Balikpapan Coal Terminal

From Global Energy Monitor

Balikpapan Coal Terminal (BCT) is one of the largest coal terminals in Indonesia located in East Kalimantan province and is owned by PT Bayan Resources Tbk.


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BCT has a handling throughput capacity of 15.0 million tonnes and a stockpiling capacity of approximately one million tonnes across 16 stockpiles. Since commencing operations in 1995, BCT has handled more than 55.0 million tonnes of coal and loaded more than 1,000 vessels. In 2007, PT Bayan Resources completed the expansion of BCT, increasing annual throughput capacity by an additional six million tonnes to its current 15 million tonnes per annum.[1]

The port is capable of handling 60,000 DWT coal bulk carriers.[2] It also has a loading facility with a capacity of 4,000 tons per hour. With a computerized system to store coal, BCT mixes coal from 4 stockpiles.[3]

As of 2018, the terminal is still active.[4]

According to the 2022 Annual Report of PT Bayan Resources, BCT achieved its highest ever handling volume of 22.0 million tonnes shipped in 2022, 3.4% over the previous record set in 2021. This increase was largely attributable to the increase in coal tonnages being received from the Tabang Project.[5]

BCT's capacity is 24 million tonnes per annum.[5]


In July 2014 it was reported that Indonesia planned to build 14 dedicated coal terminals on the islands of Kalimantan and Sumatra in a bid to curb illegal coal exports. One of the proposed locations was Balikpapan (where a new terminal would be added as an addition to the existing terminal). However the government was finding it difficult to obtain private funding for the terminals in the current environment of depressed coal prices.[6] There has been no news on this proposal since 2014, so it has likely been shelved.

In its 2022 Annual Report, PT Bayan Resources Tbk stated that it has completed the majority of the design work and commenced ordering several of the major components for the Phase 5 expansion of the BCT. Phase 5 expansion will increase the throughput capacity to more than 40 million MT per annum, making it the largest coal terminal in Indonesia.[5][7]

Project Details

  • Owner: PT Dermaga Perkasapratama (DPP)[5]
  • Parent: PT Bayan Resources Tbk (87.4%)[5]
  • Annual Capacity (Tonnes): 24 million
  • Status: Operating
  • Type: Exports
  • Coal source: Indonesia

Articles and Resources


  1. "Ports and Shipping," PT Bayan Resources, accessed May 2012.
  2. "Indo Coal" Indo Coal accessed September 14, 2011.
  3. "Genma Ship Loader to Balikpapan Coal Terminal (BCT) by Genma SolutionNauticExpo". Nauticexpo. Retrieved 2021-09-06.
  4. "Genma delivers ship loader to Balikpapan Coal Terminal, Indonesia". CWGRP. 2018-09-06. Retrieved 2021-09-06.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 "2022 Annual Report" (PDF). 2023.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  6. "Indonesia's plan for dedicated coal ports will face funding issues, may hit exports: analysts," Platts, 4 July, 2014
  7. [ "Raising BCT capacity, BYAN�s subsidiary to acquire land"]. March 2022. {{cite web}}: External link in |website= (help); replacement character in |title= at position 27 (help)CS1 maint: url-status (link)

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