Port of Rotterdam

From Global Energy Monitor

Port of Rotterdam is the largest port in Europe in Rotterdam, Netherlands. It is operated by the Port of Rotterdam Authority.[1]

Several operations at the Port focus or focused on the storage and transshipment of coal and related services:

(1) Rotterdam Bulk Terminal (RBT) replaced the former EBS terminal at the Vulcaanhaven in Vlaardingen in 1999, and was closed and demolished in 2019;
(2) EMO Terminal on the Maasvlakte has facilities for storage, screening, washing, crushing and mixing coal;[2]
(3) EECV Terminal is the property of the German steel producers ThyssenKrupp Stahl and Hüttenwerke Kruppe Mannesmann and is responsible for the storage and transhipment of iron ore and coal destined for the blast-furnaces;
(4) EBS Terminals includes two terminals (Europoort Terminal and Laurenshaven Terminal), floating cranes for ship-to-ship handling, storage facilities, and a magnetic coal decontamination unit;[3]
(5) Marcor Stevedoring uses floating cranes for the transhipment of various dry bulk cargo, including coal, and provides floating storage facilities;[4]
(6) Dordrecht Terminal run by ZHD (Zeehavenbedrijf Dordrecht), some 70 kilometres inland, focuses on the storage and transhipment of dry bulk cargo, containers, and general cargo (separate from the Port of Moerdijk).[5][6]


The Port of Rotterdam is located in and near the city of Rotterdam, in the province of South Holland in the Netherlands.

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Coal handling

In 2006, nearly 30 million tonnes of coal was moved through the port, mainly imports.[7] In 2015, the Port of Rotterdam's website noted: "No other port [in Europe] tranships as much thermal coal and coking coal as the port of Rotterdam. The port of Rotterdam is not only a transhipment port of coal for power plants and blast furnaces in Germany, France, Belgium and the Netherlands, there are four coal-fired power plants in the port of Rotterdam area itself as well."[5]

In 2020, 17.3 million tonnes of coal were handled at the Port of Rotterdam. In 2015, this total was 30.7 million tonnes. In other words, over the course of five years, coal throughput in Rotterdam decreased by 44%. Of all the coal that enters the port, around 10% remains in the Netherlands, where it is fired in power plants. The remaining 90% is destined for Germany. Some 60% of this coal is used by German steel industry; the other 40% is fired in the country’s power plants.[8][9]

In 2021, Montel News reported that coal import terminals at Amsterdam, Rotterdam, and Antwerp were taking steps to weather the terminal decline in Europe’s coal consumption, turning instead to agricultural and alternative mineral commodities.[10] The Port Authority is officially aligned with the goals of the Rotterdam Climate Initiative (RCI) and stated that it intends the port to become Europe’s most sustainable and efficient port.[11]



  1. Top 50 World Container Ports. World Shipping Council
  2. https://www.hesinternational.eu/en/terminals/emo
  3. https://www.hesinternational.eu/en/terminals/ebs
  4. https://marcor.steinweg.com/en/
  5. 5.0 5.1 "Coal," Port of Rotterdam, accessed July 2015
  6. "Dry bulk companies," Port of Rotterdam, accessed July 2015
  7. Harold R. Newman, "The Mineral Industry of The Netherlands", 2006 Minerals Yearbook, U.S. Department of the Interior, U.S. Geological Survey, May 2008.
  8. “Coal,” Port of Rotterdam, accessed October 2021
  9. "Port of Rotterdam," World Port Source, accessed April 2015
  10. "Europe’s dry bulk terminals look beyond coal," Montel, March 9, 2021
  11. "Awash in Carbon Emissions, Port of Rotterdam Aspires to Sustainable Future," Renewable Energy World, 2017

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