Urucu-Manaus Gas Pipeline

From Global Energy Monitor

[português]

Urucu-Manaus Gas Pipeline , also known as the Urucu-Coari-Manaus Pipeline, or Gasoduto Urucu-Coari-Manaus in Portuguese, is an operating natural gas pipeline.

Location

The pipeline runs from Petrobras's Pólo Arara production facility in the Urucu oil province to seven gas-fired power plants in Manaus, Brazil. En route, the pipeline passes through the municipalities of Coari, Codajás, Anori, Anamã, Caapiranga, Mancapuru, and Iranduba in Brazil's Amazonas state.[1]

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Project Details

  • Operator: TAG (Transportadora Associada de Gás S.A.)[2]
  • Parent Company: Engie/CDPQ (Caisse de Dépôt et Placement du Québec) 90%, Petrobras 10%[3]
  • Capacity: 5.5 MMcm/d (194 MMcf/d)[1]
  • Length: 412 miles / 663.2 km[1]
  • Diameter: 18 inches, 20 inches[4]
  • Status: Operating
  • Start Year: 2009[1]

Background

The Urucu-Manaus Gas Pipeline transports natural gas from Urucu, Brazil's largest onshore natural gas reserve, to Manaus, the largest city in Brazil's Amazon basin. The pipeline was inaugurated on 26 November 2009[5], and was originally operated by Transportadora Urucu-Manaus S.A., a subsidiary of Petrobras. The pipeline supplies the cities of Coari, Codajás, Anori, Anamã, Caapiranga, Manacapuru, Iranduba, and Manaus[6], as well as the power plants at Manauara, Tambaqui, Jaraqui, Aparecida, Mauá, Cristiano Rocha, and Ponta Negra-Urucu-Coari-Manaus, which collectively generate 760 MW of electricity.[1]

As of 2015, the Brazilian news outlet Globo reported that 30% of the natural gas transported by the Urucu-Manaus pipeline was going unused due to inadequate distribution systems and under-utilization at gas-fired power plants in the Manaus area. According to the report, contractual obligations would require the Amazonas state government to pay fines to Petrobras if natural gas from the pipeline is not used at full capacity by 2017.[7]

In August 2010, Transportadora Urucu-Manaus S.A. was incorporated into TAG (Transportadora Associada de Gás S.A.).[8] In April 2019, a consortium led by French energy giant Engie announced that it would purchase 90% of TAG's transport infrastructure, including the Urucu-Manaus gas pipeline, from Petrobras.[9] The sale to Engie received final approval from Petrobras in June 2019.[10][11]

Financial Irregularities

According to a March 2019 review by the National Electric Energy Agency (ANEEL) Amazonas Energia bought more fuel than recommended from the pipeline and paid more than for gas from other retail outlets.[12]

Sections

The pipeline consists of three sections. For the first 279-kilometer section, an 18-inch liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) pipeline from the production facility in Urucu to Coari was switched to carrying natural gas, while parallel to this a new 10-inch LPG pipeline was constructed. The second section (196 km) runs from Coari to Anamã, and the third (186 km) continues from Anamã to Manaus.[4] In addition to the main trunkline, the pipeline has seven branches.[13]

Technical features

In the first stage of its operation, the pipeline transported 17 billion cubic meters (bcm) of natural gas per year.[14] The total capacity of the pipeline is 20 bcm of natural gas per year.[15]

Proposed Urucu to Juruá Expansion

A 140 km westward expansion of the pipeline has been proposed, from Urucu to the Araracanga natural gas fields in Juruá, where four test wells have shown the potential to produce 500,000 cm/d of natural gas each.[16] Petrobras was granted environmental permits to build the Urucu-Juruá pipeline in 2008 and again in 2011, but to date there have been no further developments[17][18] and the project is presumed to be shelved.

Urucu to Juruá Expansion Location

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Urucu-Juruá Expansion Project Details

  • Owner: Petrobras
  • Parent company:
  • Capacity: 2 MMcm/d / 71 MMcf/d[16]
  • Length: 140 km / 87 miles[18]
  • Diameter:
  • Status: Shelved
  • Start Year:

Proposed Urucu to Porto Velho Expansion

Proposals to bring natural gas to the state of Rondônia in Brazil's upper Amazon Basin date back at least two decades[19] but have repeatedly encountered obstacles. In August 2002, Brazil's environmental agency Ibama granted a permit for construction of the Urucu-Porto Velho pipeline, but the ensuing legal tug-of-war between proponents and opponents kept the project stalled[20][21], with environmentalists warning of the potential for soil and water pollution, deforestation, unchecked development and negative impacts on indigenous communities along the pipeline's path.[22]

Ibama issued a new construction permit for the pipeline in 2007[23], and in 2008 Brazil's federal government expressed its renewed commitment to seeing the pipeline built.[24] However, by 2012 the project had again been abandoned, with Brazilian president Dilma Roussef asserting that gas production in Urucu was insufficient to supply both Manaus and Porto Velho.[25]

Despite these repeated setbacks, Rondônia's elected officials, including Senators Valdir Raupp, Governor Marcos Rocha, and Senator Marcos Rogério have continued to lobby for the pipeline, citing natural gas as a cheaper, cleaner alternative to the diesel fuel used to generate electricity at the state's aging Rio Madeira and Termo Norte II power plants.[26][27][28][29]

