Zimbabwe and coal

From Global Energy Monitor

Zimbabwe is a small coal producer and consumer. In 2019, it produced 2.3 million tonnes.

Coal Resources

Zimbabwe Geological Survey reports that the country "has vast high grade coal deposits occurring as fossilized carbon. It occurs in lower Karoo sediments. These are the middle Zambezi basin to the north and save Limpopo basin in the south." Business research and consulting firm Frost and Sullivan reports that Zimbabwe has coal reserves that will approximately last the next 200 years at a production output of 5,000 tons per annum, with the coal reserves "being suitable for providing feedstock for coal-powered thermal power stations."[1]

Resources Details

Category Reserve Classification Quantity Units Data Year
BGR Estimate Reserves 502[2] million tonnes 2019
BGR Estimate Resources 25,000[2] million tonnes 2019
Geological Survey Reserves - million tonnes
Geological Survey Resources 12,000[3] million tonnes
Commercial Reporting Reserves million tonnes
Commercial Reporting Resources million tonnes

Coal Production

In 2011 it was announced that Zimbabwe, which currently imports virtually all of its oil needs, averaging roughly 14,000 barrels per day, is seeking to expand its indigenous energy resources, particularly coal.

In Sep. 2011, Obert Mpofu of Zimbabwe Mines and Mining Development Minister said that the country had awarded 20 licenses for coal exploration and mining. The five firms awarded licenses were Makomo Investments, WK Blasting, Clidder, Apex and Liberation Mining. The majority of the 20 companies receiving prospecting licenses are joint ventures with Zimbabwean partners. In addition, the Zimbabwe Electricity Regulatory Commission recently licensed 13 independent power projects.

Proposed coal mines

Coal mining companies

Coal Consumption

Proposed coal plants

China's Guangdong Bureau of Coal Geology plans to invest $3.5 billion to build a 1,200 megawatt thermal power plant in Zimbabwe, according to September 2012 media reports. The company said its proposed budget "is about $3.5 billion for a 120 million watt plant." In July 2012, Energy Minister Elton Mangoma told parliament that China Railway International, a subsidiary of China Railway Group and Zimbabwe's state power utility ZESA were planning to jointly run a coal mine that would supply a proposed 1,000 MW thermal power station.[4]

The Zimbabwe Energy Minister has stated that a French consortium had been granted a licence to build a 2,000 MW thermal power plant in Zimbabwe for US$3 billion.[4]

In September 2015 Sable Mining announced that they had signed a memorandum of understanding with Citic Construction for the development of a 600 MW Lubu power station power station based on its early stage exploration project, the Lubu Coal Project.[5]

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External resources

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