Zeebrugge LNG Terminal

From Global Energy Monitor
This article is part of the Global Fossil Infrastructure Tracker, a project of Global Energy Monitor.

Zeebrugge LNG Terminal is an LNG import terminal in West Flanders, Belgium.


The terminal is located in Zeebrugge harbor, Bruges Arrondissement, West Flanders Province.

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Project Details

  • Owner: Fluxys LNG SA (100%)[1]
  • Location: Zeebrugge, Bruges Arrondissement, West Flanders Province, Belgium
  • Coordinates: 51.353, 3.22241 (exact)
  • Capacity: 9 bcm/y[2], 6.6 mtpa[3]
  • Status: Operating
  • Type: Import
  • Start Year: 1987
  • Associated Infrastructure: Dunkirk Zeebrugge Pipeline, Dunkirk LNG Terminal

Note: mtpa = million tonnes per year; bcfd = billion cubic feet per day


Zeebrugge LNG Terminal is a liquefied natural gas (LNG) regasification terminal in the Belgian port of Zeebrugge. It has a capacity of 9 billion cubic meters per year[2]. It was brought online in 1987. It is owned by Fluxys LNG, a subsidiary of the Belgian gas firm Fluxys.[4][5][6]

In May 2016, France and Belgium launched a €1.2 billion bidirectional gas transmission pipeline, the Dunkirk Zeebrugge Pipeline, connecting Dunkirk to the Fluxys Zeebrugge LNG Terminal, and allowing the Dunkirk LNG Terminal to access the German, Dutch and UK gas market. The pipeline has an 8 bcm/y transport capacity.[7]

According to Food & Water Europe's 2019 profile on Belgian gas use, "...the Zeebrugge port [terminal has] an import capacity of 9bcm/y, which is also a strategically important port for gas flows from Norway and the UK. Moreover, it provides loading services, meaning that if LNG prices are high enough in another part of the world, LNG could be shipped there from Zeebrugge (the process of liquefying and regasifying entails significant energy consumption as well as emissions, and transporting the LNG overseas also demands significant energy use). However, the Zeebrugge energy terminal is largely underused. Between 2011 and 2018 the average daily utilization rate only attained 10%. In 2019, the facility got the green light to finalize new long-term contracts up to 2044."[8]

In September 2019, Qatar Petroleum booked the full LNG regasification capacity of Zeebrugge LNG terminal up to 2044.[9]

In September 2020, the terminal began transporting gas by rail, widening the opportunities for customers.[10]

In July 2020, Fluxys LNG, owner and operator of the Zeebrugge import terminal, reframed its Small-Scale Berthing Rights service into Stand Alone Berthing Rights, making the loading and unloading of additional small and large LNG cargoes possible. In September, the first LNG container was loaded at the terminal for rail transport from the port, creating an intermodal logistics chain. In October 2020 Fluxys LNG consulted the market regarding a new LNG service - Virtual Liquefaction - that would be available as of January 2021 and will enable liquefaction by counter-nominating gas on regasified flows.[11]


A first capacity expansion was conducted in 2004-08. The first expansion added capacity of about 3 mtpa.[12]

A second expansion project began in 2011. The second project consisted of a fifth storage tank and a second berthing jetty. The second jetty was completed in January 2017.[13][14] Construction on the fifth storage tank began in 2015, and is expected to be completed in 2018. It is unclear how much capacity the expansion project will add in total.[15]

According to Gas Infrastructure Europe, in December of 2019 construction was underway for additional storage capacity.[16]

2024 Expansion

2024 Expansion Project Details

Note: mtpa = million tonnes per year; bcfd = billion cubic feet per day

2026 Expansion

2026 Expansion Project Details

Note: mtpa = million tonnes per year; bcfd = billion cubic feet per day

Articles and resources


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 2020 World LNG Report, page 124, International Gas Union, April 27, 2020
  2. 2.0 2.1 About Fluxys accessed Jan 6, 2020
  3. The LNG Industry: Annual Report 2019 GIIGNL
  4. Fluxys Zeebrugge LNG Terminal, A Barrel Full, accessed April 2017.
  5. The LNG Industry: Annual Report 2017, International Group of Liquefied Natural Gas Importers, accessed July 2017.
  6. Zeebrugge LNG terminal, Fluxys website, accessed July 2017.
  7. France, Food and Water Europe, accessed December 4, 2019
  8. Belgium, Food & Water Europe, accessed December 3, 2019.
  9. Qatar Petroleum books the full LNG regasification capacity of Zeebrugge LNG terminal in Belgium up to 2044, Hellenic Shipping News, September 4, 2019
  10. Lydia Woellwarth, Zeebrugge LNG able to be transported by rail, LNG Industry, 14 September 2020
  11. GIIGNL 2021 Annual Report, accessed May 5, 2021
  12. Welcome to Fluxys' Zeebrugge LNG Terminal, Fluxys slideshow, 15 May 2014.
  13. The second jetty at the Zeebrugge LNG terminal has been commissioned, Fluxys website, accessed July 2017.
  14. Fluxys opens second Zeebrugge LNG jetty, LNG World News, 10 Jan. 2017.
  15. Fifth storage tank being built in the Zeebrugge LNG Terminal, Fluxys website, accessed July 2017.
  16. LNG Database Gas Infrastructure Europe, accessed December 6, 2019
  17. 17.0 17.1 17.2 17.3 17.4 17.5 17.6 17.7 Ira Joseph, Twitter, Twitter, January 16, 2021

Related GEM.wiki articles

External resources

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