Port of Zhanjiang

From Global Energy Monitor

Port of Zhanjiang is a natural deep water harbor in Guangdong Province in the the southwest of China. It handles coal.

Location

Zhanjiang Port is located at the southernmost tip of mainland China's Guangdong Province. It is northeast of the Leizhou Peninsula and is situated in Guangzhou Bay It is a natural deep water port sheltered by an island which forms a natural barrier resulting in it having broad, calm waters.

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History

The Port of Zhanjiang was a minor fishing port until the French occupied the area in 1898. The French called it Fort Bayard, and hoped to develop it into a free port, however, the area was very impoverished which mitigated against this. The French remained in charge until the Japanese conquered the area in 1943 during World War II After the war it was returned to the French but General Charles de Gaulle signed it over to China in 1946.[1]

The port was designed and reconstructed as China's first modern port, the project being commenced in 1956. After nearly 50 years of construction, the existing 39 wharves are able to handle the containers, general cargo and bulk cargo that arrives at the port. It also has facilities for petroleum, chemicals, and exports.[1]

In 1984 it was made an open city, inviting foreign investment and stimulating international industrial development.[1]

Port commerce

Major cargoes handled by the Port of Zhanjiang include coal, petroleum, mineral ores, non-metallic ores, chemical fertilizers and other agricultural chemicals, grains, non-ferrous metals, industrial chemicals, steel products, medical products, and lumber.

The Port of Zhanjiang contains a terminal devoted to grains, general and breakbulk cargoes, passengers, and ship repairs. A second terminal is devoted to handling iron ore, with total capacity for 12.7 million tons annually. A third terminal contains a production berth, ship repair and landing craft wharf, coal berth, ore mineral berth, and breakbulk berth. In 2006, the terminal handled over 10.7 million tons of cargo. [2]

Coal capacity

The port features one 150,000-ton coal berth.[3] In the first three months of 2012, coal imports via the port grew to 1.15 million tonnes, a six-fold year-on-year increase. This implies a total coal import capacity at the port of roughly 5 million tonnes per year.[4]

Port Infrastructure

Since 1999 the three main construction projects have been the implementation of the 300,000 ton crude oil terminal in 2002, the 250,000-ton iron ore terminal in 2005 and the deep-water channel. Vessels up to 280 thousand Deadweight tonnage can be accommodated at the port. In 2006, the port handled over 35.5 million tons of general cargo, 182 thousand twenty-foot equivalent unit in Intermediate bulk container and more than 50 million tons of domestic cargoes.[1]

Port Details

  • Operator: Zhanjiang Port (Group) Co. Ltd
  • Location: Zhanjiang city, Guangdong province, China
  • Annual Coal Capacity (Tonnes per year): 5 million
  • Status: Existing
  • Type: Imports
  • Coal source:

Articles and resources

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 World Port Source
  2. "Port of Zhanjiang" World Port Source accessed July 21, 2011.
  3. "A cooperation project of Bonded Logistics Park in Zhanjiang Port," Zhanjiang, accessed July 2015
  4. "Zhanjiang port coal imports surge in Q1," China Coal Resource, 27 April 2012

Related GEM.wiki articles

External resources

External links

Wikipedia also has an article on Port of Zhanjiang. This article may use content from the Wikipedia article under the terms of the GFDL.