Kooragang Coal Terminal
|This article is part of the CoalSwarm coverage of Australia and coal|
Kooragang Coal Terminal is a coal export terminal at the Port of Newcastle in New South Wales, Australia, the world's largest coal export port. Kooragang Coal Terminal is owned by Port Waratah Coal Services (PWCS), and has a licensed capacity of 120 million tonnes per annum (mtpa).
The terminal is located at the Port of Newcastle in New South Wales, Australia. It is one of two terminals at the Port operated by Port Waratah Coal Services, the other being Carrington Coal Terminal on the other side of the South Channel of the Hunter River. Each terminal includes equipment for delivery and storage of coal to the terminal, and for loading the coal onto transport vessels.
- Owner: Port Waratah Coal Services
- Location: Port of Newcastle, New South Wales, Australia
- Annual Capacity (Tonnes): 120 million
- Status: Operating
- Start year: 1984
- Type: Exports
- Coal source: Mines in the Upper Hunter Valley and the Gunnedah Basin, Australia
The Kooragang coal terminal began operating in 1984 and was managed by BHP until its purchase by Port Waratah Coal Services (PWCS) in 1990. From 1994 to 2011, PWCS invested over US$2 billion into the terminal, expanding shiploading capacity from 64 million tonnes to the current capacity of 120 million tonnes. The terminal has berth space for five vessels up to a maximum of 210,000 dwt, with three shiploaders operating at 10,500 tons per hour. The Kooragang Coal Terminal is part of the Hunter Valley Coal Chain, a chain of coal delivery from mines in the Hunter Valley to the Port of Newcastle, and all of the coal received at Kooragang is rail delivery. 
Direct Action against Kooragang coal terminal
July 13 & 14, 2008: Newcastle, NSW, Australia Climate Camp stops coal trains at world's largest coal export port
On July 14, 2008, five activists stopped coal loading at the Kooragang coal terminal for more than two hours by chaining themselves to a conveyor belt. Later that afternoon four protesters padlocked themselves to the tracks at the Carrington coal terminal, stopping all train traffic until police were able cut the group free. All nine were arrested.
The direct actions, organized as part of the Australian Camp for Climate Action, were an attempt to bring worldwide attention to coal's role in climate change and the expansion of Australian coal exports.
- "Kooragang Coal Terminal", Port Waratah Coal Services website, accessed January 2015.
- "More coal protest arrests at Newcastle", Business Spectator, July 14, 2008.
- "Time for Action! People take action to halt coal exports", Camp for Climate Action, Australia website, accessed December 2008.
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