ArcelorMittal Lázaro Cárdenas steel plant

From Global Energy Monitor

[español]

This article is part of the Global Steel Plant Tracker, a project of Global Energy Monitor.
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ArcelorMittal Lázaro Cárdenas steel plant (Siderúrgica Lázaro Cárdenas (Spanish)) (also known as Las Truchas and Sicartsa (predecessor)) is a 6400-thousand tonnes per annum (ttpa) nan steel plant in Michoacán, in Mexico. ArcelorMittal Lázaro Cárdenas steel plant operates a blast furnace (BF), basic oxygen furnace (BOF), direct reduced iron (DRI) plant, and electric arc furnace (EAF).

Location

The map below shows the exact location of the steel plant in Lázaro Cárdenas, in Mexico.

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Background

Occupying a nearly 1000-hectare site on Mexico's Pacific coast, ArcelorMittal Lázaro Cárdenas is Mexico's largest steel plant. The plant commenced operations in 1976 as a government-owned enterprise under the name Sicartsa (Siderúrgica Lázaro Cárdenas – Las Truchas).[1][2]

The plant's 6.4 million tons of steel-making capacity are split between two units. The original long steel division, known initially as Sicartsa I and subsequently renamed ArcelorMittal México Aceros Largos, uses traditional blast furnace/basic oxygen furnace technology.[3] The newer flat steel division, originally named Sicartsa II and later renamed ArcelorMittal México Aceros Planos, was built in the early 1980s incorporating a variety of state-of-the-art equipment including a pelletizing plant, a battery of four electric arc furnaces, and the world's first DRI (direct reduced iron) plant using the HyL III technology pioneered by Mexican steelmaker Hylsa.[4][5]

In the early 1990s, as the Mexican government moved to privatize its national steel industry, Sicartsa I was sold to the Mexican steel company Grupo Villacero[6], while Sicartsa II was acquired by Indonesia-based Ispat International.[2]

In 2005, Ispat International merged with International Steel Group and LNM Holdings N.V. to create Mittal Steel, which in turn acquired European steel giant Arcelor S.A. in 2006 to form the international conglomerate ArcelorMittal.[7] Later that year, ArcelorMittal acquired the Sicartsa I plant from Grupo Villacero, reuniting both halves of the Lázaro Cárdenas plant under a single owner with the new name ArcelorMittal Lázaro Cárdenas.[8]

Today the long steel division, with a capacity of 2.4 million tons per annum, specializes in rod and wire rod for the construction industry[3] and accounts for roughly three eighths of the plant's production.[9] The flat steel division, with a capacity of 4 million tpa, specializes in steel slabs destined for a wide range of international markets[5], accounting for the remaining five eights of the plant's production.[9] Iron ore for the pelletizing facility is shipped directly from ArcelorMittal's Las Truchas mine to the steel plant via a 27-kilometer ferroduct.[10]

In 2017, AM Mexico said it would be adding a 2500 ttpa BOF plant at the site, representing an investment of $1 billion.[11]

In 2020, Mexican officials entered AM Mexico and shutdown part of plant; it is still unclear what happened.[12]

In 2021, the AM Mexico announced it would be completing its new BOF plant by the end of the year.[13][14] However, as of February 2022, no update on the completion of this plant has been published.

Plant Details

  • Alternative plant names: Las Truchas, Sicartsa (predecessor)
  • Other language plant name: Siderúrgica Lázaro Cárdenas (Spanish)
  • Location: Av. Francisco J. Múgica No. 1, Col. Centro, CP 60950, Cd. Lázaro Cárdenas, Michoacán, Mexico
  • GPS Coordinates: 17.930688, -102.201498 (exact)
  • Plant status: operating[15]
  • Start year: 1976[16]
  • State-owned entity status: N/A
  • Parent company: ArcelorMittal SA [100%][17]
  • Parent company PermID: 5000030092 [100%]
  • Owner: Arcelormittal Lazaro Cardenas SA de CV[17]
  • Owner company PermID: 500002014
  • Crude steel production capacities (thousand tonnes per annum): 6400.0
    • Basic oxygen furnace / Blast furnace (BOF/BF): 2600[18]
    • Electric arc furnace (EAF): 3800[15][19][20]
  • Crude Iron production capacities (thousand tonnes per annum): 4651.496
    • Pig iron/hot metal: 1451.496[21]
    • Sponge iron/Direct reduced iron: 3200[22]
    • Pellets: >0[23]
  • 2020 production (thousand tonnes per annum):
    • Crude steel (BOF): 1463[24]
    • Crude steel (EAF): 2138[24]
    • Crude iron (BF): 1140[25]
  • Additional proposed:
    • Crude steel (BOF): 2500 (under construction)[13][14]
  • Steel product category: semi-finished; finished rolled[23]
  • Steel products: rod, wire rod, billet, slab[17]
  • Steel sector end users: automotive; building and infrastructure; energy; steel packaging; transport; tools and machinery[15][17]
  • Workforce size: 8000[26]
  • ISO14001 certification: yes[23]
  • ISO50001 certification: N/A[27]
  • Main production equipment: BF, BOF, DRI, EAF[17][23]
  • Detailed production equipment: pelletizing plant; 3 DRI plants with 5 units (Midrex DRI I (1.2 MTPA, began in 1997), HYL DRI IIA (began in 1988), HYL DRI IIB (began in 1988), HYL DRI IIIA (began in 1991), HYL DRI IIIB (began in 1991)); 1 BF (began in 1976, 1712m3); 2 BOF (began in 1976); 4 EAF (began in 1988)[15][23][28]
  • Iron ore source: ArcelorMittal Las Truchas is a mining site in Lázaro Cárdenas that produces 3000 thousand metric tons per annum[29]

