Port Kembla Coal Terminal

From Global Energy Monitor

The Port Kembla Coal Terminal (PKCT) is a coal exporting facility in New South Wales, Australia.

The facility services two of the nation’s largest coal reserves, the Southern and Western coalfields of New South Wales, exporting coking and steam coal.


The terminal is located on Australia’s east coast, 72 km south of Sydney, Australia.

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Project Details

  • Owner: Glencore, South32, Jindal Group, Centennial Coal, GFG Alliance, Peabody
  • Location: Port Kembla, New South Wales, Australia
  • Capacity: 18 million of coal per annum[1] with actual exports of 14 million tonnes
  • Status: Operating
  • Start year: 1982
  • Type: Exports
  • Coal source: Southern and Western coalfields of New South Wales


The terminal is operated on behalf of a consortium of several coal producers on the Southern and Western coalfields, who lease the Terminal from the New South Wales government. As of March 2018, members of the consortium are: Glencore, South32 (formerly BHP Billiton), Wollongong Coal (of the Jindal Group), Centennial Coal, GFG Alliance (of the Gupta family), and Peabody.[2][3]

In March 2012, Port Technology International reported that, due to growing demand for coal, PKCT would launch a $500 million project to expand the terminal's annual export capacity to 22.5 million tons.[4] However, as of January 2015, neither PKCT nor BHP Billiton mentions any such expansion on its website.

The PKCT consortium holds a lease on the terminal until 2030, obtained from the New South Wales government-owned Port Kembla port authority. In October 2012, the New South Wales government made moves to privatize Port Kembla, soliciting bids for a 99-year lease on the port, but noting that the coal terminal would be excluded from the sale. In April 2013, the lease was sold for A$760 million to NSW Ports, a consortium of Australian and Abu Dhabi-based investors.[5][6]

In 2014 NSW Ports announced plans to greatly expand Port Kembla's outer harbor to allow larger ships, including Cape size and Super-Post Panamax vessels to enter the harbor.[7]

The terminal receives about 60% of its coal by rail[8] and exports approximately over 14 million tonnes of coal per year, with an annual capacity of 18 million tonnes.[1][9]

In March 2022, the terminal declared force majeure after destructive floods disrupted loading. In 2021, the exported around 14-million tons of coal, mostly to Asian buyers, according to report by DELMIA Quintiq.[10]

Contact details

Port Kembla Road,
Inner Harbour
Wollongong NSW 2500

PO Box 823
Wollongong NSW 2520
Phone: 02 4228 0288
Email: info AT pkct.com.au
Website: http://www.pkct.com.au/index.html

Articles and resources


  1. 1.0 1.1 "Australian coal freight transport" page 14, Department of Infrastructure and Regional Development of Australian Government, accessed August 2021.
  2. Port Kembla Coal Terminal, "Shareholders", Port Kembla Coal Terminal website, accessed March 2018
  3. "Coal: Assets: Illawarra Coal, Australia", BHP Billiton website, accessed January 2015.
  4. "Port Kembla Coal Terminal set for $500 million expansion", Port Technology, March 1, 2012.
  5. "Australian coal port Kembla put up for sale", Argus Media, October 3, 2012.
  6. "Australia's Port Kembla coal terminal gains new landlord in $5.3 bil NSW ports privatization", Platts, April 12, 2013.
  7. "Port Kembla expansion to boost Illawarra jobs, economy", Illawarra Mercury, April 4, 2014.
  8. "About PKCT" Port Kembla Coal Terminal Website, accessed January 2015.
  9. [https://www.3ds.com/sites/default/files/2020-07/port-kembla-delmia-quintiq-case-study.pdf "Port Kembla Coal Terminal improves performance in six months with Quintiq" page 2], Quintiq, July 2020.
  10. Australia coal export terminal declares force majeure on flood, Mining.com, March 10, 2022

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