Key private sector decision makers on coal
In the United States, two dozen chief executive officers are in charge of companies that own 728 out of the 1,522 existing coal-fired generating units. The total capacity of these 728 plants is 235,927 MW, or 70 percent of total U.S. coal-fired power capacity of 335,891.
|CEO||Company/Entity||Number of Coal Plants in U.S. (2005)||U.S. Coal-Fired Capacity (2005)||2007 Revenue||Active Coal Plant Proposals (2013)|
|Michael G. Morris||American Electric Power||63||27,636 MW||$12,101 million||Hempstead|
|David M. Ratcliffe||Southern Company||68||26,610 MW||$15,140 million||Kemper Project|
|Jim Rogers||Duke Energy (including Progress Energy)||93||26,502 MW||$21,596 million||Edwardsport Plant|
|David W. Crane||NRG Energy (including GenOn Energy)||70||20,865 MW||$19,216 million||none|
|Tom D. Kilgore||Tennessee Valley Authority (U.S. gov't)||63||17,647 MW||$9,105 million||none|
|Gary L. Rainwater||Ameren||31||10,719 MW||$7,380 million||none|
|Warren Buffett and Gregory E. Abel||MidAmerican Energy||29||10,281 MW||$12,376 million||none|
|John W. Rowe||Exelon||21||9,415 MW||$18,916 million||none|
|Richard C. Kelly||Xcel Energy||30||9,021 MW||$9,960 million||none|
|Anthony J. Alexander||FirstEnergy||36||8,495 MW||$12,552 million||none|
|Thomas F. Farrell II||Dominion||32||8,417 MW||$15,674 million||none|
|Wulf H. Bernotat||E.ON||29||8,347 MW||$108,026 million||none|
|Anthony F. Earley Jr.||DTE Energy||22||7,997 MW||$8,506 million||none|
|Paul J. Evanson||Allegheny Energy||22||7,636 MW||$3,307 million||none|
|David Campbell||Luminant||9||6,137 MW||$8,500 million||none|
|James H. Miller||PPL||13||5,981 MW||$6,498 million||none|
|Paul Hanrahan||AES||29||5,406 MW||$13,588 million||none|
|William D. Harvey||Alliant Energy||30||4,055 MW||$3,438 million||none|
|J. Wayne Leonard||Entergy||5||4,014 MW||$11,484 million||none|
|Bruce A. Williamson||Dynegy / LS Power||12||3,755 MW||$3,103 million||Sandy Creek Plant|
|Paul M. Barbas||DPL||11||3,521 MW||$1,516 million||none|
|Robert C. Skaggs Jr.||NiSource||10||3,470 MW||$6,894 million||none|
Rolling Stone Magazine calls out so-called "Climate Killers"
In the January 2010 edition of Rolling Stone Magazine, journalist Tim Dickinson profiled the top 17 United States "polluters and deniers who are derailing efforts to curb global warming". Below are excerpts from the article.
- Despite being a key adviser to Obama during the financial crisis, America's best-known investor has been blasting the president's push to curb global warming — using the same lying points promoted by far-right Republicans. The climate bill passed by the House, Buffett insists, is a "huge tax — and there's no sense calling it anything else." What's more, he says, the measure would mean "very poor people are going to pay a lot more money for their electricity." Never mind that the climate bill, according to the nonpartisan Congressional Budget Office, would actually save Americans with the lowest incomes about $40 a year.
- But Buffett, whose investments have the power to move entire markets, is doing far more than bad-mouthing climate legislation — he's literally banking on its failure. In recent months, the Oracle of Omaha has invested billions in carbon-polluting industries, seeking to cash in as the world burns. His conglomerate, Berkshire Hathaway, has added 1.28 million shares of America's biggest climate polluter, ExxonMobil, to its balance sheet. And in November, Berkshire placed a huge wager on the future of coal pollution, purchasing the Burlington Northern Santa Fe railroad for $26 billion — the largest acquisition of Buffett's storied career. BNSF is the nation's top hauler of coal, shipping some 300 million tons a year. That's enough to light up 10 percent of the nation's homes — many of which are powered by another Berkshire subsidiary, MidAmerican Energy. Although Berkshire is the largest U.S. firm not to disclose its carbon pollution — and second globally only to the Bank of China — its utilities have the worst emissions intensity in America, belching more than 65 million tons of CO2 into the atmosphere in 2008 alone.
