|This article is part of the CoalSwarm coverage of Australia and coal|
Dr Robin Batterham is a director of MBD Energy, a small unlisted Australian company which specialises in what it refers to as "Bio Carbon Capture and Storage" technology which aim to commercially convert power station flue gases to algae which in turn yield oil and animal feed. Since 2010 he has served as Kernot Professor of Engineering at the University of Melbourne.
Controversy over Batterham's dual corporate and government roles
In May 1999 Australian Prime Minister John Howard appointed Batterham to the position of Chief Scientist, to work two days a week advising him on issues, including energy policy. For the remainder of the work week he worked as Managing Director of Research and Technological Development for Rio Tinto. Batterham resigned as Chief Scientist in 2006.
In August 2004, the majority of the members of the Australian Senate Employment, Workplace Relations and Education Committee found that the "potential and apparent conflicts of interest which arise from Dr Batterham's dual part-time roles are as damaging to the Office of the Chief Scientist as any real conflict of interest."
"They erode public confidence in the political and administrative process and call into question the integrity of high level scientific advice provided to Government. The public interest is not being served as long as the perception of a conflict of interest remains and is not properly managed," the committee found. The majority of the committee members recommended that the position be made a full time appointment.
Senator Trish Crossin tabled the report on behalf of the Chair of the Employment, Workplace Relations and Education References Committee, Senator Kim Carr. "The committee considered the allegations of conflict of interest raised by the Australian Greens. It finds that there is a clear conflict of public and private duties arising from the dual part-time roles performed by Dr Batterham. The circumstances of Dr Batterham's part-time appointment fall squarely within any mainstream definition of conflict of interest," she told the Senate. 
"However, the committee does not believe there is any evidence to demonstrate either a direct or indirect pecuniary conflict of interest, or a real conflict of interest arising from the Chief Scientist's advisory role. The committee also finds that the actual, potential and apparent conflicts of interest arising from Dr Batterham's dual part-time roles have not been addressed and managed to the committee's satisfaction," she said.
"The committee is concerned that the Chief Scientist's contract of employment with the minister for science does not contain any accountability provisions for parliamentary oversight of the Office of the Chief Scientist.
Australian Greens Senator, Bob Brown, who pressed for the inquiry welcomed the committee report. "We are in an age where there is enormous concern about global warming. We are in an age where government has a big role in stimulating technology and research about ways forward that get us off the global warming treadmill and the position of the world's worst per capita polluter amongst industrialised nations," he told the Senate. [
Brown told the Senate that during Batterham's term as Chief Scientist, which commenced in 1999, the government had cut back funding for renewable energy but provided "some $340 million in direct, indirect or enhancing grants" for Rio Tinto.
"When you look at the other side of the ledger … you find that the well of funding for the sunrise industries for environmental technology--which are based on renewable energy serving the whole of Australia and on energy efficiency --is basically dry.
"We have seen this extraordinary conjunction of the billowing of government largesse directly and indirectly to a huge company like Rio Tinto, whose chief technologist is Dr Batterham, at the same time as Dr Batterham has been the Chief Scientist for the government--whose role is to advise the government on the way forward. This gives the appearance of a conflict of interest," he said.
The report was dismissed by the Australian Government's Science Minister, Peter McGauran. "The Report serves only to confirm that there is no actual conflict arising from the part-time appointment of the Chief Scientist," he said in a media release. 
Articles and resources
Related GEM.wiki articles
- MBD Energy, "Eminent Australian Scientist, Robin Batterham AO, joins CO2 innovator’s board", Media Release, February 1, 2012.
- Australian Science and Technology Heritage Centre, "Batterham, Robin John (1941 - ), Bright Sparcs, August 6, 2003. (This is a brief biographical profile).
- Minister for Industry, Science and Resources, Senator Nick Minchin, "New chief scientist to advise government", Media Release, May 20, 1999
- Office of Senator Bob Brown, "The Chief Scientist, global warming and potential conflicts of interest", October 2003.
- Andrew Fowler, "Questions raised over chief scientist's Rio Tinto role", 7.30 Report, Australian Broadcasting Corporation, December 8, 2003.
- Edmond Roy, "Questions of conflict of interest over Aust's Chief Scientist", AM, Australian Broadcasting Corporation, December 9, 2003.
- "Greens spark energy funding row", The Australian, December 11, 2002.
- Jonathan Pearlman,"PM's chief scientist put under costs microscope", Sydney Morning Herald, January 15, 2004.
- Jonathan Pearlman, "Minister backs scientist's two jobs", Sydney Morning Herald, January 16, 2004
- Stephen Cauchi, "Senior scientist accused of conflict, The Age, October 7, 2003.
- Senate Standing Committee on Employment, Workplace Relations and Education, "Office of the Chief Scientist, Parliament of Australia, 5 August 2004.
- Parliament of Australia, "Senate Hansard", August 5, 2004, pages 25624-25628. (This section of Hansard records the speeches of Senators following the tabling of the report).
- Senate Standing Committee on Employment, Workplace Relations and Education, "Inquiry into the Office of the Chief Scientist, Parliament of Australia, 5 August 2004.
- Sophie Morris, "Senators want chief scientist to be full-time job", Australian Financial Review, August 6, 2004.
- Aban Contractor, "Inquiry finds conflict of interest in science adviser's dual roles", Sydney Morning Herald, August 6, 2004.
- Peter McGauran, "Chief Scientist inquiry a non-event", Media Release, August 5th 2004.
- Stephanie Peatling, "Scientist quits top job to toil for miner", Sydney Morning Herald, May 17, 2005.
Presentations by Batterham
- Robin Batterham, "Turning nanoscience into nanotechnology - issues for Australia", proceedings Nanoscience - where physics, chemistry and biology collide symposium, Australian Academy of Science, Canberra, 2 May 2003
- Dr Robin Batterham, "National Press Club Address", Federation of Australian Science and Technological Societies, May 9, 2001.
- Robin Batterham, "Pathways towards continued healthy scientific innovation in Australia, On line opinion, June 15, 2001