GFG Liberty Galati steel plant

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GFG Liberty Galati steel plant (also known as ArcelorMittal Galati SA) is a 3000-thousand tonnes per annum (ttpa) blast furnace-basic oxygen furnace (BF-BOF) steel plant in Galați County, in Romania. GFG Liberty Galati steel plant operates a blast furnace (BF) and basic oxygen furnace (BOF).


The map below shows the exact location of the steel plant in Galati, in Romania.

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Liberty Galati, previously owned by ArcelorMittal, was purchased by Liberty Steel in July 2019 along with six other steel plants including Liberty Ostrava.[1]



Integrated production began in July 1968, when all the components needed for steel-making had been set up and the first batch of steel came out at steel mill #1.[2] Activity grew at a consistent pace, and by 1972, there were over 50,000 employees in the entire works, including nearby industrial units.[2]

Since 1989

The Communist regime fell in 1989, and in 1991, the works became a joint-stock company called Sidex Galați.[3] This was acquired from the Romanian government in 2001 by a Mittal Steel Company subsidiary,[3] and its debts were forgiven.[4] When the latter took over Arcelor in 2006 to form ArcelorMittal, the plant took on the name ArcelorMittal Galați.[3] The number of employees fell from 27,600 in 2001 to 8,700 in 2011, mainly through voluntary retirements coupled with significant bonuses.[2][4] The privatization of the Galați yard was the first such successful endeavor in the Romanian steel industry, which fared especially well in 2006-2008, thanks to foreign and domestic demand for private infrastructure.[4] However, it suffered a downturn with the onset of the late-2000s financial crisis,[4] and output was 3.5 million tons a year by 2011.[2]

In 2019, the unit was purchased by Liberty Steel, a subsidiary of the GFG Alliance.[5]


Galați is Romania's largest steel works, and forms an important part of the city's economy.[4] It is also the only one not to use electric arc furnaces, instead relying on iron ore and coal to produce a special type of steel that welds more easily and is thus suitable for making sheet metal.[4] There are two processing plants; five furnaces, including two that run constantly; two steelworks, one of which always runs; three lines for constant casting; a hot rolling machine and a cold roll one; two sheet metal rollers; and a zinc plating line.[6]

A 2011 study found that two-thirds of Galați residents either worked or used to work at the plant or related factories, or had an immediate family member do so.[2] According to official records, output reached a maximum in 1988, with 8.2 million tons worth some $7.2 billion.[2] By the early 1990s, the works had caused serious air, water and soil pollution in Galați.[7] As of 2010, there were a number of waste disposal lakes behind the works, some containing cyanides, less than 2km away from the Danube.[8]

Plant Details

Articles and Resources


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 "Liberty takes over Romanian steel plant in Galati under global deal". Romania Insider. Archived from the original on January 17, 2021. Retrieved January 15, 2022.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 Increasing and decreasing the Galati Iron and Steel Company. It has been 45 years since Ceausescu cut the PHOTO ribbon (Romanian), Adevarul, Nov. 28, 2011, Retrieved on: Mar. 13, 2020
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 Company history at the ArcelorMittal site; accessed February 19, 2012
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.5 Adrian Cojocar, "Cum s-a restructurat în ultimii 20 de ani unul dintre principalii piloni ai industriei: siderurgia", Ziarul Financiar, 26 January 2011; accessed February 19, 2012
  5. Valentin Trufașu, "Liberty a cumpărat activele ArcelorMittal printr-o tranzacţie de 740 de milioane de euro", Adevărul, 1 July 2019; accessed October 14, 2019
  6. Company profile at the ArcelorMittal site; accessed February 19, 2012
  7. Robert Atkinson, The Environment in Eastern Europe: 1990, p.51. IUCN, 1991 ISBN: 2-8317-0036-1
  8. Marian Păvălașc, "La Galaţi se poate produce în orice moment un dezastru ecologic similar cu cel din Ungaria", Adevărul, 12 October 2010; accessed June 17, 2012
  9. 9.0 9.1 "Fact Book 2018" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on January 27, 2022. Retrieved January 27, 2022.
  10. "Creşterea şi descreşterea Combinatului Siderurgic Galaţi. S-au împlinit 45 de ani de când Ceauşescu a tăiat panglica FOTO". Galati. Archived from the original on January 14, 2022. Retrieved January 18, 2022.
  11. 11.0 11.1 "Domů" (PDF). LIBERTY Steel Czech Republic. Retrieved January 25, 2022.
  12. "Production Program - Skopje" (PDF). Liberty Steel. Archived (PDF) from the original on March 20, 2022. Retrieved March 20, 2022.
  13. "Home". LIBERTY Steel Romania. Archived from the original on January 29, 2022. Retrieved January 26, 2022.
  14. "Pipes Tubes Catalogue 2019" (PDF). Liberty Galati. Retrieved 2022-04-03.
  15. A new force in steel, Liberty Steel, 2019
  16. Liberty commits to $220 million Galati investment, Eurometal, Sep. 23, 2019, Retrieved on: Mar. 13, 2020

Other resources

Wikipedia also has an article on GFG Liberty Galati steel plant. This article may use content from the Wikipedia article under the terms of the GFDL.