Zeebrugge LNG Terminal
|This article is part of the Global Fossil Infrastructure Tracker, a project of Global Energy Monitor.|
Zeebrugge LNG Terminal is an LNG import terminal in West Flanders, Belgium.
The terminal is located in Zeebrugge harbor, Bruges Arrondissement, West Flanders Province.
- Owner: Fluxys LNG SA (100%)
- Location: Zeebrugge, Bruges Arrondissement, West Flanders Province, Belgium
- Coordinates: 51.353, 3.22241 (exact)
- Capacity: 9 bcm/y, 6.6 mtpa
- Status: Operating
- Type: Import
- Start Year: 1987
- Associated Infrastructure: Dunkirk Zeebrugge Pipeline, Dunkirk LNG Terminal
Note: mtpa = million tonnes per year; bcfd = billion cubic feet per day
Zeebrugge LNG Terminal is a liquefied natural gas (LNG) regasification terminal in the Belgian port of Zeebrugge. It has a capacity of 9 billion cubic meters per year. It was brought online in 1987. It is owned by Fluxys LNG, a subsidiary of the Belgian gas firm Fluxys.
In May 2016, France and Belgium launched a €1.2 billion bidirectional gas transmission pipeline, the Dunkirk Zeebrugge Pipeline, connecting Dunkirk to the Fluxys Zeebrugge LNG Terminal, and allowing the Dunkirk LNG Terminal to access the German, Dutch and UK gas market. The pipeline has an 8 bcm/y transport capacity.
According to Food & Water Europe's 2019 profile on Belgian gas use, "...the Zeebrugge port [terminal has] an import capacity of 9bcm/y, which is also a strategically important port for gas flows from Norway and the UK. Moreover, it provides loading services, meaning that if LNG prices are high enough in another part of the world, LNG could be shipped there from Zeebrugge (the process of liquefying and regasifying entails significant energy consumption as well as emissions, and transporting the LNG overseas also demands significant energy use). However, the Zeebrugge energy terminal is largely underused. Between 2011 and 2018 the average daily utilization rate only attained 10%. In 2019, the facility got the green light to finalize new long-term contracts up to 2044."
A first capacity expansion was conducted in 2004-08. The first expansion added capacity of about 3 mtpa.
A second expansion project began in 2011. The second project consisted of a fifth storage tank and a second berthing jetty. The second jetty was completed in January 2017. Construction on the fifth storage tank began in 2015, and is expected to be completed in 2018. It is unclear how much capacity the expansion project will add in total.
According to Gas Infrastructure Europe, in December of 2019 construction was underway for additional storage capacity.
Articles and resources
- 2020 World LNG Report, page 124, International Gas Union, April 27, 2020
- About Fluxys accessed Jan 6, 2020
- The LNG Industry: Annual Report 2019 GIIGNL
- Fluxys Zeebrugge LNG Terminal, A Barrel Full, accessed April 2017.
- The LNG Industry: Annual Report 2017, International Group of Liquefied Natural Gas Importers, accessed July 2017.
- Zeebrugge LNG terminal, Fluxys website, accessed July 2017.
- France, Food and Water Europe, accessed December 4, 2019
- Belgium, Food & Water Europe, accessed December 3, 2019.
- Welcome to Fluxys' Zeebrugge LNG Terminal, Fluxys slideshow, 15 May 2014.
- The second jetty at the Zeebrugge LNG terminal has been commissioned, Fluxys website, accessed July 2017.
- Fluxys opens second Zeebrugge LNG jetty, LNG World News, 10 Jan. 2017.
- Fifth storage tank being built in the Zeebrugge LNG Terminal, Fluxys website, accessed July 2017.
- LNG Database Gas Infrastructure Europe, accessed December 6, 2019