2020
- Russia's Gazprom begins gas deliveries to Serbia, Bosnia via TurkStream pipeline, Reuters, Jan. 1, 2021