Hai Duong Thermal Power Plant

From Global Energy Monitor

Hải Dương Thermal Power Plant is a 1,200-megawatt (MW) coal plant under development in Hải Dương province, Vietnam.


The map below shows the project site in Phuc Thanh and Quang Trung communes, Kinh Môn district, Hải Dương province.

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In Sept. 2011, workers broke ground on a 1,200-MW coal power plant in Hải Dương province. The project's sponsor is Malaysian company JAKS Resources, and the plant would cost $2.25 billion. One 600-MW unit is expected to be completed in late 2016, and the second in 2017. The plant would use coal supplied by Vinacomin.[1]

In late 2012 and early 2013, three investment partners on the project — Island Circle Investment Holding (Malaysia), Meiya Power (China), and Sanjung Merpati (Malaysia) — terminated their partnerships with JAKS.[2] In August 2013, the Vietnamese Minister of Industry & Trade pushed the contractors working on the plant, as well as provincial officials, to both accelerate the pace of work in order to finish according to schedule, and to ensure that planned local social and environmental mitigation projects are in fact built.[3]

In March 2014, JAKS' partnership with Chinese company Wuhan Kaidi Electric Power Engineering lapsed, and Kaidi exited the project; Kaidi had been both the engineering, procurement, & construction (EPC) contractor for the project, as well as putting up 40% of the equity. However, since JAKS had already spent $31 million on the project, the company stated that it would continue to pursue the project, and would try to find investors to replace those that it had lost.[2]

In July 2015, JAKS announced that it had reached agreement with China Power Engineering Consulting Group (CPECC) to build the plant. CPECC would put down $280 million and JAKS would front $125 million; the remainder of the plant's $1.87 billion cost would be financed through debt markets.[4] Pending final approval of this new arrangement by the Vietnamese and Chinese governments, JAKS hopes to begin construction in early 2016 and complete the plant by 2020.[5]

In March 2016, JAKS broke ground on construction. Unit 1 was scheduled to come online by December 2019, and Unit 2 by June 2020.[6]

In August 2016, provincial officials said that the project was moving too slowly, and urged the Ministry of Industry & Trade to investigate further. The project's main sponsor, JAKS, was reportedly having financial difficulties.[7][8]

In July 2017, a report in Báo Pháp luật Việt Nam (Vietnam Law Newspaper) on the dredging of sand for the development of the inland port section of the project questioned whether the project was the "tip of the iceberg" for illicit removal.[9]

On August 2, 2017, concrete was poured for No. 11 boiler foundation of the plant.[10]

In July 2018, it was reported that construction of the plant was 30% complete.[11]

In June 2019, the completion date for Unit 1 was delayed to 2020 and the completion date for Unit 2 was delayed to 2021 in the Ministry Of Industry And Trade's report on the implementation of the revised seventh Power Development Plan (PDP7).[12] In February 2020 the National Steering Committee on power development reported that construction is 75% complete and that Unit 1 is scheduled to be commissioned in December 2020 and Unit 2 in June 2021.[13] In May 2020 it was reported that foreign workers for the plant were not being permitted to enter Vietnam from China due to Covid-19-related travel restrictions.[14]

It was reported that Unit 1 began commercial operation on November 24, 2020.[15] However, Vietnamese media has reported that the construction of the project’s slag disposal pit is delayed and is not yet complete, posing questions about how the first unit intends to handle its boiler slag and bottom ash. It's estimated that Unit 2 will be operational in June 2021.[16]


In October 2015, a financing agreement was closed for the 1200-MW project. US$1,402 million in loans will be provided by ICBC, China Construction Bank, and China Exim Bank. US$510 million in equity is being provided by JAKS Resources and China Power Engineering Consulting Group.[17]

Environmental impact

As of February 2020, a permit application for the plant's slag disposal site had not yet been approved.[13]

Project Details

  • Sponsor: JAKS Resources and China Power Engineering Consulting Group (CPECC)
  • Parent company: JAKS Resources, Energy China[10] (note: CPECC is a subsidiary of Energy China)
  • Location: Phuc Thanh/Quang Trung communes, Kinh Môn district, Hải Dương province, Vietnam
  • Coordinates: 21.0335, 106.41218 (exact)
  • Status: Unit 1: Operating; Unit 2: Construction
  • Gross Capacity: 1,200 MW (2 x 600 MW)
  • Type:
  • In service: Unit 1: 2020; Unit 2: June 2021
  • Coal Type: Anthracite
  • Coal Source: Vietnam (Vinacomin)
  • Source of financing: US$1,402 million in debt from ICBC, China Construction Bank, and China Exim Bank; US$510 million in equity from JAKS Resources and China Power Engineering Consulting Group[17]

Articles and resources


  1. Work Starts on Hai Duong Power Plant, Viêt Nam News, Sept. 13, 2011.
  2. 2.0 2.1 JAKS Hai Duong power plant in jeopardy, Sun Daily, 2 Apr. 2014.
  3. Hai Duong Thermal Power Plant Project Needs Accelerating, Vietmaz website, Aug. 17, 2013.
  4. China Power to invest RM1.2b in JAKS power plant in Vietnam, Malaysia Star, 6 July 2015.
  5. JAKS finds partner for Hai Duong power plant, Vietnam Economic Times, 14 July 2015.
  6. "Khởi công nhà máy nhiệt điện Hải Dương công xuất 1.200 MW," Cong An Nhan Dan, 27 Mar. 2016.
  7. Nhiệt điện Hải Dương chậm tiến độ: Vốn Trung Quốc, Bao Dat Viet, 28 Aug. 2016.
  8. Nhiệt điện Hải Dương chậm tiến độ 39 tháng, nhà đầu tư không đủ năng lực?, Bao Phap Luat, 2 Sept. 2016.
  9. "Hải Dương: Nguy cơ 'chảy máu tài nguyên' tại Dự án nhà máy nhiệt điện," Báo Pháp luật Việt Nam (Vietnam Law Newspaper), 17 July 2017
  10. 10.0 10.1 "Construction for No. 11 Boiler Foundation of Hai Duong Thermal Power Plant Completed," Energy China, 17 August 2017
  11. BOT Hai Duong Thermal Power Project Báo Đầu Tư, Jul. 29, 2018
  12. Implementation of Power Projects in the Revised Power Development Plan 7, Ministry of Industry and Trade, Republic of Vietnam, Jun. 4, 2019
  13. 13.0 13.1 Tình hình thực hiện các dự án điện theo hình thức BOT ở Việt Nam, Feb. 14, 2020
  14. Covid-19 tác động tới tiến độ nhiều dự án điện, Bao Dau Thau, May 6, 2020
  15. Commercial operation of Unit 1 of Vietnam Haiyang Coal-fired Power Plant invested and constructed by Energy China, International Energy Information Network, Dec. 2, 2020
  16. Đề nghị ‘xác thực’ việc dự án Nhiệt điện BOT Hải Dương chậm tiến độ, NĂNG LƯỢNG VIỆT NAM, Nov. 3, 2020
  17. 17.0 17.1 "Preview of Hai Duong Coal-Fired Power Plant (1200MW) | Transaction | IJGlobal". ijglobal.com. Retrieved 2020-09-23.

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