Energy profile: Honduras
Fuel mix (fossil fuels vs renewables)
Roughly half of Honduras's total energy supply comes from imported oil (50.83% in 2018), with the remainder provided by biofuels (37.35%) and other renewables including solar, wind, and hydro. As recently as 2012, 70% of electricity was sourced from fossil fuels, but renewables now account for more than half of total electrical generation.
Greenhouse gas emissions targets
Honduras's initial Nationally Determined Contribution called for a 15% reduction in greenhouse gas emissions compared to business as usual between 2015 and 2030. Its first NDC update, released in May 2021, raised this target to 16%, with 9% to be supplied by the energy sector.
Government energy agencies
National energy ministry
MIAMBIENTE (Secretaría de Energía, Recursos Naturales, Ambiente y Minas) is responsible for the formulation, coordination, and evaluation of hydrological resources, new energy resources, renewable energy, and energy exploitation & exploration.
DGE (Dirección General de Energía Renovable y Eficiencia Energetica) is responsible for the development and efficient use of renewable energy while operating in harmony with the environment.
Permitting & regulatory agencies
SINAPH (Sistema Nacional de Áreas Protegidas de Honduras) authorizes permits following environmental impact assessments.
OES (Oficina de Electrificación Social) oversees electrification plans for rural Honduras.
National oil company
Honduras does not have a national oil company.
Energy sector employment data
Extractive industries in Honduras employed 4,090 persons as of 2018.
In 2019, Honduras's installed generating capacity was 2830 MW. Fossil fuels accounted for 38.5% of capacity, followed by hydro (25.8%), solar (18.2%), wind (8.4%), biomass (7.8%), and geothermal energy(1.2%).
In 2019, Honduras produced 10,535 GWh of electricity, sourced primarily from fossil fuels (47.4%), hydro power (23.1%), and solar (10.6%).
In 2017, electricity demand was 1560 MW.
Honduras consumed 7.22 billion kWh in 2016.
Coal in Honduras
Oil & Natural Gas in Honduras
Honduras does not produce oil or gas. The country primarily imports fuel oils, lubricants, gasoline, and other petroleum products from the United States and Mexico. As of 2016, Honduras was consuming 58,000 barrels of oil daily, approximately 0.26 gallons per capita.
Offshore oil projects in Honduras have been explored within the past decade. Gas pipeline projects to move oil and gas from the United States and Mexico into Central America are also under consideration which could include an LNG terminal in Honduras.
Renewable Energy in Honduras
Honduras is a regional leader in solar energy, with roughly 11% of electricity provided by photovoltaics in 2018 and 2019. As of 2016, the country ranked first in Central America for installed solar capacity and third in Latin America behind Chile and Mexico. Honduras aims for 80% of its energy matrix to be from renewables by 2038.
Iron & Steel in Honduras
Honduras is a producer and exporter of iron oxide, with plans to become Central America's first exporter of iron pellets in 2021. Iron mines in Honduras have been associated with human rights violations and ecological damage. As recently as 2019, local residents were still resisting an iron oxide mine situated in Montaña de Botaderos National Park sponsored by the US Nucor Corporation. Aceros Alfa is Honduras' leading steelmaker, with a recently upgraded rolling mill in San Pedro Sula.
Honduras is very vulnerable to the impacts of climate change, including droughts, flooding, storm surges, sea level rise, stronger hurricanes, and crop failure.
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