Power of Siberia Gas Pipeline

From Global Energy Monitor
This article is part of the Global Fossil Infrastructure Tracker, a project of Global Energy Monitor.
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Power of Siberia Gas Pipeline ("Сила Сибири") is an operating natural gas pipeline in Russia. There was also a proposed expansion of this pipeline but the expansion project is now considered cancelled due to no recent development updates in the past five years.[1]

Location

Location, Phase I

The first section of the pipeline runs from the Chayandinskoye field (Chayanda, Yakutia) to Blagoveshchensk, Russia.[2]

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Location, Phase II

The second phase runs from the Chayandinskoye field (Chayanda, Yakutia) to Kovyktinskoye field (Kovykta, Irkutsk Region).[2]

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Location, Phase I Expansion

The Phase I Expansion was proposed to extend from Blagoveshchensk, Russia to Khabarovsk, Russia.

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Project Details

Project Details, Phase I

  • Owner: Gazprom
  • Capacity: 38 billion cubic meters per year[2]
  • Length: 1,367.02 miles / 2,022 kilometers
  • Status: Operating
  • Start Year: 2019

Project Details, Phase II

  • Owner: Gazprom
  • Capacity: 38 billion cubic meters per year[2]
  • Length: 497.10 miles / 800 kilometers
  • Status: Under construction[2]
  • Start Year: 2022[2]

Project Details, Phase I Expansion

  • Owner: Gazprom
  • Capacity: 32 billion cubic meters per year[3]
  • Length: 385.25 miles / 620 kilometers[3]
  • Status: Cancelled[4]
  • Start Year:

Background

The Power of Siberia (Сила Сибири) Gas Pipeline (formerly known as Yakutia–Khabarovsk–Vladivostok pipeline) is a natural gas pipeline in Eastern Siberia that transports Yakutia's gas to Primorsky Krai and Far East countries. The first stage of the pipeline was commissioned on Dec. 2, 2019.[5]

The second phase of the project (Сила Сибири II этап) "will include the construction of a section stretching for about 800 kilometers from the Kovyktinskoye field (Irkutsk Region) to the Chayandinskoye field." Stage two is expected to be commissioned by 2022. A final stage, stage three, is proposed to expand gas transmission capacities between the Chayandinskoye field and Blagoveshchensk.[2]

History

Phase I

On 29 October 2012 president Vladimir Putin instructed the general manager of Gazprom to start construction of the pipeline.[6] On 21 May 2014, Russia and China signed a 30-year gas deal, and construction was launched on 1 September 2014 in Yakutsk by president Putin and Chinese deputy premier minister Zhang Gaoli.[7][8] Construction of the pipeline from Vladivostok to China started on 29 June 2015.[9]

  • 4 September 2016: Gazprom’s Chairman Alexei Miller and China National Petroleum Corporation’s Chairman Wang Yilin signed an agreement to build a crossing under the Amur River for the pipeline.[10]
  • April 2017: The pipeline’s construction had crossed the Chinese border.[11]
  • May 2017: A temporary checkpoint was built along the Russian-Chinese border.[12]

The current plan is to complete 1,300 kilometers of the pipeline before the end of 2017.[13] Construction is currently ahead of schedule, thanks to a warmer-than-expected 2016 winter.[14] In July 2017 Gazprom announced that more than half the pipeline would be built by the end of 2017 and that it planned to commission the pipeline in December 2019.[15] It hit that target.[5]

Phase II

In September 2020, Gazprom has started construction of the second phase of the project.[16] In August 2021, the construction was ongoing.[17]

Phase I Expansion

Gazprom was initially planning for an expansion of the original pipeline, extending from Blagoveshchensk, Russia to Khabarovsk, Russia. However, since there have not been any recent development updates in the past five years related to this project, we consider this expansion project cancelled.[4]

Technical description

The pipeline is expected to cost 770 billion roubles and the investment in the gas production is 430 billion roubles.[6][18] Capacity of the 1400-mm (56-in) pipeline would be up to 61 billion cubic meters (2.2 trillion cubic feet) of natural gas per year.[19] 38 billion cubic meters (1.3 trillion cubic feet) would be supplied to China.[18][20] The pipeline's working pressure is 9.8 megapascals (1,421 psi).[21]

The pipeline will be able to withstand temperatures as low as -62°C (-79.6°F).[11] Nanocomposite coatings manufactured and engineered by JSC Metaclay will be used to increase the lifetime of the pipeline.[22] Furthermore, the pipeline will be able to withstand earthquakes by incorporating materials that can withstand seismic activity.[11] Internal coatings ensure energy efficiency by reducing the friction of the pipeline’s inner surfaces.[11] The mass of all the pipes used to construct the pipeline is greater than 2.5 megatons.[23]

Route

A 3,200-km (1,988-mi) section of the pipeline will start from the Chayanda oil and gas field in Yakutia. It will partly run within an integrated corridor with the second stage of the Eastern Siberia-Pacific Ocean oil pipeline. In Khabarovsk, it will be connected with the Sakhalin–Khabarovsk–Vladivostok pipeline. Together these pipelines will feed a planned LNG plant, which will produce liquefied natural gas for export to Japan, and a planned petrochemical complex in Primorsky Krai.[24][25] Branches to Northern China are envisaged.

