Zivojno coal mine

From Global Energy Monitor

The Zivojno coal mine is a proposed project, to be operated by ESM, near Bitola, North Macedonia.

The mine, an extension of the Brod-Gneotino coal mine, will provide lignite to the Bitola power station.[1]

In 2022, North Macedonia nominated the projectfor EU funding under the Economic and Investment Plan[2]


The satellite photo below shows the location of the proposed mine site near Bitola, North Macedonia.[1]

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The Zivojno mine would be an expansion of the Brod-Gneotino coal mine and produce 1 million tonnes through underground operations and 2 million tonnes from surface operations.[1]

In 2021, the director of AD ESM, a state owned company, announced that they are taking concrete steps to open the mine.[3]

Local environmental groups criticized the announcements. As The Center for Research and Environmental Information "Eco-consciousness" put it: "All this is happening in a period when the Energy Development Strategy until 2040 is being developed and adopted. and work on the National Energy and Climate Plan - planning documents that clearly indicate the need for accelerated energy transformation and move away from the use of fossil fuels, which set the country as a leader within the Energy Community in terms of plans for transformation of energy sector."[3]

Project Details

  • Owner: ESM [1]
  • Parent company: State owned
  • Location: near Bitola, North Macedonia
  • GPS coordinates: 40.967495, 21.539161 (exact)
  • Mine status: Proposed[1]
  • Production: 3 million tonnes[1]
  • Start year: TBD
  • Mineable reserves: 53 million tons[1]
  • Coal type: lignite
  • Mine size:
  • Mine type: Surface, Underground

Articles and resources


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 Development and Investment Plan 2018-2022, Company Website, March 2018
  2. Pippa Gallop, Flagships or red flags? Risks of proposed flagship infrastructure projects under the Economic and Investment Plan for the Western Balkans, Bankwatch Briefing, March 2022
  3. 3.0 3.1 Kristina Dimitrova, "NO to new lignite and coal mines", The Center for Research and Environmental Information (Eco-consciousness),April 1, 2022

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External resources

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