Sakhalin-Khabarovsk-Vladivostok Gas Pipeline

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Sakhalin-Khabarovsk-Vladivostok Gas Pipeline (also referred to as the Sakhalin – Khabarovsk – Vladivostok gas transmission system (GTS); Russian: Сахалин - Хабаровск - Владивосток) is an operating natural gas pipeline.[1][2] An expansion of the pipeline (also referred to as the Sakhalin – Khabarovsk – Vladivostok (GTS) Expansion) between Komsomolsk-on-Amur and Khabarovsk is under construction.[3]

Location

The pipeline runs from Sakhalin, Russia through Komsomolsk-on-Amur and Khabarovsk to Vladivostok, Russia.[2]

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Location, Expansion

The expansion project will run between Komsomolsk-on-Amur, Russia and Khabarovsk, Russia.[4]

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Project Details

  • Operator: Gazprom Invest Vostok
  • Parent Company: Gazprom[2]
  • Capacity: 5.5 billion cubic meters per year[2]
  • Length: 1,132 miles / 1,822 kilometers
  • Status: Operating
  • Start Year: 2011

Project Details, Expansion

  • Operator: Gazprom Invest Vostok
  • Parent Company: Gazprom
  • Capacity: 8 billion cubic meters per year
  • Length: 229 miles / 369 kilometers
  • Status: Construction[3]
  • Construction Year: 2020
  • Start Year: 2021

Background

The Sakhalin–Khabarovsk–Vladivostok pipeline is a natural gas pipeline in Russia, transporting Sakhalin's gas to the most populated and industrialized regions of the Russian Far East (Khabarovsk Krai and Primorsky Krai). It is also projected to become a part of an international export route, carrying Russian gas to East Asian countries, such as the People's Republic of China, South Korea and Japan. The pipeline is owned and operated by Gazprom.

History

The project was announced in September 2007, when the Russian Federation's Industry and Energy Ministry approved the gas Development Program for Eastern Siberia and the Far East.[5] It was aimed at reducing utility prices in the Russian Far East by replacing coal and petroleum with cheaper natural gas as a source of power.[6]

The pipeline project was approved by Gazprom's board of directors on 23 July 2008. At the same meeting, Gazprom's board of directors agreed to purchase the Komsomolsk–Khabarovsk pipeline, commissioned in November 2006 by Daltransgaz, a former subsidiary of Rosneft.[7][8] Design and exploration work was completed in November 2008 and working documentation was prepared by April 2009.[9]

Construction began on 31 July 2009 in Khabarovsk with a ceremony, which was attended by the Russian Prime Minister Vladimir Putin.[5][10] The pipeline was opened on 8 September 2011. The opening ceremony on Russky Island was again attended by Prime Minister Putin.[11][12]

Route

The Sakhalin–Khabarovsk–Vladivostok gas transport system consists of three sections.[5][13] The Khabarovsk–Vladivostok section together with the first phase of the Sakhalin–Komsomolsk section, which supplies gas from Gazprom's Far East northern part's gas fields, will create a 1350 km (840 mi) pipeline system.[5] The third section, the 472-km (293-mi) Komsomolsk–Habarovsk pipeline, commissioned in 2006,[6] would then be connected to the proposed Yakutia–Khabarovsk–Vladivostok pipeline.[5]

The pipeline will supply gas to China and Japan and there is a planned link to South Korea. From Vladivostok, a Chinese pipeline under construction since 2015 by China Petroleum Pipeline Bureau will extend across China, reaching Shanghai.[14] The pipeline also will feed a planned LNG plant in Primorsky Krai, producing liquefied natural gas for export to Japan, and a proposed petrochemical complex.[15][16] There are also plans to supply gas from Vladivostok to Japan and South Korea by subsea pipelines.[13] An alternative route to South Korea would be via an overland pipeline through North Korea. According to Russian foreign minister Sergey Lavrov, this proposed pipeline would help strengthen security in East Asia by meeting North Korea's energy needs and providing it with transit revenue. The project was also discussed during the visit of Kim Jong Il to Russia in August 2011.[17]

Technical description

The capacity of the pipeline is 6 billion cubic meters (210 billion cubic feet) of natural gas per year during the first stage, rising to 30 billion cubic meters (1.1 trillion cubic feet) by 2020, of which 8 billion cubic meters (280 billion cubic feet) would be supplied from Sakhalin.[5][6][18][19] It is expected to cost US$21–24 billion.[20][21]

The diameter of the Sakhalin–Komsomolsk and Khabarovsk–Vladivostok pipelines is 1220 mm (48 in), with a working pressure of 100 standard atmospheres (10MPa). The diameter of the Komsomolsk–Khabarovsk pipeline is 700 mm (28 in).[6]

In addition to the three pipelines, the Sakhalin–Khabarovsk–Vladivostok system consists of the Sakhalin main compressor station, a gas distribution station in Vladivostok, a power supply, telemechanics, communications systems and access roads.[6]

Supply source

The pipeline is fed from the Sakhalin-III project with additional gas provided from the Sakhalin-II project.[22] The main supply source is the Gazprom-owned Kirinskoye field.[23]

Owner

The pipeline project was developed by Gazprom Invest Vostok, a subsidiary of Gazprom.[20] The pipeline is operated by Gazprom.[11]

