Zeebrugge LNG Terminal

From Global Energy Monitor
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Zeebrugge LNG Terminal is an operating LNG import terminal in West Flanders, Belgium. An expansion project at the terminal is under construction.

Location

The terminal is located in Zeebrugge harbour, Bruges Arrondissement, West Flanders Province.

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Project Details

  • Owner: Fluxys LNG SA (100%)[1][2]
  • Location: Zeebrugge, Bruges Arrondissement, West Flanders Province, Belgium
  • Coordinates: 51.353, 3.22241 (exact)
  • Capacity: 9 bcm/y[3], 6.6 mtpa[4][2]
  • Status: Operating
  • Type: Import
  • Start Year: 1987
  • Associated Infrastructure: Dunkirk Zeebrugge Pipeline, Dunkirk LNG Terminal

Note: mtpa = million tonnes per year; bcfd = billion cubic feet per day

Background

Zeebrugge LNG Terminal is a liquefied natural gas (LNG) regasification terminal in the Belgian port of Zeebrugge. It has a capacity of 9 billion cubic meters per year[3]. It was proposed in 1976, construction began in 1982, and it was brought online in 1987.[5] It is owned by Fluxys LNG, a subsidiary of the Belgian gas firm Fluxys.[6][7][8]

In May 2016, France and Belgium launched a €1.2 billion bidirectional gas transmission pipeline, the Dunkirk Zeebrugge Pipeline, connecting Dunkirk to the Fluxys Zeebrugge LNG Terminal, and allowing the Dunkirk LNG Terminal to access the German, Dutch and UK gas market. The pipeline has an 8 bcm/y transport capacity.[9]

According to Food & Water Europe's 2019 profile on Belgian gas use, "...the Zeebrugge port [terminal has] an import capacity of 9bcm/y, which is also a strategically important port for gas flows from Norway and the UK. Moreover, it provides loading services, meaning that if LNG prices are high enough in another part of the world, LNG could be shipped there from Zeebrugge (the process of liquefying and regasifying entails significant energy consumption as well as emissions, and transporting the LNG overseas also demands significant energy use). However, the Zeebrugge energy terminal is largely underused. Between 2011 and 2018 the average daily utilization rate only attained 10%. In 2019, the facility got the green light to finalize new long-term contracts up to 2044."[10]

In September 2019, Qatar Petroleum booked the full LNG regasification capacity of Zeebrugge LNG terminal up to 2044.[11]

In September 2020, the terminal began transporting gas by rail, widening the opportunities for customers.[12]

In July 2020, Fluxys LNG, owner and operator of the Zeebrugge import terminal, reframed its Small-Scale Berthing Rights service into Stand Alone Berthing Rights, making the loading and unloading of additional small and large LNG cargoes possible. In September, the first LNG container was loaded at the terminal for rail transport from the port, creating an intermodal logistics chain. In October 2020 Fluxys LNG consulted the market regarding a new LNG service - Virtual Liquefaction - that would be available as of January 2021 and will enable liquefaction by counter-nominating gas on regasified flows.[13]

Expansions

A first capacity expansion was conducted in 2004-08. The first expansion added capacity of about 3 mtpa.[14]

A second expansion project began in 2011. The second project consisted of a fifth storage tank and a second berthing jetty. The second jetty was completed in January 2017.[15][16] Construction on the fifth storage tank began in 2015, and is expected to be completed in 2018. It is unclear how much capacity the expansion project will add in total.[17]

According to Gas Infrastructure Europe, in December of 2019 construction was underway for additional storage capacity.[18]

Transshipment of Russian LNG

The fifth LNG storage tank, with a capacity of 180,000 cubic metres of LNG, started operations in 2020 to serve a long-term contract agreed in 2015 between Zeebrugge LNG Terminal and Russia's Yamal Trade for the delivery of LNG from the Yamal LNG Terminal in Siberia for worldwide transshipments from Zeebrugge. Fluxys said that up to 8 million tonnes of Russian LNG per year could be transshipped at Zeebrugge.[19] A report by the Institute for Energy Economics and Financial Analysis (IEEFA) in March 2022 noted that almost 90% of the total Yamal LNG exports that were transshipped at Zeebrugge since 2021 have been sent to non-European markets. Ana Maria Jaller-Makarewicz, IEEFA's Europe energy analyst and author of the report, commented: "Fluxys and its shareholders have profited by facilitating Russian exports of LNG to Asian, South American and Middle East markets, especially during the winter months. It's exacerbated the European energy crisis and is contributing to the profit margins of Russian fossil fuel projects."[20] A report by the Centre for Research on Energy and Clean Air in April 2022 calculated that, with €717 million from LNG imports, Zeebrugge was the sixth ranked port globally for the value of Russian fossil fuel shipments received in the first two months since Russia's invasion of Ukraine.[21]

2024 Expansion

In February 2021, Fluxys took a final investment decision on expanding the terminal's capacity.[22]

