ArcelorMittal Monlevade steel plant

From Global Energy Monitor


This article is part of the Global Steel Plant Tracker, a project of Global Energy Monitor.

ArcelorMittal Monlevade steel plant (ArcelorMittal Aços Longos) is a blast furnace-basic oxygen furnace (BF-BOF) steel plant in João Monlevade, Minas Gerais, Brazil.[1] The plant operates a blast furnace (BF) and two basic oxygen furnaces (BOF).[1][2][3]


The map below shows the location of the steel plant in João Monlevade, Minas Gerais, Brazil.

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The João Monlevade steel plant was originally a project of the Companhia Siderúrgica Belgo-Mineira (commonly known as Belgo), a steel company that arose from the acquisition of Companhia Siderúrgica Mineira by the Belgian-Luxembourg group ARBED (Aciéries Réunies de Burbach-Eich-Dudelange) in 1921.[4]

In the mid-1930s, Belgo began constructing a modern steel plant in the city of João Monlevade, in the mineral-rich state of Minas Gerais, Brazil. The Monlevade plant began operating in 1937, and over the next decade (prior to the 1946 opening of the much larger Presidente Vargas Steelworks in Volta Redonda) produced nearly half of Brazil's steel.[4]

In the 1950s and 60s, the Monlevade plant modernized and expanded its output, adopting the recently invented Linz–Donawitz process of basic oxygen steelmaking and installing a Morgan finishing mill for the production of wire rod. Over the next few decades, Belgo continued to modernize and grow, strengthening its partnership with the Bekaert Group (an international leader in the manufacture of steel wires), acquiring the steel companies Cofavi and Dedini, and leasing the Mendes Júnior steel plant in Juiz de Fora, Brazil.[4]

In 2000, Belgo replaced the Monlevade plant's five charcoal-fired blast furnaces with a single large-capacity, coke-fueled furnace, allowing the plant to increase its production of pig iron by 30%.[4]

In 2002, Belgo became part of the Arcelor group following ARBED's merger with the French company Usinor and Spanish steelmaker Aceralia. A new merger between Arcelor and the Indian company Mittal resulted in the creation of global steel giant ArcelorMittal in 2006, with the Belgo plant changing its name to ArcelorMittal Monlevade.[5]

Today the ArcelorMittal Monlevade plant operates as part of ArcelorMittal Brasil's Aços Longos (long steel) division, together with the ArcelorMittal Juiz de Fora steel plant and the ArcelorMittal Piracicaba steel plant.[6] The company is located near the so-called Vale do Aço (Steel Valley), a metropolitan region comprising the municipalities of Coronel Fabriciano, Ipatinga (home to the Usiminas Ipatinga steel plant) and Timóteo (home to the Aperam Timóteo steel plant).[7]

Expansion plans

In 2017, Brazil's financial crisis prompted a drop in the demand for steel, forcing ArcelorMittal to postpone a proposed project to expand the plant's capacity.[8] In late 2021, ArcelorMittal revived the expansion project, announcing that it would invest R$4.3 billion in building a new 2.3 million mtpa sinter plant, a 1.2 mtpa blast furnace expansion, and a 1.2 mtpa melt shop at the Monlevade plant.[1][9] The proposed expansion was expected to nearly double the plant's annual crude steel capacity from 1.2 million tpa (tonnes per annum) to 2.2 million tpa by 2024.[10]

Plant Details

  • Alternative plant names: ArcelorMittal Aços Longos[6], João Monlevade steel plant, Belgo steel plant (predecessor)
  • Other language plant name: ArcelorMittal Aços Longos (Portuguese), Companhia Siderúrgica Belgo-Mineira (Portuguese, predecessor)
  • Location: Av. Getúlio Vargas, 100, Santa Bárbara, João Monlevade, Minas Gerais, 35930-150, Brazil[11]
  • GPS Coordinates: -19.832129, -43.130164 (exact)
  • Plant status: operating[11]
  • Start year: 1937 (age 84–85)[12][13][14]
  • 2020 Production (thousand tonnes per annum):
    • Crude steel: 1200 (BOF/BF)[1]
    • Crude iron: 1015 (pig iron/hot metal)[17]

Articles and resources


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.7 "2020 Fact Book" (PDF). ArcelorMittal. May 2021.
  2. 2.0 2.1 "Alto-Forno da ArcelorMittal completa dez anos em Monlevade". DeFato Online. December 6, 2017.
  3. 3.0 3.1 "2021 AIST Basic Oxygen Furnace Roundup". AIST (Association for Iron & Steel Technology). Retrieved 2022-02-07.
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 "Balanço Social: História (p. 22)" (PDF). Belgo-Arcelor Brasil. 2005.
  5. "The evolution of ArcelorMittal". ArcelorMittal Rails. Retrieved 2020-09-16.
  6. 6.0 6.1 "Pocket Yearbook 2021: A Siderurgia em Números" (PDF). Instituto Aço Brasil. June 2021.
  7. "Região Metropolitana do Vale do Aço (MG)". FNEM. Retrieved 2020-09-16.
  8. "ArcelorMittal vai retomar projeto de expansão em João Monlevade". DeFato Online. December 9, 2017.
  9. Guerra, Jose (August 22, 2019). "ArcelorMittal Brazil extends Tubarao's furnace idleness". S&P Global.
  10. 10.0 10.1 10.2 "ArcelorMittal anuncia investimento de R$ 4,3 bilhões no Brasil - Notícias - Sala de imprensa". ArcelorMittal. November 11, 2021.
  11. 11.0 11.1 11.2 11.3 11.4 11.5 "Unidades". ArcelorMittal Brasil. Retrieved 2020-07-29.
  12. "Aço Brasil: uma viagem pela industria do aço" (PDF). instituto Aço Brasil. November 2013.
  13. "ArcelorMittal Aços Longos: Histórico 1917 – 1960".
  14. "Steel and iron corpornations: from Luxembourg to Brazil and back in a century". C2DH | Luxembourg Centre for Contemporary and Digital History. May 8, 2018.
  15. "ArcelorMittal anuncia investimento de R$ 4,3 bilhões no Brasil". ArcelorMittal Brasil. November 11, 2021.
  16. "Histórico 1991 – 2000". Belgo. Retrieved September 14, 2020.
  17. 17.0 17.1 "Anuário Estatístico 2021" (PDF). Instituto Aço Brasil. July 2021.
  18. "Conheça as unidades que construíram os 100 anos de história da ArcelorMittal Aços Longos no Brasil". ArcelorMittal. Retrieved 2022-02-07.
  19. "ArcelorMittal no Brasil: Apresentação Institucional 2021". ArcelorMittal. 2021.
  20. "ArcelorMittal anuncia investimento de R$107 mi para ampliar produção de aço para pneus em MG". Reuters. 2018-06-20.
  21. "Certificates and Policies". ArcelorMittal. Retrieved 2022-02-08.

External resources

External articles

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