Haldia Port

From Global Energy Monitor

Haldia Port, also known as the Haldia Dock Complex (HDC), is a major seaport located along the Hooglhy River in West Bengal, India.

The port is the larger of two dock facilities operated by the Kolkata Port Trust, the smaller being the Kolkata Dock System, located about 100km upstream. The two facilities together are often collectively referred to as the Kolkata Port.

The port has four terminals: one dry bulk cargo terminal, one liquid bulk cargo terminal, a container terminal, and a multi-purpose terminal.[1] The dry bulk cargo terminal includes four berths for coking coal and one for thermal coal.[2]


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Main imports include coking coal, petroleum and metallurgical coke, soda ash, iron and steel, limestone, machinery, scrap, vegetables, and general cargoes.[3]

Mechanized coal operations at Haldia Port were disrupted indefinitely in October 2012, when Haldia Bulk Terminals (KBT), the company in charge of unloading cargo at Haldia Port's mechanized berths 2 and 8, dismissed all of its employees and announced its intention to abandon the port due to unsafe working conditions.[4] In late 2014, after unsuccessful attempts to lure HBT back to the port or find a new cargo handler to replace HBT, the Kolkata Port Trust (KoPT), operator of Haldia Port, has resumed its search for a new cargo handler.[5][6][7] In the interim, large vessels carrying imported coal bound for Farakka power station and Kahalgaon Super Thermal Power Plant have begun transloading their cargoes to smaller ships and barges at Sandheads and Kanika Sands in the Bay of Bengal for delivery via National Waterway I to the power plants.[8][9][10] It is unclear when mechanized coal operations resumed at Haldia Port. However, as of 2019, the port was handling coal, as indicated by a strike of coal-handling workers demanding higher wages.[11]

The 2019 strike disrupted a weekly coal shipment of 35,000 tonnes to coal-fired power stations operated by the Tamil Nadu Generation and Distribution Corporation (TANGEDCO), a government-owned enterprise. However, that contract ended in 2020, with TANGEDCO now sourcing coal from Odisha, leading to a loss of 2 million tonnes of cargo per year for Haldia Port.[12]

In 2020, the Haldia Port handled 2.4 million tonnes of thermal coal, 7.7 million tonnes of coking coal, and 7.9 million tonnes of "Other Coal/Coke", for a total of 17.9 million tonnes of coal. This was a slight decline from 19.7 million tonnes of coal handled in 2019.[13]

Expansion Plans

In 2016, the port announced plans to build two new outer terminals, along with a riverine coal-handling jetty at Outer Terminal I equipped with integrated mechanized systems to handle all types of coal and coke, with construction of the ₹590 crore (approximately US$80 million) project to start in 2017-18.[14][15] As of November 2021, there are no indications that construction ever began on the expansion.

In October 2021, Adani Ports and Special Economic Zone Ltd (APSEZ) won a bid to develop a mechanized coal handling dock at Haldia Port. The new dock will require an investment of ₹298.26 crore (approximately US$40 million), and will have capacity to handle 3.744 million tonnes (mt) of dry bulk cargo per year. The proposed dock will be designed to primarily handle all types of import coal. APSEZ will pay a royalty of ₹75 per tonne of cargo handled.[16]

In 2022, an ongoing project for mechanization to Berth 2 would increase capacity 3.7 million tonnes of dry bulk.[17]

Project Details

  • Operator: Kolkata Port Trust (KoPT)
  • Coal Capacity (Tonnes): 20 million
  • Status: Operating

Articles and Resources


  1. "Terminals" Kolkata Port Trust website, accessed February 2018.
  2. "Dry Bulk Cargo Terminal" Kolkata Port Trust website, accessed February 2018.
  3. "Port of Haldia" World Port Source, accessed October 17, 2011.
  4. "Haldia Bulk Terminals sacks 348 more employees" NDTV, November 3, 2012.
  5. "KoPT mulls re-tendering to find a replacement for HBT in Haldia" Business Standard, March 4, 2013.
  6. "Centre moves to end Haldia Bulk Terminals-Kolkata Port row" LiveMint, September 17, 2014.
  7. "Port plan to end Haldia imbroglio" The Telegraph, December 23, 2014.
  8. "Haldia dock crisis: NTPC starts transloading coal" The Times of India, October 16, 2012.
  9. "Kolkata Port Trust begins operations at Kanika Sands" The Times of India, October 17, 2014.
  10. "New transloading system makes coal transport easy" The Hindu, October 20, 2014.
  11. Strike stalls coal loading at Haldia port, The Telegraph Online, July 4, 2019
  12. Cargo handled by all govt-owned ports reach pre-Covid level, The Telegraph Online, Oct. 18, 2021
  14. "Haldia Dock Complex to spend Rs 100 cr to set up coal jetty by August" United News of India, March 22, 2016.
  15. Setting up of Outer Terminal-I, Tariff Authority for Major Ports, September 16, 2016
  16. Adani Ports set for West Bengal entry with a cargo terminal at Haldia Dock, Business Line, Oct. 4, 2021
  17. [ https://infra.economictimes.indiatimes.com/news/ports-shipping/adani-ports-sign-concession-pact-for-haldia-dock-terminal-days-after-apex-court-ruling-on-qualification-in-port-tenders/94234877 Adani Ports sign concession pact for Haldia Dock terminal days after apex court ruling on qualification in port tenders], Economic Times, September 16, 2022

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