Expansion

On December 11, 2017, Gazprom approved the expansion of the pipeline between Komsomolsk-on-Amur and Khabarovsk (the gas transportation section from the 505th to the 874th km).[24] In February 2019 Stroygazmontazh was chosen as the contractor for the project.[25] In March 2019 Gazprom announced that construction materials were being assembled, but did not say that construction on the pipeline itself had begun.[26]

According to the Gazprom 2019 Annual report, the looping of the linear section was expected for 2021.[4] According to the Gazprom 2020 Annual report, expansion of the first compressor station was planned for 2022.[27] According to the report, the company has started construction of the expansion pipeline from Komsomolsk-on-Amur to Khabarovsk in 2020.[27] The construction was expected to be completed by the end of 2021.[28] In September 2020, half of the pipeline was constructed[29] and in February 2021, 3/4 of the pipeline was completed.[3]

Articles and resources

References

  1. Sakhalin-Khabarovsk-Vladivostok pipeline, Wikipedia, accessed April 2018
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 "Sakhalin – Khabarovsk – Vladivostok. The first interregional gas transmission system in eastern Russia". Retrieved July 27, 2021.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 "«Газпром» продолжает расширение газопровода «Сахалин — Хабаровск — Владивосток»". Feb 17, 2021. Retrieved July 27, 2021.
  4. 4.0 4.1 "PJSC Gazprom Annual Report 2019" (PDF). Retrieved October 6, 2020.
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 5.5 Gazprom launches construction of Sakhalin – Khabarovsk – Vladivostok gas transmission system, Gazprom, Jul. 31, 2009
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 6.3 6.4 Gazprom commissions first startup complex of Sakhalin – Khabarovsk – Vladivostok GTS, Gazprom, Sep. 8, 2011
  7. Board of Directors approves the purchase of Sakhalin – Komsomolsk – Khabarovsk, Gazprom, Jul. 23, 2008
  8. Shuster, Simon (19 July 2008). "Russia Gazprom buys 25 pct of DalTransGas from Rosneft". Reuters. Retrieved 4 August 2009.
  9. "Construction Of The Gas Pipeline Sakhalin – Primorye To Come To The End In 2011". TIA Ostrova. 14 July 2008. Retrieved 4 August 2009.
  10. Paxton, Robin (31 July 2009). "Russia launches Far East pipeline, eyes Exxon gas". Reuters. Retrieved 4 August 2009.
  11. 11.0 11.1 Russia open new Far Eastern gas pipeline for Asian markets
  12. "Putin inspects Russky Island". Russia & India Reports. 9 September 2011. Retrieved 10 September 2011.
  13. 13.0 13.1 Gazprom and Kogas sign MOU for Sakhalin-2 pipeline project, Oil & Gas Journal, Jul. 12, 2009
  14. "Gas pipeline to Russia has biggest pipes in China". CCTV America. June 30, 2015.
  15. "Russia's Gazprom mulls new liquefaction plant in country's Far East". Platts (requires subscription). 24 June 2008.
  16. "Gas Will Be Delivered to Japan through Vladivostok". Vladivostok Times. 24 June 2008.
  17. Gabuyev, Aleksandr (22 August 2011). "North Korea to be pacified with gas". Izvestia. Russia & India Reports. Retrieved 10 September 2011.
  18. Medetsky, Anatoly (9 September 2011). "Gazprom Opens Pipeline to Sakhalin". The Moscow Times. Retrieved 10 September 2011.
  19. "Gazprom forecasts sharp rise in gas consumption in eastern Russia". RosBusinessConsulting. 11 July 2008. Retrieved 4 August 2009.
  20. 20.0 20.1 "Gazprom to spend $24 billion on Far Eastern gas pipeline". RIA Novosti. 4 July 2008. Retrieved 4 August 2009.
  21. "Gazprom to build Russia's most expensive pipeline". The Sakhalin Times. 11 July 2008. Retrieved 4 August 2009.
  22. "Gazprom Tired of Waiting". RZD Partner. 6 June 2008. Retrieved 4 August 2009.
  23. "Gazprom: Over 90 Percent of Sakhalin-Khabarovsk-Vladivostok GTS Linear Part Welded Up (Russia)". LNG World News. 3 May 2011. Retrieved 10 September 2011.
  24. Glavgosexpertiza of Russia has agreed on a project to build a section of the first interregional gas transmission system in eastern Russia, Glavgosekspertiza of Russia, Dec. 14, 2017
  25. «Стройгазмонтаж» стал генподрядчиком прокладки газопровода в Хабаровском крае, Oil Capital, Feb. 11, 2019
  26. "Газпром" приступает к расширению газопровода "Сахалин-Хабаровск-Владивосток", 1prime.ru, Mar. 19, 201
  27. 27.0 27.1 "Growth at Scale. Gazprom Annual Report 2020" (PDF). Retrieved July 27, 2021.
  28. "Газпром к концу 2021г планирует завершить расширение газопровода Сахалин-Хабаровск-Владивосток". Sep 30, 2020. Retrieved July 27, 2021.
  29. ""Газпром" завершил больше половины расширения газопровода "Сахалин-Хабаровск-Владивосток"". Национальная Ассоциация нефтегазового сервиса. Sep 3, 2020. Retrieved July 27, 2021.

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