Villa de Reyes-Aguascalientes-Guadalajara Gas Pipeline

From Global Energy Monitor


This article is part of the Global Fossil Infrastructure Tracker, a project of Global Energy Monitor.

Villa de Reyes-Aguascalientes-Guadalajara Gas Pipeline, also known as the VAG Pipeline or Gasoducto VAG, is an operating natural gas pipeline passing through the states of Jalisco, Aguascalientes and San Luis Potosí, Mexico.[1]


The pipeline runs from Villa de Reyes, San Luis Potosí to Aguascalientes, Aguascalientes to Guadalajara, Jalisco.[2]

Its route passes through Villa de Arriaga (San Luis Potosí state), Pinos (Zacatecas state), El Llano (Aguascalientes state), and several municipalities in Jalisco state, including Ojuelos de Jalisco, Lagos de Moreno, Encarnación de Díaz, Teocaltiche, Jalostotitlán, Cañadas de Obregón, Valle de Guadalupe, Tepatitlán de Morelos, Acatic, Zapotlanejo, El Salto, Tonalá, Tlajomulco de Zuñiga, lxtlahuacán de los Membrillos, and Jocotepec.[3][4]

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Project Details

  • Operator: Esentia Pipeline de Occidente, S. de R. L. de C.V.[5]
  • Owner: Esentia Energy Systems[6] (formerly Fermaca de México, S de R.L. de C.V. [7])
  • Parent Company: Fermaca[7]
  • Current capacity: 1016 million cubic feet per day[6]
  • Length: 390 km[6][8]
  • Diameter: 20 inches, 36 inches[6][9]
  • Status: Operating
  • Financing: US$485 million debt financing from ING, Santander, Banco Sabadell, Mizuho, Intesa, Natixis, Nord LB, KfW, BNP Paribas and KDB[10]
  • Start Year: 2020[11][12][13]
  • Associated infrastructure:


The Villa de Reyes-Aguascalientes-Guadalajara Gas Pipeline is the southernmost and final segment of the Wahalajara network, which brings natural gas from Texas to Mexico via a series of interconnecting pipelines. The Wahalajara system is named after the Waha oil field in Pecos County, Texas and the Mexican city of Guadalajara, which form the northern and southern extremities of the pipeline network. From north to south, the other pipelines included in the Wahalajara network are the Trans-Pecos Gas Pipeline (completed in 2017), the Ojinaga-El Encino Gas Pipeline (2017), the El Encino-La Laguna Gas Pipeline (2018), and the La Laguna-Aguascalientes Natural Gas Pipeline (2019).[14]

The Wahalara pipeline network will play a key role in getting U.S.-sourced gas to displace other LNG imports to Mexico at the Manzanillo LNG Terminal on the Pacific Coast and the Altamira LNG Terminal on the Gulf of Mexico coast. Furthermore, these lines are expected to provide de-bottlenecking relief to the U.S. Permian Basin in West Texas and New Mexico, where production has grown so fast that it exceeds current pipeline takeaway capacity.[15] Major customers to be supplied by the pipeline include ArcelorMittal, whose Lázaro Cárdenas steel plant is Mexico's largest industrial consumer of natural gas, and the gas-fired power plants at Manzanillo and Salamanca.[9]

The Villa de Reyes-Aguascalientes-Guadalajara Gas Pipeline is owned and operated by Fermaca.[1] Construction of the pipeline was completed in March 2020[16], and it began commercial operations in October 2020.[8][13][17][18]


In early 2020, communities along the Río Santiago in Jalisco state filed an injunction calling for cancellation of the Villa de Reyes-Aguascalientes-Guadalajara pipeline project due to its negative impact on health and the natural environment.[19]


In November 2016 the project received US$485 million in debt financing from ING, Santander, Banco Sabadell, Mizuho, Intesa, Natixis, Nord LB, KfW, BNP Paribas and KDB.[10]

Articles and resources


  1. 1.0 1.1 Mexico's Gas Pipeline Woes Yield Binational Challenges, Rigzone, Feb.20 2018
  2. Infrastructure, Santa Fe Gas, accessed October 2018
  3. "Gasoducto Villa de Reyes-Aguascalientes-Guadalajara". Aberartegi. Retrieved 2021-06-30.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  4. "Manifestación de Impacto Ambiental: Proyecto Villa de Reyes - Aguascalientes - Guadalajara" (PDF). Semarnat (Secretaría de Medio Ambiente y Recursos Naturales). August 25, 2016.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  5. "Permiso de Transporte de Gas Natural por Medio de Ductos G/20157/TRA/2017 Gasoducto Villa de Reyes-Aguascalientes-Guadalajara". Diario Oficial de la Federación. August 15, 2023. {{cite web}}: line feed character in |title= at position 74 (help)CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 6.3 "Sistemas de Transporte". Esentia Energy Systems. Retrieved 2023-08-18.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  7. 7.0 7.1 "Infrastructure for Mexico and the World: Fermaca Global". Fermaca Dreams. Retrieved 2023-08-18.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  8. 8.0 8.1 "Casi un año después, gasoducto 'leonino' de Fermaca inicia operaciones tras disputa con CFE • Forbes México". Forbes México. 2020-10-02.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  9. 9.0 9.1 "Red de gasoductos "Wahalajara" ya opera en su totalidad". El Economista. October 4, 2020.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  10. 10.0 10.1 Villa de Reyes - Aguascalientes - Guadalajara Gas Pipeline (389KM), IJGlobal, accessed Aug. 18, 2020
  11. "Arranca gasoducto Villa de Reyes-Guadalajara". El Norte. July 8, 2020.
  12. "About Us – Our History". Fermaca. Retrieved 2021-04-06.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  13. 13.0 13.1 "US gas exports to Mexico set to rise with Wahalajara completion". Oil & Gas Journal. July 6, 2020.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  15. Rick Margolin and Esteban Trejo, Mexican Pipeline Delays To Impact U.S. Gas Flows, Oil Price, accessed October 2019
  16. "Wahalajara commercial start possible for June, but outlook complex". ICIS. April 30, 2020.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  17. "El gasoducto Villa de Reyes-Guadalajara, de Fermaca, comienza operaciones". Expansión. 2020-10-02.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  18. "Pipeline completion expected to boost natural gas exports to Mexico". San Antonio Express News. July 6, 2020.
  19. "Pueblos se amparan contra termoeléctrica y gasoducto". El Informador. January 9, 2020.

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