Articles and Resources

References

  1. "Un vistazo de ArcelorMittal México". ArcelorMittal. Retrieved 2020-09-05.
  2. 2.0 2.1 "Nuestra Historia". ArcelorMittal Mexico. Retrieved 2020-09-05.
  3. 3.0 3.1 "Aceros Largos". ArcelorMittal Mexico (in español). Retrieved 2020-09-05.
  4. "The extraordinary story of Mittal Steel". Rediff. March 17, 2005.
  5. 5.0 5.1 "Aceros Planos". ArcelorMittal Mexico. Retrieved 2020-09-05.
  6. "Mexico Will Sell 3 Big Steel Firms for $885 Million". Los Angeles Times. November 23, 1991.
  7. "ArcelorMittal acquisition timeline: historic company profile". Steel on the Net. Retrieved 2020-09-10.
  8. "Arcelor Mittal buys Mexico's Sicartsa for $1.44 bln". Reuters. December 20, 2006.
  9. 9.0 9.1 "Factbook 2019" (PDF). ArcelorMittal. April 30, 2020.
  10. "Ubicación de las Minas". ArcelorMittal Mexico (in español). Retrieved 2020-09-05.
  11. "ArcelorMittal to expand Mexican mill complex". Recycling Today. 2017-09-29. Retrieved 2022-03-09.
  12. "ArcelorMittal Mexico continues operating and producing steel for the different markets as well as serving its clients". ArcelorMittal Mexico (in español). Retrieved 2022-03-09.
  13. 13.0 13.1 Rivituso, Christopher (2021-05-18). "ArcelorMittal to complete new hot strip mill in Mexico this year". Steel, Aluminum, Copper, Stainless, Rare Earth, Metal Prices, Forecasting | MetalMiner. Retrieved 2022-03-09.
  14. 14.0 14.1 "Subsecretario de Industria y Comercio visita nuevo laminador de ArcelorMittal". ArcelorMittal Mexico (in español). Retrieved 2022-03-09.
  15. 15.0 15.1 15.2 15.3 "Aceros Planos". ArcelorMittal Mexico. Retrieved 2020-09-05.
  16. "Nuestra Historia". ArcelorMittal Mexico. Archived from the original on August 27, 2018. Retrieved January 18, 2022.
  17. 17.0 17.1 17.2 17.3 17.4 "Un vistazo de ArcelorMittal México". ArcelorMittal México (in español). Retrieved 2022-03-09.
  18. 2021 AIST Basic Oxygen Furnace Roundup, Association for Iron & Steel Technology, Jan. 2021.
  19. 2021 AIST Electric Arc Furnace Roundup, Association for Iron & Steel Technology, Jan. 2021.
  20. "Changes in a basic industry". Recycling Today. Retrieved 2022-03-09.
  21. "ECM - Reline of Blast Furnace No.1 in Lázaro Cárdenas, Mexico - ArcelorMittal". IDOM. Retrieved 2022-03-09.
  22. 2021 AIST DRI and HBI Roundup, Association for Iron & Steel Technology, Jan. 2021.
  23. 23.0 23.1 23.2 23.3 23.4 "Factbook 2019" (PDF). ArcelorMittal. April 30, 2020.
  24. 24.0 24.1 "Fact Book 2020" (PDF). ArcelorMittal. Retrieved 2022-03-09.
  25. 2021 AIST Blast Furnace Roundup, Association for Iron & Steel Technology, Jan. 2021.
  26. "ArcelorMittal mill in México questioned by local government". Recycling Today. Retrieved 2022-03-09.
  27. "ArcelorMittal Dofasco is the first integrated steel mill in North America to earn ISO 50001 energy management certification". ArcelorMittal. Retrieved 2022-03-09.
  28. "2019 Midrex Plant List". Midrex. Retrieved 2022-03-09.
  29. "Minería". ArcelorMittal Mexico (in español). Retrieved 2022-03-09.

Other resources