Bitola power station

From Global Energy Monitor

Bitola power station (РЕК Битола, Термоелектраната Битола (Macedonian), and Битольская ТЭЦ (Russian)) is an operating power station of at least 699-megawatts (MW) in Novaci, Novaci, North Macedonia with multiple units, some of which are not currently operating.


Location

Table 1: Project-level location details

Plant name Location Coordinates (WGS 84)
Bitola power station Novaci, Novaci, North Macedonia 41.0583, 21.4843 (exact)

The map below shows the exact location of the power station.

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Unit-level coordinates (WGS 84):

  • Unit 1: 41.05832, 21.484266
  • Unit 2: 41.05832, 21.484266
  • Unit 3: 41.05832, 21.484266
  • Unit 4: 41.05832, 21.484266


Project Details

Table 2: Unit-level details

Unit name Status Fuel(s) Capacity (MW) Technology CHP Start year Retired year
Unit 1 operating coal - lignite 233 MW subcritical - - 2026 (planned)
Unit 2 operating coal - lignite 233 MW subcritical - - -
Unit 3 operating coal - lignite 233 MW subcritical - - -
Unit 4 announced[1][2] gas[1] 250 MW[1][3][4] - yes[1] - -

CHP is an abbreviation for Combined Heat and Power. It is a technology that produces electricity and thermal energy at high efficiencies. Coal units track this information in the Captive Use section when known.


Table 3: Unit-level ownership and operator details

Unit name Owner Parent
Unit 1 Elektrani na Severna Makedonija (ESM) Elektrani na Severna Makedonija (ESM)
Unit 2 Elektrani na Severna Makedonija (ESM) Elektrani na Severna Makedonija (ESM)
Unit 3 Elektrani na Severna Makedonija (ESM) Elektrani na Severna Makedonija (ESM)
Unit 4 Elektrani na Severna Makedonija (ESM) Elektrani na Severna Makedonija (ESM)

Project-level coal details

  • Coal source: Suvodol mine, brod-gneotino mine, imported

Financing

  • Source of financing:

Background

The plant consists of three 233 MW units, commissioned in 1982 to 1988.

Bitola power station is part of the REK Bitola mining and energy complex, is located 12 km east of the city of Bitola and about 15 km north of the Greek border. It uses coal from the Suvodol coal mine and Brod-Gneotino coal mine that are part of the complex.[5] However ESM has also been relying on imported coal - this is a question of poor quality and low calorific value and the fact that the deposits of the two domestic mines are said to be depleting.[6]

The plant accounts for as much as 70% of the country's electricity production. The plant is owned and operated by the state-owned ELEM (Elektrani na Makedonija) (the Macedonian electricity production company, renamed in 2019 to ESM).[7][8]

In October 2020, ESM said the first unit of the coal power plant would be switched to natural gas within five years. Gas would be supplied from a planned pipeline, as part of a strategy to abandon lignite use altogether in the country. ESM was investing in the modernization of the power plant’s remaining two units so that they could work for ten more years. New solar plants would be built to bridge the power gap as Unit 1 was transitioned from coal to gas.[9]

Coal phase out date

As of January 2022, North Macedonia was planning to phase out coal by 2027, decommissioning Oslomej power station in 2021 and Bitola power station by 2027. This was only in planning, according to their draft National Energy and Climate Plan (NECP), although it was also submitted through their Nationally Determined Contributions (NDC) submitted under the Paris Agreement in 2021 (page 7, point d).[10] The decommissioning of Oslomej did not happen in 2021.

In April 2022, ESM announced that they would be developing 280 MW of solar capacity near the Bitola thermal power plant. Coal-phase out was reportedly to occur by 2030.[11]

In July 2022, ESM stated that the power station would be converted to gas in two phases. In Phase I, Unit 1 would be converted to gas by 2026. In Phase II, Unit 2 would be converted to gas and Unit 3 would be replaced with solar energy generation.[12]


Articles and Resources

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 "serbia-energy.eu/north-macedonia-esm-to-replace-gas-capacity-for-tpp-bitola-unit-1/". Archived from the original on March 3, 2021.
  2. https://web.archive.org/web/20230318035904/https://balkangreenenergynews.com/esm-is-developing-power-plant-projects-with-total-capacity-of-1-8-gw/. Archived from the original on 2023-03-18. {{cite web}}: Missing or empty |title= (help)
  3. "North Macedonia will invest in several renewable power projects". June 4, 2021. Archived from the original on July 9, 2022. Retrieved July 13, 2022.
  4. "Replacement gas capacity for TPP Bitola unit 1 to be built by 2024 - Macedonia, 27 January 2021". January 29, 2021. Archived from the original on July 9, 2022. Retrieved July 13, 2022.
  5. "TPP Bitola". www.esm.com.mk. unknown. {{cite web}}: Check date values in: |date= (help)CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  6. "ЕСМ ќе купува уште 950 илјади тони јаглен, тендерите отвори до крајот на овој месец". telma.com.mk. August 2022.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  7. Government orders that ELEM is renamed into “Power Plants of North Macedonia” – ESM, Republika, March 19, 2019
  8. "Coal-Fired Plants in Kosovo & Macedonia," Industcards, accessed April 2016
  9. "North Macedonia to shut REK Bitola coal plant unit in five years, turn to gas". Balkan Green Energy News. 2020-10-20. Retrieved 2020-10-21.
  10. "Enhanced Nationally Determined Contribution," Submission by the Republic of North Macedonia, 2021
  11. "N. Macedonia's ESM to build four PV plants of total 280 MW near Bitola TPP," Renewables Now, April 12, 2022
  12. "(ВИДЕО) ЕНЕРГЕТСКА ТРАНЗИЦИЈА НА РЕК БИТОЛА," ESM, July 8, 2022

Additional data

To access additional data, including interactive maps of the power stations, downloadable datases, and summary data, please visit the Global Coal Plant Tracker and the Global Oil and Gas Plant Tracker on the Global Energy Monitor website.