Adriatica Pipeline

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Adriatica Pipeline, known locally as Rete Adriatica and Linea Adriatica, is a natural gas pipeline system in Italy.[1][2][3]

Location

The three currently operating phases of the pipeline run from Massafra (Apulia) to Sulmona (Abruzzo), passing through Biccari (Puglia) and Campochiaro (Molise).[2]

The remaining three phases of the pipeline will start at the compressor station currently under construction at Sulmona and run north to Minerbio (Emilia Romagna), passing en route through Foligno (Umbria) and Sestino (Tuscany).[1][2][4]

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Project Details

  • Owner: SNAM Rete Gas S.p.A.
  • Current Capacity: 24 million cubic meters per day / 8.8 billion cubic meters per year
  • Length:
    • Phase 1 (Massafra to Biccari): 195 km / 121 miles[3]
    • Phase 2 (Biccari to Campochiaro): 73 km / 45 miles[3]
    • Campochiaro to Sulmona pipeline: 94 km / 58 miles[5]
    • Phase 3 (Sulmona to Foligno): 170 km / 106 miles[3]
    • Phase 4 (Foligno to Sestino): 114 km / 71 miles[3]
    • Phase 5 (Sestino to Minerbio): 141 km / 88 miles[3]
  • Status: Proposed
    • Phase 1: Operating[3]
    • Phase 2: Operating[3]
    • Campochiaro to Sulmona pipeline: Operating[6]
    • Phase 3: Proposed[3]
    • Phase 4: Proposed[3]
    • Phase 5: Proposed[7]
  • Start Year:
    • Phase 1: 2012[3]
    • Phase 2: 2016[3]
    • Campochiaro to Sulmona pipeline: 2005[6]
    • Phase 3: 2027[7]
    • Phase 4: 2027[7]
    • Phase 5: 2027[7]
  • Diameter:
    • Phase 1 (Massafra to Biccari): 1200 mm / 48 inches[8]
    • Phase 2 (Biccari to Campochiaro): 1200 mm / 48 inches[9]
    • Campochiaro to Sulmona pipeline: 1200 mm / 48 inches[10]
    • Phase 3 (Sulmona to Foligno): 1200 mm / 48 inches[7]
    • Phase 4 (Foligno to Sestino): 1200 mm / 48 inches[7]
    • Phase 5 (Sestino to Minerbio): 1200 mm / 48 inches[7]

Background

The Adriatica Pipeline is a key component of Italy's natural gas transport network. Three of the pipeline's phases are currently operational, with another under construction and two more awaiting government authorization.[3]

The pipeline, when completed, will transport gas from southeastern Italy to the northern region of Emilia Romagna. The pipeline was originally designed to run along Italy's Adriatic (eastern) coast, paralleling the existing Trans-Mediterranean Gas Pipeline, which runs up Italy's Tyrrhenian (western) coast. However, due to the high concentration of population centers along the Adriatic, the pipeline's proposed course was rerouted inland through the Apennine Mountains.[11][12]

At its southern terminus, the Adriatica Pipeline connects with the Matagiola-Massafra Gas Pipeline, which in turn feeds into the TAP Interconnection Gas Pipeline, ultimately connecting with the Trans-Adriatic Gas Pipeline, a major component of the Southern Gas Corridor (SGC) development, which brings natural gas from Azerbaijan to Europe.

The Rete Adriatica project is being built in five phases, as follows:

  • Phase 1: Massafra to Biccari
  • Phase 2: Biccari to Campochiaro
  • Phase 3: Sulmona to Foligno
  • Phase 4: Foligno to Sestino
  • Phase 5: Sestino to Minerbio[3]

These five phases are designed to interconnect with the pre-existing Campochiaro-Sulmona pipeline[13], which has been operating since 2005.[6]

Environmental licensing for Phase 1 (the southernmost 195-kilometer section between Massafra and Biccari, which passes through the regions of Apulia and Basilicata) was initiated in 2004 and concluded in 2009[14] Construction of this initial section commenced in 2010[15] and commercial operations began in 2012.[16]

Phase 2 between Biccari and Campochiaro has been operating since 2016.[3] As of July 2019, the final three phases remain unfinished.[2]

The 430-kilometer northern section of pipeline between Sulmona and Minerbio, together with the new Sulmona compressor station, have been approved for inclusion on the European Commission's Projects of Common Interest list, meaning that they can apply to receive public funding from the EU. According to the European Commission, "The project consists in a new onshore pipeline of approx. 430 km and in a new compressor station of 33 MW that will create a new transmission capacity of approximately 24 MCM/day (264 GWh/day) to transport gas from new or existing entry points in the south of Italy."[1] The European Network of Transmission System Operators for Gas (ENTSOG), an industry group, puts the overall cost of the Phase 3, Phase 4 and Phase 5 projects at €1.384 billion (US$1.65 billion).[17]

