Usiminas Ipatinga steel plant

From Global Energy Monitor

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This article is part of the Global Steel Plant Tracker, a project of Global Energy Monitor.
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Usiminas Ipatinga steel plant (Usina siderúrgica Usiminas Ipatinga), also known as Usina Siderúrgica Intendente Câmara, is a blast furnace-basic oxygen furnace (BF-BOF) steel plant in Ipatinga, Minas Gerais, Brazil.[1][2] The plant operates three blast furnaces (BF)[3] and five basic oxygen furnaces (BOF).[4]

Location

The map below shows the location of the steel plant in Ipatinga, Minas Gerais, Brazil.

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Background

Usiminas (Usinas Siderurgicas de Minas Gerais SA) is Brazil's leading producer of flat steel, with a combined capacity of 9.5 million tons at all of its steel plants (including 3.5 million tons at the Ipatinga plant) and access to 2.6 billion tons of iron ore reserves.[5]

The company's Ipatinga plant, founded in April 1956 in what was to become known as the Vale do Aço (Steel Valley), was the first large steel mill in the mineral-rich Brazilian state of Minas Gerais. In October 1962, Brazilian president João Goulart lit the first blast furnace, officially inaugurating commercial operations at the plant.[2][6]

The Ipatinga plant had an initial steel production capacity of 500 tons per annum, but grew steadily during its first decade of operation, doubling capacity to 1 million tpa by the start of the 1970s and reaching 3.5 million tpa with the inauguration of the plant's third blast furnace in 1973.[5]

The Usiminas Ipatinga plant originally developed as a public-private partnership between the Brazilian federal government, the state government of Minas Gerais, and private Japanese investors.[6] In 2011, the Italian-Argentine conglomerate Techint acquired an ownership stake in Usiminas through its subsidiaries Ternium and Tenaris.[7]

The Usiminas Ipatinga plant is a leading producer of slabs, plates and coiled plates, hot- and cold-rolled sheets and coils, hot-dip and electrolytic galvanized sheets, and other coated sheets and coils.[1][8] Its products serve customers in the automotive, railroad, highway machinery, shipbuilding, civil construction, agricultural, capital goods, electrical-electronic, white goods (domestic appliances), machinery and energy sectors.[7][8]

In May 2019, Usiminas announced that it would invest R$1.2 billion to overhaul blast furnace 3, the largest of Ipatinga's furnaces, by 2022.[9]

In April 2020, two of Usiminas Ipatinga's three blast furnaces (the 700,000-tpa blast furnace No. 1 and 600,000-tpa blast furnace No. 2) were shut down indefinitely in response to the suspension of Brazil's automotive industry due to Covid-19. With automakers accounting for more than a third of the demand for Brazilian steel, analysts were reportedly anticipating a 50% dropoff in sales from the Ipatinga plant in the second quarter of 2020.[10] Blast furnace No. 1 resumed operations in late August 2020, while the 2.2 million-tpa blast furnace No. 3 remained operational throughout the pandemic.[11]

Plant Details

  • Alternative plant names: Usina Siderúrgica Intendente Câmara
  • Other language plant name: Usina Siderúrgica Usiminas Ipatinga (Portuguese)
  • Location: Av. Pedro Linhares Gomes, 5431 - Usiminas, Ipatinga, Minas Gerais, 35160-900, Brazil[12][13]
  • GPS Coordinates: -19.491277, -42.544253 (exact)
  • Plant status: operating[14]
  • Start year: 1962 (age 59–60)[2]
  • Production capacities (thousand tonnes per annum):
  • 2020 Production (thousand tonnes per annum):
    • Crude steel: 3167 (BF-BOF)[1]
    • Pig iron (hot metal): 2760[12]

Articles and resources

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.7 "Pocket Yearbook 2021: A Siderurgia em Números" (PDF). Instituto Aço Brasil. June 2021.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 "Aço Brasil: uma viagem pela industria do aço" (PDF). instituto Aço Brasil. November 2013.
  3. 3.0 3.1 "Sustainability Report 2020 (p 57)" (PDF). Usiminas. June 2, 2021.
  4. 4.0 4.1 "2021 AIST Basic Oxygen Furnace Roundup". AIST (Association for Iron & Steel Technology). Retrieved 2022-02-08.
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 "Usiminas: Reinventando su propia historia" (PDF). Alacero. Retrieved 2020-09-15.
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 "O nascimento de um gigante". Diário do Aço. October 25, 2016.
  7. 7.0 7.1 "Techint Group companies expand their activities in Brazil". Techint Engineering & Construction. November 2011.
  8. 8.0 8.1 8.2 8.3 "Our Products". Usiminas. Retrieved 2022-02-08.
  9. 9.0 9.1 "Usiminas usará caixa próprio em reforma de R$1,2 bi de alto forno em MG". Reuters. May 27, 2019.
  10. 10.0 10.1 "Parada de dois altos-fornos mostra Usiminas pessimista com retomada do consumo, dizem analistas". Valor Econômico. April 4, 2020.
  11. 11.0 11.1 11.2 "Usiminas retoma operações do alto-forno 1 em Ipatinga". Usiminas. August 26, 2020.
  12. 12.0 12.1 12.2 12.3 "Anuário Estatístico 2021" (PDF). Instituto Aço Brasil. July 2021.
  13. "Onde Estamos - Usiminas". Usiminas. Retrieved 2020-07-18.
  14. 14.0 14.1 14.2 14.3 14.4 "Usiminas volta a operar com sua plena capacidade". Diário do Comércio. June 15, 2021.
  15. 15.0 15.1 15.2 "Conheça um pouco mais das empresas Usiminas". Usiminas. 2020-10-22.
  16. "Principais Acionistas". Usiminas. Retrieved 2020-09-15.
  17. "Usiminas reativa alto forno em Minas Gerais para atender crescimento de demanda por aço". Reuters. April 17, 2018.
  18. "Our Markets". Usiminas. Retrieved 2022-02-08.
  19. "Certificações". Usiminas. Retrieved 2022-02-08.
  20. "Usiminas retoma as operações do Alto-Forno 2 em Ipatinga". Usiminas. 2021-06-14.
  21. Alvarenga Borges, Ronaldo Adriano (2016). "Otimização do carregamento dos fornos de produção de aço (convertedores LD) minimizando custo (p 11)" (PDF). Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais.
  22. "Brazil's Usiminas to replace BOF converter No. 5". Steel Orbis. May 18, 2021.
  23. 23.0 23.1 "Usiminas pode ampliar em vez de construir". O Tempo: Economia. April 25, 2013.
  24. 24.0 24.1 "Usiminas fecha acordo com chineses para coqueria em Ipatinga-MG". CNMCUT. July 18, 2007.

External resources

External articles

This page uses material from the Wikipedia page Usiminas under the provisions of the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License.