- As a savvy investor, Buffett would only buy a coal-shipping railroad if he felt certain that Congress will fail to crack down on climate pollution. "Whatever hurts coal also hurts the railroad business," observes Peter Gray, a corporate climate attorney at the international law firm of McKenna Long & Aldridge. "Mr. Buffett must believe that efforts to adopt cap-and-trade legislation will fail."
- That's a strange position for the billionaire to take, given that he's promised to donate more than 80 percent of his fortune to the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation. "As someone who is giving so much money to international development, Buffett ought to know better," says Joe Romm, who served as an assistant energy secretary under Bill Clinton. "He ought to have spent a great deal of time considering the greatest threats to developing countries — which would have quickly educated him about climate change."
- Ratcliffe, the head of America's second-dirtiest electric utility, has assembled an army of 63 lobbyists — almost twice as many as any other company — to defeat climate legislation. It's a pro-carbon dream team, anchored by Jeffrey Holmstead of Rudy Giuliani's law firm, who worked on behalf of utilities like Southern as a top clean-air official under George W. Bush. The reason for the lobbying blitz: Southern burns a lot of coal — its largest plant produces more carbon pollution than all of Brazil's power plants combined — and new limits on emissions being considered by the Senate could cost the utility some $400 million a year. That's why Ratcliffe continues to deny the reality of global warming: "I don't believe there's an impending catastrophe," he says, insisting that the environment will simply "adapt to changing realities."
- "The value of his stock trumps everything," says Carl Pope, head of the Sierra Club. "It's hard to imagine a more cynical attitude. But no doubt he genuinely sees it that way — his bottom line is the measure of the world."
- In an age when most CEOs are canny enough to at least pay lip service to the realities of climate change, Blankenship stands apart as corporate America's most unabashed denier. Global warming, he insists, is nothing but "a hoax and a Ponzi scheme." His fortune depends on such lies: Massey Energy, the nation's fourth-largest coal-mining operation, unearths more than 40 million tons of the fossil fuel each year — often by blowing the tops off of Appalachian mountains.
- The country's highest-paid coal executive, Blankenship is a villain ripped straight from the comic books: a jowly, mustache-sporting, union-busting coal baron who uses his fortune to bend politics to his will. He recently financed a $3.5 million campaign to oust a state Supreme Court justice who frequently ruled against his company, and he hung out on the French Riviera with another judge who was weighing an appeal by Massey. "Don Blankenship would actually be less powerful if he were in elected office," Rep. Nick Rahall of West Virginia once observed. "He would be twice as accountable and half as feared."
- On the national level, Blankenship enjoys a position of influence on the board of the U.S. Chamber of Commerce, which has led the fight to kill climate legislation. He enjoys inveighing against the "greeniacs" — including Nancy Pelosi, Harry Reid and Al Gore — who are "taking over the world." And he has even taken to tweeting about climate change: "We must demand that more coal be burned to save the Earth from global cooling."
- In more unguarded moments, however, Blankenship confesses that his over-the-top rhetoric is strategic. "If it weren't for guys like me," he says, "the middle would be further to the left." He also admits that his efforts to block climate legislation are ultimately self-serving: "It would probably cut our business in half."
- "Existing Electric Generating Units in the United States, 2005", Energy Information Administration website, accessed April 2008.
- "The Climate Killers" Tim Dickinson, Rolling Stone Magazine, January 2010.
Related GEM.wiki articles
- Sushma Sumbramian, "How Social Pressure Can Drive Eco-Consciousness," Plenty Magazine, November 18, 2008