Payra Port

From Global Energy Monitor

Payra Port is a small seaport in southern Bangladesh. It was established by an Act of Parliament in 2013. The port was officially inaugurated in 2016,[1] but work is ongoing to to convert the port into a ‘deep sea port’. Payra is striving for a depth of 16 meters by 2025 when the port is fully operational.[2]

The port would have a terminal for loading and unloading of coal, planned for 2020.[3]


The port is located on the west bank of Rabnabad Channel near the Bay of Bengal in Patuakhali, Bangladesh.

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The Payra Port Authority and the port was established on 19 November 2013 through the Payra Sea Port Act 2013.[4][5] The port started commercial operations from August 2016 under the port authority.[6]

In 2016 China Harbour Engineering Company and China State Construction Engineering signed an agreement with the authority to improve the port.[7] The deals were worth more than 500 million USD and were signed in the Ministry of Shipping in Dhaka.[8]


The port would have a terminal for loading and unloading of coal, to fuel the nearby Kalapara power station, a joint venture between state-owned North-West Power Generation Company (a subsidiary of Bangladesh Power Development Board) and China National Machinery Import & Export (Group) Corporation.[9]

In January 2015 the Bangladesh government said construction of the port would be fast-tracked.[10]

The Chinese government has planned for a coal terminal at the proposed Sonadia Port, but said it would support a coal terminal at Payra Port if plans for Sonadia did not materialize.[11]

In January 2018 it was reported construction of the coal terminal at Payra was underway for unloading coal from mother vessels for the proposed 1200MW coal-fired Payra power station.[12] The coal terminal is planned for operation in 2020.[13]


According to IJGlobal, the project costs for the coal terminal are estimated at US$200-500 million. A tendering process for companies to design, build, finance, operate and maintain the terminal failed in 2019 and re-tendering was being attempted in the first quarter of 2020.[14] In January 2020 it was reported that the Payra Port Authority had signed a US$964 million deal with the Belgian company Jan De Nul for the dredging of a 75 kilometre long and 100–125 metre wide main channel. HSBC and a consortium of unnamed banks were reported to be providing a loan for the dredging works.[15] As of September 2020, the status of the tendering process and the development of the project remained unclear, though the Financial Express of Bangladesh reported in July that Payra Port dredging was one of various major projects to have been hampered by the COVID-19 pandemic.[16]

Project Details of coal terminal

  • Sponsor: Payra Port Authority
  • Location: Kalapara upazila, Patuakhali, Bangladesh.
  • Proposed Coal Capacity (Million tonnes per annum):
  • Status: Construction
  • Projected In Service: 2020
  • Type: Imports
  • Source of Coal: Indonesia
  • Cost:
  • Financing:

Articles and resources


  1. "Payra sea port". The Independent (Editorial). Dhaka. 3 August 2016. Retrieved 2016-11-17.
  2. "Payra to offer Bangladesh shippers new port option," JOC, June 26, 2017
  3. "Agreement signed for capital dredging at Payra port," the independent, Dec 12, 2017
  4. "Welcome to Payra Port Authority". Payra Port Authority. Retrieved 2 April 2017.
  5. "Trial run of Payra port starts today". The Daily Star. 1 August 2016. Retrieved 2 April 2017.
  6. "Payra Sea Port to open commercially Saturday". Retrieved 2 April 2017.
  7. "China's CHEC and CSCEC to develop Payra deep-sea port in Bangladesh". Ship Technology. Retrieved 2 April 2017.
  8. "China companies sign $510m deals for Payra seaport". The Daily Star. 9 December 2016. Retrieved 2 April 2017.
  9. "British firm wins contract for Payra seaport consultancy," Daily Star, Jan 16, 2015
  10. "Matarbari power, Paira seaport now fast track projects," Daily Star, Jan 7, 2015
  11. "Japan Beating China in Race for Indian Ocean Deep-Sea Port," Bloomberg, June 23, 2015
  12. "Multipurpose terminal at Payra port on cards," The Bangladesh Post, Jan 21, 2018
  13. "Agreement signed for capital dredging at Payra port," the independent, Dec. 12, 2017
  14. "Bangladesh pushes coal/bulk terminal PPP deadline," IJGlobal, Feb. 12, 2020
  15. Sharar Nayel, "Payra port re-tenders terminal dredging," Dredging and Port Construction, Jan. 16, 2020
  16. Munima Sultana, "Virus stalls six PPP projects," The Financial Express, Jul. 25, 2020

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