In December 2021, it was announced that the Lithuanian MT Group had secured a €14 million (US$15.9 million) contract from Fluxys to expand the terminal's capacity, with onsite work expected to start in February 2022. MT Group said the expansion work was also aimed at significantly abating greenhouse gas emissions and other pollutants.[23]

In April 2022, MT Group said it had completed preparatory work for the terminal expansion and that construction work was progressing.[24]

2024 Expansion project details

  • Owner: Fluxys LNG SA (100%)[1]
  • Location: Zeebrugge, Bruges Arrondissement, West Flanders Province, Belgium
  • Coordinates: 51.353, 3.22241 (exact)
  • Capacity: 4.7 mtpa, 6.4 bcm/y[25]
  • Status: Construction[24]
  • Type: Import
  • Start Year: 2024[25]
  • FID Status: Approved[25]
  • Associated Infrastructure: Dunkirk Zeebrugge Pipeline, Dunkirk LNG Terminal

2026 Expansion Project Details

  • Owner: Fluxys LNG SA (100%)[1]
  • Location: Zeebrugge, Bruges Arrondissement, West Flanders Province, Belgium
  • Coordinates: 51.353, 3.22241 (exact)
  • Capacity: 1.3 mtpa, 1.8 bcm/y[25]
  • Status: Construction[24]
  • Type: Import
  • Start Year: 2026[25]
  • FID Status: Approved[25]
  • Associated Infrastructure: Dunkirk Zeebrugge Pipeline, Dunkirk LNG Terminal

Expansion project costs

In the Fluxys Belgium and Fluxys LNG ten year investment plan, published in February 2021, there is a budget line of €116 million for the planned regasification expansions as well as for a new LNG truck loading dock.[26]

Articles and resources

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 2020 World LNG Report, page 124, International Gas Union, April 27, 2020
  2. 2.0 2.1 International Group of Liquefied Natural Gas Importers (May 24, 2022). "Annual Report 2022 Edition" (PDF). GIIGNL. Retrieved July 5, 2022.
  3. 3.0 3.1 About Fluxys accessed Jan 6, 2020
  4. The LNG Industry: Annual Report 2019 GIIGNL
  5. Renier, Pieterjan. "Zeebrugge LNG Terminal" (PDF). Fluxys. Retrieved 2022-04-14.
  6. Fluxys Zeebrugge LNG Terminal, A Barrel Full, accessed April 2017.
  7. The LNG Industry: Annual Report 2017, International Group of Liquefied Natural Gas Importers, accessed July 2017.
  8. Zeebrugge LNG terminal, Fluxys website, accessed July 2017.
  9. France, Food and Water Europe, accessed December 4, 2019
  10. Belgium, Food & Water Europe, accessed December 3, 2019.
  11. Qatar Petroleum books the full LNG regasification capacity of Zeebrugge LNG terminal in Belgium up to 2044, Hellenic Shipping News, September 4, 2019
  12. Lydia Woellwarth, Zeebrugge LNG able to be transported by rail, LNG Industry, 14 September 2020
  13. GIIGNL 2021 Annual Report, accessed May 5, 2021
  14. Welcome to Fluxys' Zeebrugge LNG Terminal, Fluxys slideshow, 15 May 2014
  15. The second jetty at the Zeebrugge LNG terminal has been commissioned, Fluxys website, accessed July 2017.
  16. Fluxys opens second Zeebrugge LNG jetty, LNG World News, 10 Jan. 2017.
  17. Fifth storage tank being built in the Zeebrugge LNG Terminal, Fluxys website, accessed Jul. 2017
  18. LNG Database, Gas Infrastructure Europe, accessed December 6, 2019
  19. Zeebrugge LNG terminal: transshipments under Yamal long-term contract started, Fluxys press release, Jan. 7, 2022
  20. Zeebrugge terminal serves as hub for transport of Russian gas to non-European markets, Institute for Energy Economics and Financial Analysis, Mar. 21, 2022
  21. Financing Putin’s war on Europe: Fossil fuel imports from Russia in the first two months of the invasion, Centre for Research on Energy and Clean Air, Apr. 28, 2022
  22. Zeebrugge LNG terminal: final investment decision taken for additional regasification capacity, Fluxys press release, Feb. 15, 2021
  23. MT Group bags Zeebrugge LNG expansion gig, LNGPrime, Dec. 24, 2021
  24. 24.0 24.1 24.2 MT Group’s existing contract for works at the LNG Zeebrugge Terminal (Belgium) supplemented with a new add-on contract, MT Group press release, Apr. 12, 2022
  25. 25.0 25.1 25.2 25.3 25.4 25.5 Zeebrugge LNG terminal: final investment decision taken for additional regasification capacity, Fluxys press release, Feb. 15, 2022
  26. Indicatief investeringsplan Fluxys Belgium & Fluxys LNG 2021-2030, Fluxys, accessed Dec. 13, 2021

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