Hwanghae Iron and Steel Complex steel plant

From Global Energy Monitor
This article is part of the Global Steel Plant Tracker, a project of Global Energy Monitor.

Hwanghae Iron and Steel Complex (황해제철련합기업소 (Korean), 黃海製鐵聯合企業所 (Chinese)) is an integrated and electric steel plant in Songnim, North Hwanghae Province, North Korea.[1]


The map below shows the location of the steel plant in Songnim, North Hwanghae Province, North Korea.

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Hwanghae Iron Works was constructed while Korea was under Japanese rule from 1910 to 1945.[2] In 1934, Japan Iron and Manufacturing Company began a plant in Songnim with 3 blast furnaces (BF) (total capacity of 1000 TPD), 4 batteries of 35 coke ovens (total capacity of 1240 TPD), a 50-tonne open hearth furnace (OHF), and a 200-tonne basic oxygen furnace (BOF).[3] The plant was later rebuilt with support from former USSR and China.[2]

Steel for weapons development

In March 2020, Daily NK reported that North Korea is aiming to increase its production of steel for weapons development, with the goal of selling these weapons abroad for foreign currency.[4]

Juche steel

In October 2018, North Korea announced plans to make "juche steel" (steel produced from domestic, rather than imported coal and energy) at the Hwanghae Iron and Steel Complex.[5] Kim Chaek Iron and Steel Complex steel plant and Sŏngjin Steel Complex steel plant have also been tasked with producing "juche steel." [6]

Plant Details

Articles and resources


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 Kim Ch'aek Iron and Steel Complex, Nuclear Threat Initiative, Apr. 1, 2003 Retrieved on: May 27, 2020
  2. 2.0 2.1 North Korea Handbook, Yonhap News Agency, Seoul, M.E. Sharpe, Dec. 27, 2002
  3. The Iron and Steel Industry in Wartime japan, 1931-1945, Richard Lee Krause, East Central State College, 1968
  4. N. Korea ramps up steel production for weapons development, Jang Seul Gi, Daily NK, Mar. 19, 2020, Retrieved on: May 27, 2020
  5. North Korea says self reliant iron facility will begin production, Elizabeth Shim, UPI, Oct. 1, 2018, Retrieved on: May 27, 2020
  6. Juche steel, Stephan Haggard (Peterson Institute for International Economics), Feb. 9, 2011, Retrieved on: May 27, 2020
  7. 2016 Minerals Yearbook North Korea, USGS, October 2019
  8. Heroes and Toilers: Work as Life in Postwar North Korea, 1953-1961, Cheehyung Harrison Kim, Columbia University Press, Nov. 6, 2018
  9. 9.0 9.1 9.2 9.3 9.4 Developments in Steelmaking Capacity of Non-OECD Economies 2013, OECD Publishing, Aug. 12, 2014
  10. 10.0 10.1 Profiles of the cities of DPR Korea - Songrim, Rainer Dormels, Universitat Wien, 2014
  11. North Korea Development Report 2002/03, Edited by Choong Yong Ahn, Korea Institute for International Economic Policy

External resources

External articles