In addition, the project includes an 800-km (497-mi) pipeline from Irkutsk to Yakutia.

As of October 2020, Gazprom's website shows the pipeline operating between Chayandinskoye and Blagoveshchensk, with an ongoing expansion between Chayandinskoye, Inrkutsk, and Krasnoyarsk.

Source of supply

The pipeline will be fed from the Chayanda oil and gas field in Yakutia.[26] The gas field is expected to begin producing in 2019.[18] Later the Kovykta field, which would come operational by 2021, will be connected to the pipeline.[18][27] Independent producers may supply up to 25 billion cubic meters (880 billion cubic feet) of natural gas.[28]

Articles and resources

References

  1. Power of Siberia, Wikipedia, accessed April 2018
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.6 Power of Siberia, Gazprom, accessed October 2020
  3. 3.0 3.1 Никольский, Алексей (February 20, 2015). ""Роснефть" может получить доступ к "Силе Сибири"". РИА Новости. Retrieved July 23, 2021.
  4. 4.0 4.1 "«Газпром» в 2015 году намерен уложить до 50 км «Силы Сибири»". Ведомости. May 19, 2015. Retrieved July 23, 2021.
  5. 5.0 5.1 Putin and Xi oversee launch of landmark Russian gas pipeline to China, Reuters, Dec. 2, 2019
  6. 6.0 6.1 "Газпром" получил импульс для освоения Чаянды [Gazprom received an impulse for conquest of Chayanda] (in Russian). Interfax. 29 October 2012. Retrieved 2014-04-11.CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)
  7. "Putin In Yakutsk To Inaugurate Construction Of Pipeline To China". Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty. 1 September 2014. Retrieved 2014-09-02.
  8. "Putin gives start to Power of Siberia gas pipeline construction". ITAR-TASS. 1 September 2014. Retrieved 2014-09-02.
  9. "China begins construction of Power of Siberia pipeline for gas delivered from Russia". RT International. Retrieved 2017-10-15.
  10. "Gazprom and CNPC sign EPC contract to construct underwater crossing of Power of Siberia". www.gazprom.com. Retrieved 2017-10-15.
  11. 11.0 11.1 11.2 11.3 "Power of Siberia". www.gazprom.com. Retrieved 2017-10-15.
  12. "Power of Siberia reaches construction milestone". World Pipelines. 2017-05-12. Retrieved 2017-10-15.
  13. "Gazprom accelerates plans for Power of Siberia construction". Interfax Global Energy. 2017-08-03.
  14. "Power of Siberia targets 1,100 km this year". Interfax Global Energy. 2017-06-08.
  15. Can Gazprom deliver Power of Siberia gas to China by 2020?, Wood Mackenzie, Sep. 6, 2017
  16. ""Газпром" начал второй этап строительства "Силы Сибири"". Россия Сегодня. Nov 2, 2020. Retrieved Aug 2, 2021.
  17. "Газопровод Сила Сибири II этап". Energybase.ru. Aug 2021. Retrieved Aug 2, 2021.
  18. 18.0 18.1 18.2 18.3 Khodyakova, Yelena (4 March 2014). «Газпром» отложил запуск газопровода «Сила Сибири» до 2019 г. [Gazprom postponed start of the Power of Siberia pipeline until 2019]. Vedomosti (in Russian). Retrieved 2014-04-11.CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)
  19. "Putting the Power into Siberia". siberiantimes.com. Retrieved 2017-10-15.
  20. Soldatkin, Vladimir; Pinchuk, Denis (7 March 2014). "Rosneft challenges Gazprom monopoly to export Russian pipeline gas". Reuters. Retrieved 2014-04-11.
  21. "Gazprom project ahead of schedule". Pipelines International. 2017-06-15. Retrieved 2017-09-07.
  22. Fostering A New Industry: Nanomaterials (PDF). Rusnano.
  23. "Power of Siberia Pipeline". www.pipeintech.com.
  24. "Gas Will Be Delivered to Japan through Vladivostok". Vladivostok Times. 2008-06-24. Archived from the original on 2009-08-05. Retrieved 2008-08-02. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  25. Gazprom map of gas pipelines in Siberia, planned and projected retrieved 2012-11-26
  26. "Gazprom Eying Chayandinskoye, Sakhalin-3 Licenses". Rigzone. 2008-06-15. Retrieved 2008-08-02.
  27. "Gazprom, CNPC sign memorandum on eastern route pipeline gas supplies to China (Part 2)". Interfax. 22 March 2013. Retrieved 2014-04-10.
  28. "Сила Сибири" положит начало освоению новых месторождений. Sakha News (in Russian). ITAR-TASS. 9 April 2014. Retrieved 2014-04-11.CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)

Related GEM.wiki articles

Existing Pipelines in Russia

External resources

External articles

Wikipedia also has an article on Power of Siberia (Power of Siberia). This article may use content from the Wikipedia article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License].