In August 2019, Rondônia's state legislative delegation, accompanied by officials from the Rondônian gas distribution company Rongás, met in Brasilia with Petrobras president Roberto Castelo Branco to advocate for an extension of the Urucu-Manaus Pipeline 523 km south from Urucu to Rondônia's capital, Porto Velho. Government officials noted that there is strong demand in Rondônia for natural gas as a low-cost fuel alternative, that the section of pipeline between Urucu and Porto Velho would be shorter and easier to construct than the existing Urucu-Manaus section, and that private investors are actively interested in building the pipeline, which would leave Petrobras free to sell its gas in Rondônia without undertaking major new infrastructure investments of its own.[30]

Urucu to Porto Velho Expansion Location

The proposed expansion would run south-southeast from Urucu to Rondônia's capital city of Porto Velho[31], passing through the communities of Coari, Tapauá and Canutama in Amazonas state and crossing the Madeira, Açuã, Purus, Coari and Itanhauã Rivers.[22]

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Urucu-Porto Velho Expansion Project Details

  • Owner:
  • Parent company:
  • Capacity: 2 MMcm/d / 71 MMcf/d[29]
  • Length: 523 km / 325 miles[30]
  • Diameter: 14 inches[19]
  • Status: Proposed
  • Start Year:

Articles and resources

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 "Eneva e 3R Petroleum ofertam mais de 1 bilhão pelo polo de Urucu, da Petrobras". CPG Click Petroleo e Gas. December 7, 2020.
  2. "Sistema de Transporte – TAG". TAG. Retrieved 2020-06-28.
  3. Sudip Kar-Gupta (April 8, 2019). "Engie-led consortium seals $8.6 billion purchase of Petrobras pipeline unit". Reuters.
  4. 4.0 4.1 "Gasoduto Urucu-Coari-Manaus inicia operação comercial". Agência Petrobras. November 26, 2009.
  5. "Petrobras inaugura gasoduto Urucu-Manaus". Jornal de Brasília. November 26, 2009.
  6. "Urucu-Coari-Manaus Pipeline". Hydrocarbons Technology. Retrieved 2021-04-14.
  7. "30% da produção em gasoduto no AM fica sem uso e volta para a terra". O Globo. April 10, 2015.
  8. "Sobre a TAG". TAG. Retrieved 2020-06-28.
  9. "Petrobras plans to sell gas pipeline to Engie for $8.6bn". Financial Times. April 5, 2019. Retrieved 2020-06-28.
  10. "Petrobras closes the sale of TAG". Petrobras press release. June 13, 2019.
  11. "Petrobras vende o gasoduto de Urucu". D24am - Amazonas. June 13, 2019.
  12. Eletrobras recebe crédito de R$ 1,5 bilhão em recursos de subsídio, D42 am Economia, Mar. 15, 2019
  13. "Petrobras to Bring Urucu-Coari-Manaus Gas Pipeline On Stream". RigZone. November 25, 2009.
  14. "Urucu–Manaus gas pipeline". Scandinavian Oil & Gas Magazine. 2006-06-21. Retrieved 2007-05-12.
  15. "Urucu-Coari-Manaus and Urucu-Coari Gas Pipeline Projects". U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission. 2005-12-31. Retrieved 2008-05-17.
  16. 16.0 16.1 "Petrobras já planeja novo duto para gás na Amazônia". Portos e Navios. February 8, 2010.
  17. "ESTUDO PRÉVIO DE IMPACTO AMBIENTAL PARA CONSTRUÇÃO DO GASODUTO JURUÁ/URUCU" (PDF). IPAAM (Instituto de Proteção Ambiental do Amazonas). December 2008.
  18. 18.0 18.1 "Petrobras obtém licença de gasoduto do Juruá a Urucu, no Amazonas". Braslog Logística e Comércio Exterior. October 18, 2011.
  19. 19.0 19.1 "Gas Market Integration in the Southern Cone | Publications" (PDF). Inter-American Development Bank. 2004.
  20. "Raupp pede início das obras do gasoduto Urucu-Porto Velho". Senado Federal. September 18, 2003.
  21. "Comissão aprova gasoduto Urucu/Porto Velho - Notícias". Portal da Câmara dos Deputados. June 23, 2006.
  22. 22.0 22.1 "Gasodutos opõem desenvolvimento e preservação". Repórter Brasil. April 23, 2004.
  23. "Ibama libera construção do gasoduto Urucu-Porto Velho - Rondoniaovivo.com". Rondoniaovivo. August 9, 2007.
  24. "Dilma Rousseff renova compromisso de gasoduto Urucu/Porto Velho a senador Raupp". Gente de Opinião. June 4, 2008.
  25. "Adeus Gasoduto, Hidrelétrica e Ferrovia: Dona Dilma cortou tudo". Tudo Rondônia. January 26, 2012.
  26. "Valdir Raupp defende construção de gasoduto Urucu-Porto Velho". Senado Federal. November 27, 2008.
  27. "OPINIÃO DE PRIMEIRA: O GASODUTO QUE NUNCA VAI SAIR, VOLTA A SER DISCUTIDO". News Rondonia. October 21, 2012.
  28. "Comissão de Fiscalização defende gasoduto para Amazonas e Porto Velho". O Petróleo. December 11, 2016.
  29. 29.0 29.1 "O gasoduto volta à pauta: Porto Velho pode receber 2 milhões de metros cúbicos de gás por dia". Tudo Rondônia. November 15, 2019.
  30. 30.0 30.1 "Bancada federal reúne com a direção da Petrobrás para debater a implantação de gasoduto até Porto Velho". ROLNEWS. August 14, 2019.
  31. "Gasoduto Urucu-Porto Velho". Petrobras. Retrieved 2020-11-02.

Related GEM.wiki articles

External resources

External articles

Wikipedia also has an article on Urucu-Manaus Gas Pipeline (Urucu-Manaus pipeline). This article may use content from the Wikipedia article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License].