OBA Bulk Terminal

From Global Energy Monitor

OBA Bulk Terminal is a dry bulk cargo terminal located at the Port of Amsterdam in the Netherlands. It is the largest bulk cargo facility at the port, which is a major importer of coal for power stations and steel plants in the Netherlands and Germany.


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The OBA Bulk Terminal began operating in 1954 and is currently owned by HES International (74.9%) and Oxbos (25.1%). The terminal has an annual capacity of 22 million tonnes.[1]

Historically, coal has made up the vast majority of cargo handled at the OBA Bulk Terminal. Of the 19 million tonnes of cargo handled in 2019, 88% was coal. Most of the port's facilities, including its cranes and belts, are designed for the handling of coal. In 2019, the OBA Terminal began exploring ways it could transition its business away from coal-handling, which will require significant investment and facility upgrades.[2]

The Port of Amsterdam is the second largest importer of coal in the Netherlands, after the Port of Rotterdam. As of October 2021, there are three coal terminals operating at the Port of Amsterdam: the OBA Bulk Terminal, the Trans Saar B.V. Terminal, and the Rietlanden Terminal.[3] The port of Amsterdam has seen its coal volumes drop significantly since 2014, when it handled 23 million tonnes.[4] The decline between 2019 and 2020 was especially large, with coal volumes dropping from 15.6 million tonnes to 7.5 million tonnes.[5] The Port of Amsterdam has committed to ending all coal transshipment at its facilities by 2030.[6]

Project Details

  • Owner: HES International (74.9%), Oxbow (25.1%)
  • Location: Port of Amsterdam, Netherlands
  • Coal Capacity (Million tonnes per annum): 22
  • Status: Operating
  • Type: Imports
  • Coal Source:

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