Limay power station

From Global Energy Monitor

Limay power station is a 450-megawatt (MW) coal-fired power station under construction in Limay, Bataan, in the Philippines. A further 150 MW is under development.


The photo shows the project in Barangay Lamao, Limay, Bataan Province.

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San Miguel Corporation (SMC) is currently building the first four units of a six-unit, three-phase coal-fired power plant with a total planned capacity of 900 MW in Limay Province. According to an August 2013 situationer by the Philippines Department of Energy (DOE), the status of the three phases is as follows:[1]

  • Phase I: On-going securing of permits and other regulatory requirements; SEC issued last 19 August 2011; Land acquisition completed; On-going electric power supply contract negotiation with prospective off-takers; On-going negotiations for financing arrangements; Target construction July 2013; Project cost is $622M / Php25.5B
  • Phase II: On-going negotiation on land acquisition; On-going securing of permits and other regulatory requirements; On-going negotiations for financing arrangements
  • Phase III: On-going negotiation on land acquisition; On-going securing of permits and other regulatory requirements; On-going negotiations for financing arrangements

In January 2014, the Manila Standard Today reported that SMC had begun initial construction, and had selected Formosa Heavy Industries as its engineering, procurement, and construction contractor.[2] In August 2014, construction was reportedly well underway, with the company claiming it was on track to complete Phases I and II in 2016 and 2017.[3] In October 2014, SMC placed an order with Mitsubishi Hitachi Power Systems for steam turbines and generators for Units 3 and 4.[4]

According to the Manila Times, unit 1 is planned for 2016 and unit 6 in 2020.[5]

The project will use a combination of local and imported coal, and will include a jetty for receiving coal.[6]

Financing for Phase I is being provided by Mizuho Bank, Ltd and Standard Chartered Bank, and SMC CPC’s equity. According to the sponsor: "SMC CPC is required to prepare and submit an Environmental and Social Impact Assessment (ESIA), in accordance with applicable environmental and social performance standards such as Equator Principles (EP), International Finance Corporation (IFC) Performance Standards and World Bank (WB) Environment, Health, Safety (EHS) Guidelines, in order to meet the requirements of international lenders.[6]

In February 2016, the company released an environmental and social impact assessment that described the project as 4 x 150 MW in size. It appears that Phase III has been abandoned.[6]

In August 2016, it was reported that construction of the first 150-MW unit was underway with a target completion date of mid-2017. The second 150-MW unit is planned for operation three to four months later.[7]

As of January 2017, the first unit was being tested. The construction timetable had been pushed back, with completion of Unit 1 scheduled for May 2017, and Unit 2 for August. Units 3 and 4 would be completed in 2018.[8]

According to the DOE, Unit 1 entered commercial operation in May 2017 and Unit 2 did so in September 2017.[9]

According to the DOE Unit 3 is scheduled to be commissioned in December 2018, and Unit 4 in February 2019.[10] Unit 3 was commissioned on March 26, 2018.[11] A July 2019 article reports that Unit 4 was commissioned in 2019[12]; this is difficult to confirm as the Covid-19 pandemic resulted in the Philippine Department of Energy (DOE) ceasing publication of its monthly power reports for several months.

Phase I financing

In December 2015, a financing agreement for phase I (units 1 and 2) was closed. US$400 million in loans was provided by DBS Bank, Mizuho Financial Group, Standard Chartered Bank, Siemens Bank, Maybank, Intesa Sanpaolo, CTBC Bank, Bank of Commerce, and MUFG Bank. US$248 million in equity was provided by San Miguel Corporation.[13]

Phase II financing

In June 2017, a financing agreement for phase II (units 3 and 4) was closed. US$913,541,262 in loans was provided by a syndicate of local banks.[14]

Biomass conversion

In October 2018, SMC announced that it would convert its existing power plants using CFB technology into biomass power facilities, including its coal-fired plants in Limay and Malita.[15]


In December 2016 and January 2017, the Environmental Management Bureau and the Office of the DENR secretary hit SMC with violation notices, stating that the plant's testing operations had potentially resulted in ash spills into a waterway, and that fly ash from the plant had been reported as causing respiratory problems among local residents.[16] SMC said that they were deploying doctors to the local community and that they had "stopped dumping ash".[17][18] In spite of this, the company issued a press release in February 2017 congratulating itself on the low emissions level of the new plant. That report did not mention the pollution problems several months earlier.[19]

Project Details

  • Sponsor: SMC Consolidated Power Corp.
  • Location: Brgy. Lamao, Limay, Bataan
  • Coordinates: 14.5204064, 120.6026809 (exact)
  • Status: Units 1 & 2: Operating; Unit 3: Operating; Unit 4: Operating; Units 5 & 6: Cancelled
  • Gross Capacity:
    • Phase I: 300 MW (2 x 150 MW)
    • Phase II: 300 MW (2 x 150 MW)
    • Phase III: 300 MW (2 x 150 MW)
  • Type: Subcritical
  • Projected in service: Units 1 & 2: 2017; Unit 3: 2018; Unit 4: 2019
  • Coal Type:
  • Coal Source: Imported and domestic
  • Source of financing: phase I: US$400 million in debt from DBS Bank, Mizuho Financial Group, Standard Chartered Bank, Siemens Bank, Maybank, Intesa Sanpaolo, CTBC Bank, Bank of Commerce, and MUFG Bank; US$248 million in equity from San Miguel Corporation[13]

phase II: US$913,541,262 in debt from a syndicate of local banks[14]

Articles and resources


  1. Energy Situationer 2013: Private Sector Initiated Projects, Philippines Department of Energy, 12 August 2013
  2. Flores, Alena Mae. SMC readies big coal plants. Manila Standard Today, 20 Jan. 2014.
  3. Gonzales, Iris. SMC readies add’l 900-MW capacity. Philippine Star, 1 Aug. 2014.
  4. MHPS Receives Order for 2 Steam Turbine and Generator Sets For Coal-fired Power Plant in the Philippines, Mitsubishi Hitachi Power Systems press release, 30 Oct., 2014.
  5. "SMC on-track for commercial operation of 900MW Limay power plant," Manila Times, May 4, 2015
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 "Limay Coal-Fired Power Plant Project: Non-technical Summary," GHD, February 2016
  7. "SMC Global Power eyes increased capacity," Business World, Aug 16, 2016
  8. SMC’s Limay coal plant to start commercial operations by May, BusinessWorld, 25 Jan. 2017.
  9. List of Existing Power Plants, Department of Energy, 31 December 2017
  10. 2018 Private Sector initiated power projects in Luzon (committed), Department of Energy, Republic of the Philippines, September 2018
  12. Covid-19 to weigh on the Philippines' coal burn, Argus Media, Jul. 10, 2020
  13. 13.0 13.1 "Preview of Limay Coal-Fired Power Plant Phase I (300MW) | Transaction | IJGlobal". Retrieved 2020-11-24.
  15. San Miguel plans power plants’ transition to biomass technology, BusinessWorld, Oct. 4, 2018
  16. Lopez asked to shut down Bataan coal plant, Business Mirror, 19 Feb 2017.
  17. Bataan town execs, SMC probe link of ailments with coal plant ash spill, Philippine Daily Inquirer, 9 Jan 2017.
  18. Bataan coal-fired power plant’s operation stopped amid complaints of ‘ash fall’, Business Mirror, 9 Jan. 2017.
  19. SMC touts low emissions of Limay power plant, Philippine Daily Inquirer, 13 Feb. 2017.

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