Identifiers

ENTSOG lists the Adriatica Pipeline under the project code TRA-N-7 (sometimes written TRA-N-007).[4]

SNAM refers to the proposed phases:

  • Phase 3 (Sulmona to Foligno): IT_SRG_RN_04_a[7]
  • Phase 4 (Foligno to Sestino): IT_SRG_RN_04_b[7]
  • Phase 5 (Sestino to Minerbio): IT_SRG_RN_04_c[7]

Opposition

The Adriatica Pipeline has generated considerable opposition locally and throughout Italy, with the protest movement gaining national attention[18] and receiving support from leading Italian environmental groups such as Legambiente.[19] Protests against the plant have focused on the pipeline's vulnerability to earthquakes due to its proposed route through several of Italy's most active seismic zones, and the negative impacts of constructing a 12-hectare compressor plant in the community of Sulmona (population 24,000).[11][12][18][19][20][21]

Articles and resources

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 "Reinforcement of internal transmission capacities in Italy,including reinforcement of the South-North internal transmission capacities," European Commission, accessed December 11, 2019
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 "Un progetto strategico per il Paese". SNAM. Retrieved 2020-09-23.
  3. 3.00 3.01 3.02 3.03 3.04 3.05 3.06 3.07 3.08 3.09 3.10 3.11 3.12 3.13 3.14 "Sicurezza del tracciato". SNAM. Retrieved 2020-09-23.
  4. 4.0 4.1 European Network of Transmission System Operators for Gas (October 2020). "TYNDP 2020 - MAP – Transmission" (PDF). ENTSOG. Retrieved December 4, 2020.
  5. "Metanodotto Campochiaro - Sulmona (lunghezza 94 km, diametro di 1200 mm e pressione massima di esercizio 75 bar) - Documentazione - Valutazioni e Autorizzazioni Ambientali - VAS - VIA - AIA". Minambiente (Italian Ministry of the Environment). Retrieved 2020-09-23.
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 "Metanodotto Campochiaro - Sulmona". SNAM. November 22, 2005.
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 7.3 7.4 7.5 7.6 7.7 7.8 7.9 SNAM RETE GAS (2021). "Piano decennale di sviluppo della rete di trasporto di gas naturale 2021-2030" (PDF). SNAM. Archived (PDF) from the original on August 19, 2021. Retrieved August 19, 2021.
  8. "Inizio dei lavori del metanodotto Massafra-Biccari". www.snam.it (in italiano). Retrieved 2021-08-19.
  9. "Metanodotto Biccari-Campochiaro DN 1200 mm (48") P = 75 bar - Info - Valutazioni e Autorizzazioni Ambientali - VAS - VIA - AIA". va.minambiente.it (in italiano). Retrieved 2021-08-19.
  10. "Campochiaro-Sulmona Pipeline". www.snam.it. Retrieved 2021-08-19.
  11. 11.0 11.1 "Metanodotto "Rete adriatica" Massafra – Minerbio e centrale di compressione di Sulmona". Environmental Justice Atlas. Retrieved 2020-09-23.
  12. 12.0 12.1 "Settecento chilometri di lotte. Parte dall'Abruzzo l'opposizione al metanodotto Rete Adriatica". NapoliMONiTOR. January 8, 2020.
  13. "Resoconto Stenografico no. 5 (p. 3)" (PDF). Senato della Repubblica. April 2, 2015.
  14. "Metanodotto Massafra-Biccari DN 1200 mm (48") P = 75 bar - Documentazione - Valutazioni e Autorizzazioni Ambientali - VAS - VIA - AIA". Minambiente (Italian Ministry of the Environment). Retrieved 2020-09-23.
  15. "Inizio dei lavori del metanodotto Massafra-Biccari". SNAM. March 5, 2010.
  16. "Metanodotto Massafra-Biccari DN 1200 mm (48") P = 75 bar - Documentazione - Valutazioni e Autorizzazioni Ambientali - VAS - VIA - AIA". Minambiente (Italian Ministry of the Environment). Retrieved 2020-09-23.
  17. "Ten-Year Network Development Plan 2020: Annex A – Project Tables," European Network of Transmission System Operators for Gas, accessed Nov. 30, 2020
  18. 18.0 18.1 "Sulmona fra gas, ruspe, rischio sismico e resistenza". La Bottega del Barbieri. April 9, 2018.
  19. 19.0 19.1 "RETE ADRIATICA: IL GASDOTTO SNAM CHE VUOLE ATTRAVERSARE L'APPENNINO". Change Climate Change | Legambiente.
  20. "Centrale Snam Sulmona: il Comune ricorre al Consiglio di Stato". Energia Oltre. July 3, 2019.
  21. "Sulmona, metanodotto: i "No Snam" chiedono sopralluogo al cantiere". Rete8. 2020-07-08.

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