Egypt and coal

From Global Energy Monitor

Egypt is a small producer and consumer of coal. In 2019, it produced 0 million tonnes. In the recent past, the country has produced 1.5 million tonnes per year.[1]

Coal Resources

Resource Details

Category Reserve Classification Quantity Units Data Year
BGR Estimate Reserves 16[1] million tonnes 2019
BGR Estimate Resources 166[1] million tonnes 2019
Geological Survey Reserves 21[2] million tonnes 2015
Geological Survey Resources - million tonnes
Commercial Reserves Reserves million tonnes
Commercial Resources Resources million tonnes

Coal Production

According to the US Energy Information Administration. Egypt produces nominal amounts of coal, and in 2012 imported approximately 1.5 million tonnes.[3]

Coal Consumption

Proposed coal-fired power stations

  • The Safaga Power Station is a proposed 1,950-megawatt (MW) coal-fired power station in Safaga, Egypt. A portion of the coal required at the plant would be imported from abroad, according to the Ministry of Electricity and Energy. The power plant is expected to come on line by 2020.[4]

During the March 2015 Egypt Economic Development Conference in the city of Sharm el-Sheikh, a raft of power generation deals were announced between the Egyptian Government and private companies. These included:

  • Hamarawein Port power station - Orascom Construction and International Petroleum Investment Company (IPIC) signed a development agreement for a 3 gigawatt US$3 billion coal-fired power station and coal port near the El Hamrawein Port.[5] News reports stated that the agreement guarantees the consortium access to the site to enable it to undertake development studies "while land allocation formalities are being finalised." It was reported that under the agreement the Egyptian government "has pledged full support in assisting the consortium in satisfying the necessary regulatory requirements" and that the agreement "covers various operational aspects such as the Power Purchase Agreement (PPA) and connection to the national grid."[6] [7]
  • Suez power station - Al-Nowais Investments Group signed a US$4.5 billion agreement with the Egyptian Electricity Holding Company to construct a 2460 MW coal plant in the Suez region. Egyptian independent news agency Youm7 cited that Electricity and Renewable Energy Minister Mohamed Shaker stating "the environmentally friendly power plant, producing 2,460MW of energy, will not only sustain economic development but will also position Egypt as one of the global leading countries in the field of renewable energy.” The deal was signed between Hussein a-l Nowais, the chairman of Al-Nowais Investments Group, and Gabr el-Desouky, the chairman of the Egyptian Electricity Holding Company.[8]
  • Kafr el-Sheikh power station - it was also reported that the Chairman of the Egyptian Electricity Transmission Company Ahmed al-Hanafy entered into a $1.5 billion agreement to "construct another coal-fired plant in the Delta governorate of Kafr el-Sheikh."[9] It was reported that this was a 2300 MW plant proposed by Benchmark Power International.[10]

Articles and resources


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 BGR Energy Study 2019 - Data and Developments in German and Global Energy Supplies (23), 200 p, Hannover, Germany
  2. United States Geological Survey,Minerals Yearbook, Egypt 2015, June 2019
  3. US Energy Information Administration, "Egypt: Country Analysis Brief Overview", US Energy Information Administration website, accessed November 2014.
  4. "Egypt is planning to set up 1,950MW coal-fired power plant," EBR, January 8, 2013.
  5. Orascom Construction, "OC-IPIC Consortium Signs Agreement with Egyptian Government and Aligns Banking Commitments for the Privately-Owned Coal-Fired Power Plant in Egypt", Media Release, March 16 2015.
  6. "Egypt accelerates $3bn coal power plant", Utilities ME, March 17, 2015.
  7. Adam Bouyamourn, "Orascom to fund Egypt power plant through $1.95bn debt", The National, March 16, 2015.
  8. "Egypt: Ministry of Electricity invests $4.5bn in coal-fired power",, March 16, 2015.
  9. "Egypt: Ministry of Electricity invests $4.5bn in coal-fired power",, March 16, 2015.
  10. "Egypt buys electricity from private sector", Middle East Monitor, 16 March 2015.

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