Kim Chaek Iron and Steel Complex steel plant
|This article is part of the Global Steel Plant Tracker, a project of Global Energy Monitor.|
Kim Chaek Iron and Steel Complex (김책제철연합기업소 (Korean), 김책제철소 (Korean), 金策製鐵聯合企業所 (Chinese)) is an integrated and electric steel plant in Songpyong-guyok, Chongjin, North Hamgyŏng Province, North Korea.
The map below shows the location of the steel plant in Songpyong-guyok, Chongjin, North Hamgyŏng Province, North Korea.
Kim Chaek Iron and Steel Complex is North Korea's oldest and largest steel mill, consisting of two steelmaking complexes (North Complex and South Complex). Kim Chaek Iron and Steel Complex was constructed while Korea was under Japanese rule from 1910 to 1945. The plant was rebuilt with support from former USSR and China. The Soviet Union provided technology and equipment for steel production in 1975. In 1996, equipment for producing pig iron without coke and low-carbon steel was installed.
Coke supplies for Kim Chaek Iron and Steel Complex have been unstable since Russia stopped supplying the plant after Kim Il Sung's death in 1994. Kim Chaek Iron and Steel Complex has shut down periodically due to lack of coal and electricity, including known instances in 1993, 1994, 1995, 2011, and 2014 (possibly more often than that). The Kim Chaek plant has rarely operated at full capacity since the 1990s, with some reports indicating operation at half or less capacity. 
Steel for weapons development
In March 2020, Daily NK reported that North Korea is aiming to increase its production of steel for weapons development, with the goal of selling these weapons abroad for foreign currency.
The Kim Chaek steel and Sŏngjin steel complexes produce "juche steel" (steel produced from domestic, rather than imported coal and energy). Hwanghae Iron and Steel Complex steel plant was also tasked with producing "juche steel" in October 2018.
- Private/State ownership: state-owned (Ministry of Metal and Machine-Building Industries)
- Parent company: Government of North Korea
- Owner: Government of North Korea
- Alternative plant names: Jince Iron and Steel Co. Ltd., Kimch'o'l, Kim Chaek Iron Works and Kim Chaek Steel Union Corporation, Kim Chaek Iron and Steel Factory, Kim Chaek Iron and Steel Works
- Other language plant name: 김책제철연합기업소 (Korean), 김책제철소 (Korean), 金策製鐵聯合企業所 (Chinese)
- Location: Songpyong-guyok, Chongjin, North Hamgyŏng Province, North Korea
- GPS Coordinates: 41.753784, 129.752681 (exact)
- Plant status: operating
- Start year: 1938 (age 82–83)
- Production capacities (thousand tonnes per annum):
- Crude steel: 6000
- Steel product category: flat, long
- Steel products: hot rolled, colled rolled, plate, wire rod, seamless tube, hot-dip galvanized
- Steel sector end users: weapons
- Steelmaking process: integrated, electric
- Primary steel production equipment: electric arc furnace (EAF) (# unknown); basic oxygen furnaces (BOF) (LD converter and Bessemer BOF); open hearth furnace (OHF); 3 blast furnaces, 1 Corex (1999)
- Iron ore source: Maoshan area
Articles and resources
- Kim Chaek Iron and Steel Complex: Down but Not Out, 38 North, Joseph S. Bermudez Jr. and Andy Dinville, Jun. 20, 2016, Retrieved on: May 27, 2020
- Chongjin - the city of Iron, Korea Konsult, Retrieved on: May 27, 2020
- Kim Chaek Iron and Steel Complex, Wikipedia, Retrieved on: May 27, 2020
- North Korea Handbook, Yonhap News Agency, Seoul, M.E. Sharpe, Dec. 27, 2002
- Kim Ch'aek Iron and Steel Complex, Nuclear Threat Initiative, Apr. 1, 2003 Retrieved on: May 27, 2020
- Juche steel, Stephan Haggard (Peterson Institute for International Economics), Feb. 9, 2011, Retrieved on: May 27, 2020
- N. Korea ramps up steel production for weapons development, Jang Seul Gi, Daily NK, Mar. 19, 2020, Retrieved on: May 27, 2020
- North Korea says self reliant iron facility will begin production, Elizabeth Shim, UPI, Oct. 1, 2018, Retrieved on: May 27, 2020
- Developments in Steelmaking Capacity of Non-OECD Economies 2013, OECD Publishing, Aug. 12, 2014
- North Korea Development Report 2002/03, Edited by Choong Yong Ahn, Korea Institute for International Economic Policy
- If the North Korean market is lifted, what are the opportunities for Chinese steel mills? (Chinese), Sohu, Jul. 11, 2018, Retrieved on: Jun. 9, 2020